34 U.S. Code § 12592 - Index to facilitate law enforcement exchange of DNA identification information
Access to the index established by this section is subject to cancellation if the quality control and privacy requirements described in subsection (b) are not met.
Section was formerly classified to section 14132 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification and renumbering as this section. Some section numbers or references in amendment notes below reflect the classification of such sections or references prior to editorial reclassification.
2017—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–50 amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “prepared by laboratories that—
“(A) not later than 2 years after October 30, 2004, have been accredited by a nonprofit professional association of persons actively involved in forensic science that is nationally recognized within the forensic science community; and
“(B) undergo external audits, not less than once every 2 years, that demonstrate compliance with standards established by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and”.
2006—Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 109–162, § 1002(1), struck out “DNA profiles from arrestees who have not been charged in an indictment or information with a crime, and” after “provided that”.
Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 109–162, § 1002(2), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A), which read as follows: “The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall promptly expunge from the index described in subsection (a) of this section the DNA analysis of a person included in the index on the basis of a qualifying Federal offense or a qualifying District of Columbia offense (as determined under sections 14135a and 14135b of this title, respectively) if the Director receives, for each conviction of the person of a qualifying offense, a certified copy of a final court order establishing that such conviction has been overturned.”
Subsec. (d)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 109–162, § 1002(3), substituted “the responsible agency or official of that State receives, for each charge against the person on the basis of which the analysis was or could have been included in the index, a certified copy of a final court order establishing that such charge has been dismissed or has resulted in an acquittal or that no charge was filed within the applicable time period.” for “all charges for which the analysis was or could have been included in the index have been dismissed or resulted in acquittal.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–162, § 1002(4), struck out heading and text of subsec. (e). Prior to amendment, text related to authority for keyboard searches.
2004—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–405, § 203(a)(1), substituted “of—” for “of persons convicted of crimes;” and added subpars (A) to (C).
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 108–405, § 302, amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “prepared by laboratories, and DNA analysts, that undergo semiannual external proficiency testing by a DNA proficiency testing program meeting the standards issued under section 14131 of this title; and”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 108–405, § 203(a)(2)(B), (C), which directed that subsection (d)(2) be amended by substituting “; or” for period at end and by adding cl. (ii) at end, was executed by making the amendment to subpar. (A) of subsec. (d)(2) to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Pub. L. 108–405, § 203(a)(2)(A), substituted “if—” for “if” and inserted cl. (i) designation before “the responsible agency”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–405, § 203(d), added subsec. (e).
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–546, § 6(b)(2), substituted “semiannual” for “, at regular intervals of not to exceed 180 days,”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–546, § 6(b)(4), added subsec. (d).
1999—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 106–113 added par. (4).
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