(a) Definitions.—In this section:
(1) In the vicinity of schools.—
The term “in the vicinity of schools”, with respect to a school, means the approximately 2-mile area within bicycling and walking distance of the school.
(2) Primary, middle, and high schools.—
The term “primary, middle, and high schools” means schools providing education from kindergarten through 12th grade.
Subject to the requirements of this section, the Secretary shall establish and carry out a safe routes to school program for the benefit of children in primary, middle, and high schools.
(c) Purposes.—The purposes of the program established under subsection (b) shall be—
to enable and encourage children, including those with disabilities, to walk and bicycle to school;
to make bicycling and walking to school a safer and more appealing transportation alternative, thereby encouraging a healthy and active lifestyle from an early age; and
to facilitate the planning, development, and implementation of projects and activities that will improve safety and reduce traffic, fuel consumption, and air pollution in the vicinity of schools.
(d) Apportionment of Funds.—
(1) In general.—Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), amounts made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year shall be apportioned among the States so that each State receives the amount equal to the proportion that—
the total student enrollment in primary, middle, and high schools in each State; bears to
the total student enrollment in primary, middle, and high schools in all States.
(2) Minimum apportionment.—
No State shall receive an apportionment under this section for a fiscal year of less than $1,000,000.
(3) Set-aside for administrative expenses.—
Before apportioning under this subsection amounts made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall set aside not more than $3,000,000 of those amounts for the administrative expenses of the Secretary in carrying out this section.
(e) Administration of Amounts.—
Amounts apportioned to a State under this section shall be administered by the State department of transportation.
(f) Eligible Recipients.—
Amounts apportioned to a State under this section shall be used by the State to provide financial assistance to State, local, Tribal, and regional agencies, including nonprofit organizations, that demonstrate an ability to meet the requirements of this section.
(g) Eligible Projects and Activities.—
(1) Infrastructure-related projects.—
(A) In general.—
Amounts apportioned to a State under this section may be used for the planning, design, and construction of infrastructure-related projects that will substantially improve the ability of students to walk and bicycle to school, including sidewalk improvements, traffic calming and speed reduction improvements, pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements, on-street bicycle facilities, off-street bicycle and pedestrian facilities, secure bicycle parking facilities, and traffic diversion improvements in the vicinity of schools.
(B) Location of projects.—
Infrastructure-related projects under subparagraph (A) may be carried out on any public road or any bicycle or pedestrian pathway or trail in the vicinity of schools.
(2) Noninfrastructure-related activities.—
(A) In general.—
In addition to projects described in paragraph (1), amounts apportioned to a State under this section may be used for noninfrastructure-related activities to encourage walking and bicycling to school, including public awareness campaigns and outreach to press and community leaders, traffic education and enforcement in the vicinity of schools, student sessions on bicycle and pedestrian safety, health, and environment, and funding for training, volunteers, and managers of safe routes to school programs.
(1) In general.—The Secretary shall make grants to a national nonprofit organization engaged in promoting safe routes to schools—
(i) Treatment of Projects.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a project assisted under this section shall be treated as a project on a Federal-aid highway under chapter 1.
(Added Pub. L. 117–58, div. A, title I, § 11119(a), Nov. 15, 2021, 135 Stat. 495.)