31 U.S. Code § 1304 - Judgments, awards, and compromise settlements

§ 1304.
Judgments, awards, and compromise settlements
(a) Necessary amounts are appropriated to pay final judgments, awards, compromise settlements, and interest and costs specified in the judgments or otherwise authorized by law when—
payment is not otherwise provided for;
payment is certified by the Secretary of the Treasury; and
(3) the judgment, award, or settlement is payable—
under section 2414, 2517, 2672, or 2677 of title 28;
under a decision of a board of contract appeals; or
in excess of an amount payable from the appropriations of an agency for a meritorious claim under section 2733 or 2734 of title 10,section 715 of title 32, or section 20113 of title 51.
(1) Interest may be paid from the appropriation made by this section—
on a judgment of a district court, only when the judgment becomes final after review on appeal or petition by the United States Government, and then only from the date of filing of the transcript of the judgment with the Secretary of the Treasury through the day before the date of the mandate of affirmance; or
on a judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit or the United States Court of Federal Claims under section 2516(b) of title 28, only from the date of filing of the transcript of the judgment with the Secretary of the Treasury through the day before the date of the mandate of affirmance.
Interest payable under this subsection in a proceeding reviewed by the Supreme Court is not allowed after the end of the term in which the judgment is affirmed.
(1) A judgment or compromise settlement against the Government shall be paid under this section and sections 2414, 2517, and 2518 [1] of title 28 when the judgment or settlement arises out of an express or implied contract made by—
the Army and Air Force Exchange Service;
the Navy Exchanges;
the Marine Corps Exchanges;
the Coast Guard Exchanges; or
the Exchange Councils of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Exchange making the contract shall reimburse the Government for the amount paid by the Government.
(Pub. L. 97–258, §§ 1, 2(m)(2), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 917, 1062; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, § 902(b)(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516; Pub. L. 104–316, title II, § 202(m), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3843; Pub. L. 111–314, § 4(b), Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3440.)

[1]  See References in Text note below.

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)


31:724a(1st sentence words before 1st proviso).

July 27, 1956, ch. 748, § 1302(1st sentence), 70 Stat. 694; Aug. 30, 1961, Pub. L. 87–187, § 3, 75 Stat. 416; July 18, 1966, Pub. L. 89–506, § 6, 80 Stat. 307; July 23, 1970, Pub. L. 91–350, § 1(c), 84 Stat. 449; restated May 4, 1977, Pub. L. 95–26, § 101(2d par. under heading “Claims and Judgments”), 91 Stat. 96; Mar. 7, 1978, Pub. L. 95–240, § 201, 92 Stat. 116; Nov. 1, 1978, Pub. L. 95–563, § 14(c), 92 Stat. 2390; Apr. 2, 1982, Pub. L. 97–164, title I, § 155, title III, § 302(c), 96 Stat. 47, 56.


28:2516(b)(less 1st sentence words after last comma).


31:724a(1st sentence 1st, 2d provisos).


31:724a(1st sentence last proviso)

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated” are omitted as surplus. The words “awards rendered by the Indian Claims Commission” are omitted as executed because under 25:70v the Commission was dissolved and all of its outstanding cases were transferred to the Court of Claims. Under 25:70v–3, judgments on cases transferred to the Court of Claims are judgments under 28:2517 and 2518 and are therefore included under clause (3)(A) of the subsection.

In subsection (b), the text of 28:2516(b)(less 1st sentence words after last comma) is omitted as superseded by 31:724a.

In subsection (b)(1)(A), the words “through the day before the date” are substituted for “to the date” as being more precise.

References in Text

Section 2518 of title 28, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), was repealed by Pub. L. 97–164, title I, § 139(l), Apr. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 43.


2010—Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Pub. L. 111–314 substituted “section 20113 of title 51” for “section 203 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2473)”.

1996—Subsecs. (a)(2), (b)(1)(A), (B). Pub. L. 104–316 substituted “Secretary of the Treasury” for “Comptroller General”.

1992—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 102–572 substituted “United States Court of Federal Claims” for “United States Claims Court”.

1982—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 97–258, § 2(m)(2)(A), struck out “under section 2411(b) of title 28” after “district court”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 97–258, § 2(m)(2)(B), substituted “Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit or the United States Claims Court” for “Court of Claims”.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–572 effective Oct. 29, 1992, see section 911 of Pub. L. 102–572, set out as a note under section 171 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–258, § 2(m), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1062, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1982.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

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31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury



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