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22 U.S. Code § 7708 - Millennium Challenge Compact

(a) Compact

The Board, acting through the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation, may provide assistance for an eligible country only if the country enters into an agreement with the United States, to be known as a “Millennium Challenge Compact”, that establishes a multi-year plan for achieving shared development objectives in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter.

(b) Elements
(1) In generalThe Compact should take into account the national development strategy of the eligible country and shall contain—
the specific objectives that the country and the United States expect to achieve during the term of the Compact;
the responsibilities of the country and the United States in the achievement of such objectives;
regular benchmarks to measure, where appropriate, progress toward achieving such objectives;
an identification of the intended beneficiaries, disaggregated by income level, gender, and age, to the maximum extent practicable;
a multi-year financial plan, including the estimated amount of contributions by the Corporation and the country and proposed mechanisms to implement the plan and provide oversight, that describes how the requirements of subparagraphs (A) through (D) will be met, including identifying the role of civil society in the achievement of such requirements;
where appropriate, a description of the current and potential participation of other donors in the achievement of such objectives;
a plan to ensure appropriate fiscal accountability for the use of assistance provided under section 7704 of this title;
where appropriate, a process or processes for consideration of solicited proposals under the Compact as well as a process for consideration of unsolicited proposals by the Corporation and national, regional, or local units of government;
a requirement that open, fair, and competitive procedures are used in a transparent manner in the administration of grants or cooperative agreements or the procurement of goods and services for the accomplishment of objectives under the Compact;
the strategy of the eligible country to sustain progress made toward achieving such objectives after expiration of the Compact; and
a description of the role of the United States Agency for International Development in any design, implementation, and monitoring of programs and activities funded under the Compact.
(2) Lower middle income countries

In addition to the elements described in subparagraphs (A) through (K) of paragraph (1), with respect to a lower middle income country described in section 7705(b) of this title, the Compact shall identify a contribution, as appropriate, from the country relative to its national budget, taking into account the prevailing economic conditions, toward meeting the objectives of the Compact. Any such contribution should be in addition to government spending allocated for such purposes in the country’s budget for the year immediately preceding the establishment of the Compact and should continue for the duration of the Compact.

(3) Definition

In this subsection, the term “national development strategy” means any strategy to achieve market-driven economic growth and eliminate extreme poverty that has been developed by the government of the country in consultation with a wide variety of civic participation, including nongovernmental organizations, private and voluntary organizations, academia, women’s and student organizations, local trade and labor unions, and the business community.

(c) Additional provision relating to prohibition on taxation

In addition to the elements described in subsection (c), each Compact shall contain a provision that states that assistance provided by the United States under the Compact shall be exempt from taxation by the government of the eligible country.

(d) Local inputIn entering into a Compact, the United States shall seek to ensure that the government of an eligible country
takes into account the local-level perspectives of the rural and urban poor, including women, in the eligible country; and
consults with private and voluntary organizations, the business community, and other donors in the eligible country.
(e) Consultation

During any discussions with a country for the purpose of entering into a Compact with the country, officials of the Corporation participating in such discussions shall, at a minimum, consult with appropriate officials of the United States Agency for International Development, particularly with those officials responsible for the appropriate region or country on development issues related to the Compact.

(f) Coordination with other donors

To the maximum extent feasible, activities undertaken to achieve the objectives of the Compact shall be undertaken in coordination with the assistance activities of other donors.

(g) Assistance for development of compact

Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Chief Executive Officer may enter into contracts or make grants for any eligible country for the purpose of facilitating the development and implementation of the Compact between the United States and the country.

(h) Requirement for approval by the Board

Each Compact shall be approved by the Board before the United States enters into the Compact.

(i) Increase or extension of assistance under a CompactNot later than 15 days after making a determination to increase or extend assistance under a Compact with an eligible country, the Board, acting through the Chief Executive Officer
shall prepare and transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a written report and justification that contains a detailed summary of the proposed increase in or extension of assistance under the Compact and a copy of the full text of the amendment to the Compact; and
shall publish a detailed summary, full text, and justification of the proposed increase in or extension of assistance under the Compact in the Federal Register and on the Internet website of the Corporation.
(j) Duration of Compact

The duration of a Compact shall not exceed 5 years.

(k) Concurrent CompactsAn eligible country that has entered into and has in effect a Compact under this section may enter into and have in effect at the same time not more than one additional Compact in accordance with the requirements of this chapter if—
one or both of the Compacts are or will be for purposes of regional economic integration, increased regional trade, or cross-border collaborations; and
the Board determines that the country is making considerable and demonstrable progress in implementing the terms of the existing Compact and supplementary agreements thereto.
(l) Subsequent Compacts

An eligible country and the United States may enter into one or more subsequent Compacts in accordance with the requirements of this chapter after the expiration of the existing Compact.

Editorial Notes
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a), (k), and (l), was in the original “this title”, meaning title VI of Pub. L. 108–199, div. D, Jan. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 211, which is classified generally to this chapter. For complete classification of this title to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 7701 of this title and Tables.


2018—Subsecs. (k), (l). Pub. L. 115–167 struck out first sentence of subsec. (k) which read “An eligible country and the United States may enter into and have in effect only one Compact at any given time under this section.”, redesignated the remainder of subsec. (k) as (l), and added a new subsec. (k).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–167, title II, § 204(c), Apr. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1280, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 7712 of this title] apply with respect to Compacts entered into between the United States and an eligible country under the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003 [22 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.] before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 23, 2018].”