42 U.S. Code § 12655n - Federal and State employee status

§ 12655n.
Federal and State employee status
(a) In general

Participants and crew leaders shall be responsible to, or be the responsibility of, the program agency administering the program on which such participants, crew leaders, and volunteers work.

(b) Non-Federal employees
(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a participant or crew leader in a program that receives assistance under this division shall not be considered a Federal employee and shall not be subject to the provisions of law relating to Federal employment.

(2) Work-related injuryFor purposes of subchapter I of section 8101 of title 5 and the provision [1] of that subchapter shall apply, except—chapter 81 of title 5,
the term “performance of duty”, as used in such subchapter, shall not include an act of a participant or crew leader while absent from the assigned post of duty of such participant or crew leader, except while participating in an activity authorized by or under the direction and supervision of a program agency (including an activity while on pass or during travel to or from such post of duty); and
compensation for disability shall not begin to accrue until the day following the date that the employment of the injured participant or crew leader is terminated.
(3) Tort claims procedure

For purposes of chapter 171 of title 28,

(4) Allowance for quarters

For purposes of section 5911 of title 5, relating to allowances for quarters, a participant or crew leader shall be considered an employee of the United States within the meaning of the term “employee” as defined in paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of such section.

(c) Availability of appropriation

Contract authority under this division shall be subject to the availability of appropriations. Assistance made available under this division shall only be used for activities that are in addition to those which would otherwise be carried out in the area in the absence of such funds.

(Pub. L. 101–610, title I, § 199M, formerly § 135, Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3149; renumbered § 199O, renumbered § 199M, Pub. L. 103–82, title I, § 101(a), (e)(8)(B), Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 788, 816, as amended Pub. L. 103–304, § 3(b)(1), Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1567.)

[1]  So in original. Probably should be “provisions”.

Section was formerly classified to section 12555 of this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 103–82, § 101(a).


1994—Pub. L. 103–304 amended directory language of Pub. L. 103–82, § 101(a)(3), which renumbered section 135 of Pub. L. 101–610 as section 199O.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–304 effective as of Oct. 1, 1993, see section 3(b)(10)(B) of Pub. L. 103–304, set out as a note under section 4953 of this title.

Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of Director of ACTION Agency (including all related functions of any officer or employee of ACTION Agency) to Corporation for National and Community Service, and effective date of such transfer, see section 203(c), (d) of Pub. L. 103–82, set out as a note under section 12651 of this title.


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