A prior section 1320c–9, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XI, § 1160, as added Oct. 30, 1972, Pub. L. 92–603, title II, § 249F(b), 86 Stat. 1438; amended Oct. 25, 1977, Pub. L. 95–142, § 5(e), (o)(3), 91 Stat. 1189, 1191; Aug. 13, 1981, Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2113(g), 95 Stat. 795, enumerated obligations of health care practitioners and providers of health care services, prior to the general revision of this part by Pub. L. 97–248.
2011—Subsec. (b)(1)(A) to (C). Pub. L. 112–40 substituted “quality improvement” for “peer review” wherever appearing.
1994—Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 103–432, § 156(b)(2)(B), amended subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) read as follows: “to provide notice to the State medical board in accordance with section 1320c–3(a)(9)(B) of this title when the organization submits a report and recommendations to the Secretary under section 1320c–5(b)(1) of this title with respect to a physician whom the board is responsible for licensing;”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–432, § 156(b)(4), which directed amendment of subsec. (d) by substituting “subpoena” for “subpena”, was executed by making the substitution in two places to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
1990—Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 101–508, § 4205(d)(1)(B), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508, § 4205(e)(1), inserted at end “No document or other information produced by such an organization in connection with its deliberations in making determinations under section 1320c–3(a)(1)(B) or 1320c–5(a)(2) of this title shall be subject to subpena or discovery in any administrative or civil proceeding; except that such an organization shall provide, upon request of a practitioner or other person adversely affected by such a determination, a summary of the organization’s findings and conclusions in making the determination.”
1988—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–360 added Pub. L. 100–203, § 4039(h)(6), see 1987 Amendment note below.
1987—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–203, § 4039(h)(6), as added by Pub. L. 100–360, added subsec. (e).
1986—Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 99–509 amended subpar. (C) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (C) read as follows: “to assist appropriate State agencies recognized by the Secretary as having responsibility for licensing or certification of providers or practitioners, which data and information shall be provided by the peer review organization to any such agency at the request of such agency relating to a specific case, but only to the extent that such data and information is required by the agency in carrying out a function which is within the jurisdiction of such agency under State law; and”.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment
Amendment by section 4205(d)(1)(B) of Pub. L. 101–508 applicable to notices of proposed sanctions issued more than 60 days after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 4205(d)(1)(C) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 1320c–3 of this title.
Pub. L. 101–508, title IV, § 4205(e)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–114, as amended by Pub. L. 103–432, title I, § 156(b)(5), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4441, provided that:
“The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to proceedings as
of the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 5, 1990
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment
Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9353(d)(2), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2047, provided that:
“The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to requests for data and information made on and after the end of the 6-month period
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1986