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26 U.S. Code § 5731 - Imposition and rate of tax

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(a) General ruleEvery person engaged in business as—
shall pay a tax of $1,000 per year in respect of each premises at which such business is carried on.
(b) Reduced rates for small proprietors
(1) In general

Subsection (a) shall be applied by substituting “$500” for “$1,000” with respect to any taxpayer the gross receipts of which (for the most recent taxable year ending before the 1st day of the taxable period to which the tax imposed by subsection (a) relates) are less than $500,000.

(2) Controlled group rules

All persons treated as 1 taxpayer under section 5061(e)(3) shall be treated as 1 taxpayer for purposes of paragraph (1).

(3) Certain rules to apply

For purposes of paragraph (1), rules similar to the rules of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 448(c)(3) shall apply.

(c) Penalty for failure to register

Any person engaged in a business referred to in subsection (a) who willfully fails to pay the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both, for each such offense.

Editorial Notes
Prior Provisions

A prior section 5731, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 714; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title II, § 202, 72 Stat. 1423, restricted shipment and delivery of tobacco materials to shipment and delivery pursuant to regulations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title V, § 502(b)(7), title VII, § 701(d), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 151, 157, applicable on and after Jan. 1, 1966.


2005—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 109–59 redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c). Text read as follows: “Rules similar to the rules of subpart G of part II of subchapter A of chapter 51 shall apply for purposes of this section.”

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–59 effective July 1, 2008, but inapplicable to taxes imposed for periods before such date, see section 11125(c) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 5002 of this title.

Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 1988, see section 10512(h) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as an Effective Date of 1987 Amendment note under section 5111 of this title.