22 U.S. Code § 8926 - Expanded nonmilitary assistance for Ukraine

§ 8926.
Expanded nonmilitary assistance for Ukraine
(a) Assistance to internally displaced people in Ukraine
(1) In generalNot later than 30 days after December 18, 2014, the Secretary of State shall submit a plan, including actions by the United States Government, other governments, and international organizations, to meet the need for protection of and assistance for internally displaced persons in Ukraine, to—
(A)
the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate; and
(B)
the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.
(2) ElementsThe plan required by paragraph (1) should include, as appropriate, activities in support of—
(A)
helping to establish a functional and adequately resourced central registration system in Ukraine that can ensure coordination of efforts to provide assistance to internally displaced persons in different regions;
(B)
encouraging adoption of legislation in Ukraine that protects internally displaced persons from discrimination based on their status and provides simplified procedures for obtaining the new residency registration or other official documentation that is a prerequisite to receiving appropriate social payments under the laws of Ukraine, such as pensions and disability, child, and unemployment benefits; and
(C) helping to ensure that information is available to internally displaced persons about—
(i)
government agencies and independent groups that can provide assistance to such persons in various regions; and
(ii)
evacuation assistance available to persons seeking to flee armed conflict areas.
(3) Assistance through international organizations

The President shall instruct the United States permanent representative or executive director, as the case may be, to the relevant United Nations voluntary agencies, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and other appropriate international organizations, to use the voice and vote of the United States to support appropriate assistance for internally displaced persons in Ukraine.

(b) Assistance to the defense sector of Ukraine

The Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense should assist entities in the defense sector of Ukraine to reorient exports away from customers in the Russian Federation and to find appropriate alternative markets for those entities in the defense sector of Ukraine that have already significantly reduced exports to and cooperation with entities in the defense sector of the Russian Federation.

(c) Assistance to address the energy crisis in Ukraine
(1) Emergency energy assistance
(A) Plan required

The Secretary of State and the Secretary of Energy, in collaboration with the Administrator of the United StatesAgency for International Development and the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, shall work with officials of the Government of Ukraine to develop a short-term emergency energy assistance plan designed to help Ukraine address the potentially severe short-term heating fuel and electricity shortages facing Ukraine in 2014 and 2015.

(B) ElementsThe plan required by subparagraph (A) should include strategies to address heating fuel and electricity shortages in Ukraine, including, as appropriate—
(i)
the acquisition of short-term, emergency fuel supplies;
(ii)
the repair or replacement of infrastructure that could impede the transmission of electricity or transportation of fuel;
(iii)
the prioritization of the transportation of fuel supplies to the areas where such supplies are needed most;
(iv)
streamlining emergency communications throughout national, regional, and local governments to manage the potential energy crisis resulting from heating fuel and electricity shortages;
(v)
forming a crisis management team within the Government of Ukraine to specifically address the potential crisis, including ensuring coordination of the team’s efforts with the efforts of outside governmental and nongovernmental entities providing assistance to address the potential crisis; and
(vi)
developing a public outreach strategy to facilitate preparation by the population and communication with the population in the event of a crisis.
(C) AssistanceThe Secretary of State, the Secretary of Energy, and the Administrator of the United StatesAgency for International Development are authorized to provide assistance in support of, and to invest in short-term solutions for, enabling Ukraine to secure the energy safety of the people of Ukraine during 2014 and 2015, including through—
(i)
procurement and transport of emergency fuel supplies, including reverse pipeline flows from Europe;
(ii)
provision of technical assistance for crisis planning, crisis response, and public outreach;
(iii)
repair of infrastructure to enable the transport of fuel supplies;
(iv)
repair of power generating or power transmission equipment or facilities;
(v)
procurement and installation of compressors or other appropriate equipment to enhance short-term natural gas production;
(vi)
procurement of mobile electricity generation units;
(vii)
conversion of natural gas heating facilities to run on other fuels, including alternative energy sources; and
(viii)
provision of emergency weatherization and winterization materials and supplies.
(2) Reduction of Ukraine’s reliance on energy imports
(A) Plans required

The Secretary of State, in collaboration with the Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the United StatesAgency for International Development, shall work with officials of the Government of Ukraine to develop medium- and long-term plans to increase energy production and efficiency to increase energy security by helping Ukraine reduce its dependence on natural gas imported from the Russian Federation.

(B) ElementsThe medium- and long-term plans required by subparagraph (A) should include strategies, as appropriate, to—
(i)
improve corporate governance and unbundling of state-owned oil and gas sector firms;
(ii)
increase production from natural gas fields and from other sources, including renewable energy;
(iii)
license new oil and gas blocks transparently and competitively;
(iv)
modernize oil and gas upstream infrastructure; and
(v)
improve energy efficiency.
(C) Prioritization

The Secretary of State, the Administrator of the United StatesAgency for International Development, and the Secretary of Energy should, during fiscal years 2015 through 2018, work with other donors, including multilateral agencies and nongovernmental organizations, to prioritize, to the extent practicable and as appropriate, the provision of assistance from such donors to help Ukraine to improve energy efficiency, increase energy supplies produced in Ukraine, and reduce reliance on energy imports from the Russian Federation, including natural gas.

(D) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $50,000,000 in the aggregate for fiscal years 2016 through 2018 to carry out activities under this paragraph.

(3) Support from the Overseas Private Investment CorporationThe Overseas Private InvestmentCorporation shall—
(A)
prioritize, to the extent practicable, support for investments to help increase energy efficiency, develop domestic oil and natural gas reserves, improve and repair electricity infrastructure, and develop renewable and other sources of energy in Ukraine; and
(B)
implement procedures for expedited review and, as appropriate, approval, of applications by eligible investors (as defined in section 2198 of this title) for loans, loan guarantees, and insurance for such investments.
(4) Support by the World Bank Group and the European Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentThe President shall, to the extent practicable and as appropriate, direct the United States Executive Directors of the World Bank Group and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States to encourage the World Bank Group and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and other international financial institutions
(A)
to invest in, and increase their efforts to promote investment in, projects to improve energy efficiency, improve and repair electricity infrastructure, develop domestic oil and natural gas reserves, and develop renewable and other sources of energy in Ukraine; and
(B)
to stimulate private investment in such projects.
(d) Assistance to civil society in Ukraine
(1) In generalThe Secretary of State and the Administrator of the United StatesAgency for International Development shall, directly or through nongovernmental or international organizations, such as the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the National Endowment for Democracy, and related organizations—
(A)
strengthen the organizational and operational capacity of democratic civil society in Ukraine;
(B)
support the efforts of independent media outlets to broadcast, distribute, and share information in all regions of Ukraine;
(C)
counter corruption and improve transparency and accountability of institutions that are part of the Government of Ukraine; and
(D)
provide support for democratic organizing and election monitoring in Ukraine.
(2) Strategy requiredNot later than 60 days after December 18, 2014, the President shall submit a strategy to carry out the activities described in paragraph (1) to—
(A)
the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
(B)
the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
(3) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 to carry out this subsection.

(4) Transparency requirements

Any assistance provided pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted in as transparent of a manner as possible, consistent with the nature and goals of this subsection. The President shall provide a briefing on the activities funded by this subsection at the request of the committees specified in paragraph (2).

(Pub. L. 113–272, § 7, Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 2960.)
Delegation of Functions

Functions of President under subsec. (d) of this section delegated to Secretary of State by Memorandum of President of the United States, Feb. 19, 2015, 80 F.R. 12071, set out as a note under section 8925 of this title.

 

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