30 U.S. Code § 1300 - Indian lands
(a) Study of regulation of surface mining; consultation with tribe; proposed legislation
The Secretary is directed to study the question of the regulation of surface mining on Indian lands which will achieve the purpose of this chapter and recognize the special jurisdictional status of these lands. In carrying out this study the Secretary shall consult with Indian tribes. The study report shall include proposed legislation designed to allow Indian tribes to elect to assume full regulatory authority over the administration and enforcement of regulation of surface mining of coal on Indian lands.
(b) Submittal of study to Congress
The study report required by subsection (a) of this section together with drafts of proposed legislation and the view of each Indian tribe which would be affected shall be submitted to the Congress as soon as possible but not later than January 1, 1978.
(c) Compliance with interim environmental protection standards of this chapter
On and after one hundred and thirty-five days from August 3, 1977, all surface coal mining operations on Indian lands shall comply with requirements at least as stringent as those imposed by subsections (b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(5), (b)(10), (b)(13), (b)(19), and (d) ofsection 1265 of this title and the Secretary shall incorporate the requirements of such provisions in all existing and new leases issued for coal on Indian lands.
(d) Compliance with permanent environmental protection standards of this chapter
On and after thirty months from August 3, 1977, all surface coal mining operations on Indian lands shall comply with requirements at least as stringent as those imposed by sections 1257, 1258, 1259, 1260, 1265, 1266, 1267, and 1269 of this title and the Secretary shall incorporate the requirements of such provisions in all existing and new leases issued for coal on Indian lands.
(e) Inclusion and enforcement of terms and conditions of leases
With respect to leases issued after August 3, 1977, the Secretary shall include and enforce terms and conditions in addition to those required by subsections (c) and (d) of this section as may be requested by the Indian tribe in such leases.
(f) Approval of changes in terms and conditions of leases
Any change required by subsection (c) or (d) of this section in the terms and conditions of any coal lease on Indian lands existing on August 3, 1977, shall require the approval of the Secretary.
(g) Participation of tribes
(h) Jurisdictional status
The Secretary shall make grants to the Navajo, Hopi, Northern Cheyenne, and Crow tribes to assist such tribes in developing regulations and programs for regulating surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian lands. Grants made under this subsection shall be used to establish an office of surface mining regulation for each such tribe. Each such office shall—
(2) assist the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement established by section 1211 of this title in the inspection and enforcement of surface mining activities on Indian lands, including, but not limited to, permitting, mine plan review, and bond release; and
(j) Tribal regulatory authority
(1) Tribal regulatory programs
(A) In general
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an Indian tribe may apply for, and obtain the approval of, a tribal program under section 1253 of this title regulating in whole or in part surface coal mining and reclamation operations on reservation land under the jurisdiction of the Indian tribe using the procedures of section 1254 (e) of this title.
(2) Conflicts of interest
(A) In general
(3) Sovereign immunity
(4) Judicial review
(A) Civil actions
(i) In general After exhausting all tribal remedies with respect to a civil action arising under a tribal program approved under section 1254 (e) of this title, an interested party may file a petition for judicial review of the civil action in the United States circuit court for the circuit in which the surface coal mining operation named in the petition is located.
(B) Criminal actions
Any criminal action brought under section 1268 of this title with respect to surface coal mining or reclamation operations on Indian reservation lands shall be brought in—
(A) In general
Not later than 18 months after the date on which a tribal program is approved under subsection (e) ofsection 1254 of this title, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report, developed in cooperation with the applicable Indian tribe, on the tribal program that includes a recommendation of the Secretary on whether primary regulatory authority under that subsection should be expanded to include additional Indian lands.
 So in original. Probably should be “lands”.
Source(Pub. L. 95–87, title VII, § 710,Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 523; Pub. L. 102–486, title XXV, § 2514,Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3112; Pub. L. 109–432, div. C, title II, § 209,Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3019.)
2006—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 109–432, § 209(b), struck out “, except that nothing in this subsection may be construed as providing such tribes with the authorities set forth under section 1253 of this title” after “Indian lands” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 109–432, § 209(a), added subsec. (j).
1992—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 102–486added subsec. (i).