26 U.S. Code § 7623 - Expenses of detection of underpayments and fraud, etc.
If the Secretaryproceeds with any administrative or judicial action described in subsection (a) based on information brought to the Secretary’s attention by an individual, such individual shall, subject to paragraph (2), receive as an award at least 15 percent but not more than 30 percent of the proceeds collected as a result of the action (including any related actions) or from any settlement in response to such action (determined without regard to whether such proceeds are available to the Secretary). The determination of the amount of such award by the Whistleblower Office shall depend upon the extent to which the individual substantially contributed to such action.
In the event the action described in paragraph (1) is one which the Whistleblower Office determines to be based principally on disclosures of specific allegations (other than information provided by the individual described in paragraph (1)) resulting from a judicial or administrative hearing, from a governmental report, hearing, audit, or investigation, or from the news media, the Whistleblower Office may award such sums as it considers appropriate, but in no case more than 10 percent of the proceeds collected as a result of the action (including any related actions) or from any settlement in response to such action (determined without regard to whether such proceeds are available to the Secretary), taking into account the significance of the individual’s information and the role of such individual and any legal representative of such individual in contributing to such action.
If the Whistleblower Office determines that the claim for an award under paragraph (1) or (2) is brought by an individual who planned and initiated the actions that led to the underpayment of tax or actions described in subsection (a)(2), then the Whistleblower Office may appropriately reduce such award. If such individual is convicted of criminal conduct arising from the role described in the preceding sentence, the Whistleblower Office shall deny any award.
No contract with the Internal Revenue Service is necessary for any individual to receive an award under this subsection.
No award may be made under this subsection based on information submitted to the Secretary unless such information is submitted under penalty of perjury.
2018—Subsec. (b)(1), (2)(A). Pub. L. 115–123, § 41108(a)(2), (b), substituted “proceeds collected as a result of the action” for “collected proceeds (including penalties, interest, additions to tax, and additional amounts) resulting from the action” and inserted “(determined without regard to whether such proceeds are available to the Secretary)” after “in response to such action”.
Subsec. (b)(5)(B). Pub. L. 115–123, § 41108(c), substituted “proceeds” for “tax, penalties, interest, additions to tax, and additional amounts”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–123, § 41108(a)(1), added subsec. (c).
2006—Pub. L. 109–432 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, in par. (1), substituted “or” for “and” at end, in concluding provisions, struck out “(other than interest)” after “amounts”, and added subsec. (b).
1996—Pub. L. 104–168 substituted “of underpayments and fraud, etc.” for “and punishment of frauds” in section catchline and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, is authorized to pay such sums, not exceeding in the aggregate the sum appropriated therefor, as he may deem necessary for detecting and bringing to trial and punishment persons guilty of violating the internal revenue laws, or conniving at the same, in cases where such expenses are not otherwise provided for by law.”
1976—Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Written determinations for this section
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