Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the provisions of this subchapter and subchapter III shall supersede any and all State laws insofar as they may now or hereafter relate to any employee benefit plan described in section 1003(a) of this title and not exempt under section 1003(b) of this title. This section shall take effect on January 1, 1975.
29 U.S. Code § 1144 - Other laws
The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(8)(B), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended. Title XIX of the Social Security Act is classified generally to subchapter XIX (§ 1396 et seq.) of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.
2006—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–280 added subsec. (e).
1998—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 105–200, § 401(h)(2)(A)(ii), substituted “they apply to” for “enforced by”.
Pub. L. 104–191 added par. (9).
1993—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 103–66, § 4301(c)(4)(A), as amended by Pub. L. 105–200, § 401(h)(1)(A)(i), inserted “, qualified medical child support orders (within the meaning of section 1169(a)(2)(A) of this title), and the provisions of law referred to in section 1169(a)(2)(B)(ii) of this title to the extent enforced by qualified medical child support orders” before period at end.
Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 103–66, § 4301(c)(4)(B), added par. (8) and struck out former par. (8) which read as follows: “Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to any State law mandating that an employee benefit plan not include any provision which has the effect of limiting or excluding coverage or payment for any health care for an individual who would otherwise be covered or entitled to benefits or services under the terms of the employee benefit plan, because that individual is provided, or is eligible for, benefits or services pursuant to a plan under title XIX of the Social Security Act, to the extent such law is necessary for the State to be eligible to receive reimbursement under title XIX of that Act.”
1989—Subsec. (b)(5)(C). Pub. L. 101–239, § 7894(f)(2)(A), substituted “by such parts 1 and 4 and the preceding sections of this part” for “by such parts”.
Subsec. (b)(6)(B). Pub. L. 101–239, § 7894(f)(3)(A), substituted “section 1002(1)” for “section 1002(l)”.
1986—Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 99–272 added par. (8).
1984—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 98–397 added par. (7).
1983—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 97–473, § 301(a), added par. (5).
Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 97–473, § 302(b), added par. (6).
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–204 applicable with respect to group health plans for plan years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1998, see section 603(c) of Pub. L. 104–204, set out as a note under section 1003 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–191 applicable with respect to group health plans for plan years beginning after June 30, 1997, except as otherwise provided, see section 101(g) of Pub. L. 104–191, set out as a note under section 1181 of this title.
Secretary authorized, effective Sept. 2, 1974, to promulgate regulations wherever provisions of this subchapter call for the promulgation of regulations, see section 1031 of this title.
For provisions setting forth circumstances under which any amendment to a plan required to be made by an amendment made by section 4301 of Pub. L. 103–66 shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1994, see section 4301(d) of Pub. L. 103–66, set out as an Effective Date of 1993 Amendment note under section 1021 of this title.