26 U.S. Code § 7443 - Membership
The Tax Court shall be composed of 19 members.
Judges of the Tax Court shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, solely on the grounds of fitness to perform the duties of the office.
Judges of the Tax Court shall receive necessary traveling expenses, and expenses actually incurred for subsistence while traveling on duty and away from their designated stations, subject to the same limitations in amount as are now or may hereafter be applicable to the United States Court of International Trade.
The term of office of any judge of the Tax Court shall expire 15 years after he takes office.
Judges of the Tax Court may be removed by the President, after notice and opportunity for public hearing, for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office, but for no other cause.
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–439, § 1(a), increased number of judges from 16 to 19.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–439, § 1(b), struck out age limitation that no one could be appointed a member of the Tax Court unless appointed before attaining age 65.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–417 substituted “Court of International Trade” for “Customs Court”.
1969—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–172, § 952(a), provided that an individual may not be appointed a judge of the Tax Court after reaching age 65.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–172, § 953, substituted provisions fixing salary of Tax Court judges at the same rate and same installments as District Court judges, for provisions that each judge of the Tax Court receive a salary of $30,000 per annum, to be paid in monthly installments.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–172, § 952(b), substituted provisions that a term in office of any Tax Court judge would expire 15 years after he takes office, for provisions that a term in office of any Tax Court judge would expire 12 years after the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed, and any judge appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed would be appointed only for the unexpired term of his predecessor.
1964—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 88–426 increased salary of judges from $22,500 to $30,000.
1955—Subsec. (c). Act Mar. 2, 1955, increased salary of judges from $15,000 to $22,500.
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–417 effective, except as otherwise provided, Nov. 1, 1980, and applicable with respect to civil actions pending on or commenced on or after such date, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 96–417, as amended, set out as a note under section 251 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.
Amendment by Pub. L. 88–426 effective on first day of first pay period which begins on or after July 1, 1964, except to the extent provided in section 501(c) of Pub. L. 88–426, see section 501 of Pub. L. 88–426, title V, Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 435.
Amendment by act Mar. 2, 1955, effective Mar. 1, 1955, see section 5 of act Mar. 2, 1955, set out as a note under section 4501 of Title 2, The Congress.
Provisions authorizing the travel expenses of the judges of the United States Tax Court to be paid upon the written certificate of the judge were contained in the Transportation, Treasury, Housing and Urban Development, the Judiciary, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006, Pub. L. 109–115, div. A, title VI, Nov. 30, 2005, 119 Stat. 2490, and were repeated in provisions of subsequent appropriations acts which are not set out in the Code. Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriations acts:
Apr. 2, 1956, ch. 161, title III, 70 Stat. 98.
June 1, 1955, ch. 113, title III, 69 Stat. 78.
Ex. Ord. No. 12064, June 5, 1978, 43 F.R. 24661, which established the United States Tax Court Nominating Commission and provided for its membership, functions, etc., was revoked by Ex. Ord. No. 12305, May 5, 1981, 46 F.R. 25421, formerly set out as a note under section 14 of the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
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