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33 U.S. Code § 3041 - Involuntary retirement or separation

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(a) Transfer of officers to retired list; separation from serviceAs recommended by a personnel board convened under section 3022 of this title
an officer in the permanent grade of captain or commander may be transferred to the retired list; and
an officer in the permanent grade of lieutenant commander, lieutenant, or lieutenant (junior grade) who is not qualified for retirement may be separated from the service.
(b) Computations

In any fiscal year, the total number of officers selected for retirement or separation under subsection (a) plus the number of officers retired for age may not exceed the whole number nearest 4 percent of the total number of officers authorized to be on the active list, except as otherwise provided by law.

(c) Effective date of retirements and separations

A retirement or separation under subsection (a) shall take effect on the first day of the sixth month beginning after the date on which the Secretary approves the retirement or separation, except that if the officer concerned requests an earlier retirement or separation date, the date shall be as determined by the Secretary.

(d) Deferment of retirement or separation for medical reasons
(1) In general

If the Secretary determines that the evaluation of the medical condition of an officer requires hospitalization or medical observation that cannot be completed with confidence in a manner consistent with the officer’s well-being before the date on which the officer would otherwise be required to retire or be separated under this section, the Secretary may defer the retirement or separation of the officer.

(2) Consent required

A deferment may only be made with the written consent of the officer involved. If the officer does not provide written consent to the deferment, the officer shall be retired or separated as scheduled.

(3) Limitation

A deferment of retirement or separation under this subsection may not extend for more than 30 days after completion of the evaluation requiring hospitalization or medical observation.

Editorial Notes
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in section 853g of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107–372.


2020—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–259 added subsec. (d).