37 U.S. Code § 557 - Settlement of accounts

§ 557.
Settlement of accounts
(a) The Secretary concerned, or his designee, may settle the account of—
a member of a uniformed service for whose account payments have been made under sections 552, 553, and 555 of this title; and
a survivor of a casualty to a ship, station, or military installation which results in the loss or destruction of disbursing records.
That settlement is conclusive on the accounting officers of the United States in settling the accounts of disbursing officers.
Payment or settlement of an account made pursuant to a report, determination, or finding of death may not be recovered or reopened because of a later report or determination which fixes a date of death. However, an account shall be reopened and settled on the basis of a date of death so fixed which is later than that used as a basis for earlier settlements.
In the settlement of his accounts, a disbursing officer is entitled, if there is no fraud or criminality by him, to credit for an erroneous payment or overpayment he made in carrying out this chapter, except section 558 of this title. Unless there is fraud or criminality by him, recovery may not be made from a civilian officer or employee or a member of a uniformed service who authorizes a payment under this chapter, except section 558 of this title.
(Added Pub. L. 89–554, § 5(b), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 630; amended Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1303(b)(11), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 741.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)


50 App. 1011.

Mar. 7, 1942, ch. 166, § 11, 56 Stat. 146.



50 App. 1009(a) (5th sentence).

50 App. 1009(a) (last sentence).

Mar. 7, 1942, ch. 166, § 9(a) (5th and last sentences); added July 1, 1944, ch. 371, § 5, 58 Stat. 680; Aug. 29, 1957, Pub. L. 85–217, § 1(c), 71 Stat. 492.

Only that portion of the source law which is applicable to members of the uniformed services and their dependents is codified in this section.

In subsection (a), the words “Secretary concerned, or his designee,” are substituted for “head of the department concerned, or such person as he may designate,”. The words “a member of a uniformed service” are substituted for “persons”. The words “United States” are substituted for “Government”.

In subsection (c), the words “in carrying out this chapter, except section 558” are substituted for “in carrying out the provisions of this Act, except sections 13, 16, 17, and 18”, since sections 16 and 17 are scheduled for repeal (see Table II) and section 18 was previously repealed. The words “under this chapter, except section 558” are substituted for “under such provisions” for the reasons stated in the preceding sentence.


1985—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–145 inserted “of this title” after “558” in two places.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

32 CFR - National Defense



LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.