The term “harmful algal bloom” means marine and freshwater phytoplankton that proliferate to high concentrations, resulting in nuisance conditions or harmful impacts on marine and aquatic ecosystems, coastal communities, and human health through the production of toxic compounds or other biological, chemical, and physical impacts of the algae outbreak.
The term “hypoxia” means a condition where low dissolved oxygen in aquatic systems causes stress or death to resident organisms.
The term “State” means each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any other territory or possession of the United States, and any Indian tribe.
The term “Under Secretary” means the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere.
The term “United States coastal waters” includes the Great Lakes.