26 U.S. Code § 5051 - Imposition and rate of tax

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§ 5051.
Imposition and rate of tax
(a) Rate of tax
(1) In general
(A) Imposition of tax

A tax is hereby imposed on all beer brewed or produced, and removed for consumption or sale, within the United States, or imported into the United States. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the rate of such tax shall be the amount determined under this paragraph.

(B) Rate

Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the rate of tax shall be $18 for per barrel.

(C) Special ruleIn the case of beer removed after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2020, the rate of tax shall be—
(i) $16 on the first 6,000,000 barrels of beer—
(I)
brewed by the brewer and removed during the calendar year for consumption or sale, or
(II)
imported by the importer into the United States during the calendar year but only if the importer is an electing importer under paragraph (4) and the barrels have been assigned to the importer pursuant to such paragraph, and
(ii)
$18 on any barrels of beer to which clause (i) does not apply.
(D) Barrel

For purposes of this section, a barrel shall contain not more than 31 gallons of beer, and any tax imposed under this section shall be applied at a like rate for any other quantity or for fractional parts of a barrel.

(2) Reduced rate for certain domestic production
(A) rate 1
1 So in original. Probably should be “Rate”.
In the case of a brewer who produces not more than 2,000,000 barrels of beer during the calendar year, the per barrel rate of the tax imposed by this section shall be $7 ($3.50 in the case of beer removed after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2020) on the first 60,000 barrels of beer which are removed in such year for consumption or sale and which have been brewed or produced by such brewer at qualified breweries in the United States.
(B) Regulations

The Secretary may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to prevent the reduced rates provided in this paragraph from benefiting any person who produces more than 2,000,000 barrels of beer during a calendar year.

(3) Tolerances

Where the Secretaryor his delegate finds that the revenue will not be endangered thereby, he may by regulations prescribe tolerances for barrels and fractional parts of barrels, and, if such tolerances are prescribed, no assessment shall be made and no tax shall be collected for any excess in any case where the contents of a barrel or a fractional part of a barrel are within the limit of the applicable tolerance prescribed.

(4) Reduced tax rate for foreign manufacturers and importers
(A) In general

In the case of any barrels of beer which have been brewed or produced outside of the United States and imported into the United States, the rate of tax applicable under clause (i) of paragraph (1)(C) (referred to in this paragraph as the “reduced tax rate”) may be assigned by the brewer (provided that the brewer makes an election described in subparagraph (B)(ii)) to any electing importer of such barrels pursuant to the requirements established by the Secretary under subparagraph (B).

(B) AssignmentThe Secretary shall, through such rules, regulations, and procedures as are determined appropriate, establish procedures for assignment of the reduced tax rate provided under this paragraph, which shall include—
(i) a limitation to ensure that the number of barrels of beer for which the reduced tax rate has been assigned by a brewer
(I)
to any importer does not exceed the number of barrels of beer brewed or produced by such brewer during the calendar year which were imported into the United States by such importer, and
(II)
to all importers does not exceed the 6,000,000 barrels to which the reduced tax rate applies,
(ii)
procedures that allow the election of a brewer to assign and an importer to receive the reduced tax rate provided under this paragraph,
(iii)
requirements that the brewer provide any information as the Secretary determines necessary and appropriate for purposes of carrying out this paragraph, and
(iv)
procedures that allow for revocation of eligibility of the brewer and the importer for the reduced tax rate provided under this paragraph in the case of any erroneous or fraudulent information provided under clause (iii) which the Secretary deems to be material to qualifying for such reduced rate.
(C) Controlled group

For purposes of this section, any importer making an election described in subparagraph (B)(ii) shall be deemed to be a member of the controlled group of the brewer, as described under paragraph (5).

(5) Controlled group and single taxpayer rules
(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), in the case of a controlled group, the 6,000,000 barrel quantity specified in paragraph (1)(C)(i) and the 2,000,000 barrel quantity specified in paragraph (2)(A) shall be applied to the controlled group, and the 6,000,000 barrel quantity specified in paragraph (1)(C)(i) and the 60,000 barrel quantity specified in paragraph (2)(A) shall be apportioned among the brewers who are members of such group in such manner as the Secretary or their delegate shall by regulations prescribe. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “controlled group” has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (a) of section 1563, except that for such purposes the phrase “more than 50 percent” shall be substituted for the phrase “at least 80 percent” in each place it appears in such subsection. Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of the preceding two sentences shall be applied to a group of brewers under common control where one or more of the brewers is not a corporation.

(B) Foreign manufacturers and importers

For purposes of paragraph (4), in the case of a controlled group, the 6,000,000 barrel quantity specified in paragraph (1)(C)(i) shall be applied to the controlled group and apportioned among the members of such group in such manner as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “controlled group” has the meaning given such term under subparagraph (A). Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, principles similar to the principles of the preceding two sentences shall be applied to a group of brewers under common control where one or more of the brewers is not a corporation.

(C) Single taxpayer

Pursuant to rules issued by the Secretary, two or more entities (whether or not under common control) that produce beer marketed under a similar brand, license, franchise, or other arrangement shall be treated as a single taxpayer for purposes of the application of this subsection.

(b) Assessment on materials used in production in case of fraud

Nothing contained in this subpart or subchapter G shall be construed to authorize an assessment on the quantity of materials used in producing or purchased for the purpose of producing beer, nor shall the quantity of materials so used or purchased be evidence, for the purpose of taxation, of the quantity of beer produced; but the tax on all beer shall be paid as provided in section 5054, and not otherwise; except that this subsection shall not apply to cases of fraud, and nothing in this subsection shall have the effect to change the rules of law respecting evidence in any prosecution or suit.

(c) Illegally produced beerThe production of any beer at any place in the United States shall be subject to tax at the rate prescribed in subsection (a) and such tax shall be due and payable as provided in section 5054(a)(3) unless—
(1)
such beer is produced in a brewery qualified under the provisions of subchapter G, or
(2)
such production is exempt from tax under section 5053(e) (relating to beer for personal or family use).
(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, § 201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1333; amended Pub. L. 86–75, § 3(a)(6), June 30, 1959, 73 Stat. 157; Pub. L. 86–564, title II, § 202(a)(8), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 290; Pub. L. 87–72, § 3(a)(8), June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 193; Pub. L. 87–508, § 3(a)(7), June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 114; Pub. L. 88–52, § 3(a)(8), June 29, 1963, 77 Stat. 72; Pub. L. 88–348, § 2(a)(8), June 30, 1964, 78 Stat. 237; Pub. L. 89–44, title V, § 501(d), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 150; Pub. L. 94–529, § 1, Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2485; Pub. L. 95–458, § 2(b)(2)(A), Oct. 14, 1978, 92 Stat. 1256; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11201(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–416; Pub. L. 115–97, title I, § 13802(a)—(d), Dec. 22, 2017, 131 Stat. 2170, 2171.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 5051, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 611, as amended by acts Mar. 30, 1955, ch. 18, § 3(a)(8), 69 Stat. 14; Mar. 29, 1956, ch. 115, § 3(a)(8), 70 Stat. 66; Mar. 29, 1957, Pub. L. 85–12, § 3(a)(6), 71 Stat. 9; June 30, 1958, Pub. L. 85–475, § 3(a)(6), 72 Stat. 259, consisted of provisions similar to those comprising this section, prior to the general revision of this chapter by Pub. L. 85–859.

Amendments

2017—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115–97, § 13802(a), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A tax is hereby imposed on all beer brewed or produced, and removed for consumption or sale, within the United States, or imported into the United States. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the rate of such tax shall be $18 for every barrel containing not more than 31 gallons and at a like rate for any other quantity or for fractional parts of a barrel.”

Subsec. (a)(1)(C)(i)(II). Pub. L. 115–97, § 13802(c)(1), inserted “but only if the importer is an electing importer under paragraph (4) and the barrels have been assigned to the importer pursuant to such paragraph” after “during the calendar year”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 115–97, § 13802(b), in heading, struck out “$7 a barrel” before “rate” and in text, inserted “($3.50 in the case of beer removed after December 31, 2017, and before January 1, 2020)” after “$7”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(B), (C). Pub. L. 115–97, § 13802(d)(1), redesignated subpar. (C) as (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which related to application of barrel quantity to controlled groups.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 115–97, § 13802(c)(2), added par. (4).

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 115–97, § 13802(d)(2), added par. (5).

1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11201(c)(1), substituted “$18” for “$9”.

Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11201(c)(2), added subpar. (C).

1978—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–458 added subsec. (c).

1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–529 reduced the excise tax on beer for small brewers to $7 per barrel on the first 60,000 barrels produced in the United States and removed for sale or consumption or sale during the calendar year, the reduced rate to be applicable only to brewers producing no more than 2 million barrels of beer in a calendar year, and inserted provision that if several brewers are members of a controlled group, the 2–million barrel limit is to be applied to the controlled group and the 60,000–barrel limit is to be apportioned among the members of the controlled group in accordance with Treasury Department regulations promulgated by the Secretary or his delegate.

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–44 struck out sentence providing for the imposition on and after July 1, 1965, of a tax of $8 in lieu of the tax imposed by the section.

1964—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88–348 substituted “July 1, 1965” for “July 1, 1964”.

1963—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88–52 substituted “July 1, 1964” for “July 1, 1963”.

1962—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–508 substituted “July 1, 1963” for “July 1, 1962”.

1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–72 substituted “July 1, 1962” for “July 1, 1961”.

1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–564 substituted “July 1, 1961” for “July 1, 1960”.

1959—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–75 substituted “July 1, 1960” for “July 1, 1959”.

Effective Date of 2017 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–97, title I, § 13802(e), Dec. 22, 2017, 131 Stat. 2172, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to beer removed after December 31, 2017.”

Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 effective Jan. 1, 1991, see section 11201(d) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–458 effective on first day of first calendar month beginning more than 90 days after Oct. 14, 1978, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 95–458, set out as a note under section 5042 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–529, § 2, Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2486, provided that:

“The amendment made by the first section of this Act [amending this section] shall take effect on the first day of the first calendar year which begins after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 17, 1976].”

Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44 applicable on and after July 1, 1965, see section 701(d) of Pub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 5701 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective July 1, 1959, see section 210(a)(1) of Pub. L. 85–859, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

Floor Stocks Taxes on Distilled Spirits, Wine, and Beer

Imposition of tax on beer, exception for small domestic producers, exception for certain small wholesale or retail dealers, credit against tax, liability for tax and method of payment, controlled groups, other laws applicable, and definitions, see section 11201(e) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 5001 of this title.

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27 CFR - Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms

27 CFR Part 25 - BEER

27 CFR Part 26 - LIQUORS AND ARTICLES FROM PUERTO RICO AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

27 CFR Part 27 - IMPORTATION OF DISTILLED SPIRITS, WINES, AND BEER

27 CFR Part 28 - EXPORTATION OF ALCOHOL

 

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