2010—Pub. L. 111–211, § 234(a)(1), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted subsec. heading.
Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 111–211, § 234(a)(2)(A), inserted “(except as provided in subsection (b))” after “assistance of counsel for his defense”. Amendment was executed to reflect the probable intent of Congress, notwithstanding errors in the directory language in quoting the text to be inserted.
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 111–211, § 234(a)(2)(B), added par. (7) and struck out former par. (7) which read as follows: “require excessive bail, impose excessive fines, inflict cruel and unusual punishments, and in no event impose for conviction of any one offense any penalty or punishment greater than imprisonment for a term of one year and a fine of $5,000, or both;”.
Subsecs. (b) to (f). Pub. L. 111–211, § 234(a)(3), added subsecs. (b) to (f).
1986—Par. (7). Pub. L. 99–570, which directed that “for a term of one year and a fine of $5,000, or both” be substituted for “for a term of six months and a fine of $500, or both”, was executed by making the substitution for “for a term of six months or a fine of $500, or both” as the probable intent of Congress.
Purpose of 1986 Amendment
Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, § 4217, Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–146, provided in part that amendment of par. (7) of this section was to “enhance the ability of tribal governments to prevent and penalize the traffic of illegal narcotics on Indian reservations”.