42 U.S. Code § 1396 - Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
There is hereby established the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission (in this section referred to as “MACPAC”).
Medicaid and CHIP eligibility policies, including a determination of the degree to which Federal and State policies provide health care coverage to needy populations.
Medicaid and CHIP enrollment and retention processes, including a determination of the degree to which Federal and State policies encourage the enrollment of individuals who are eligible for such programs and screen out individuals who are ineligible, while minimizing the share of program expenses devoted to such processes.
Medicaid and CHIP benefit and coverage policies, including a determination of the degree to which Federal and State policies provide access to the services enrollees require to improve and maintain their health and functional status.
Medicaid and CHIP policies as they relate to the quality of care provided under those programs, including a determination of the degree to which Federal and State policies achieve their stated goals and interact with similar goals established by other purchasers of health care services.
The effect of Medicaid and CHIP payment policies on access to items and services for children and other Medicaid and CHIP populations other than under this subchapter or subchapter XXI and the implications of changes in health care delivery in the United States and in the general market for health care items and services on Medicaid and CHIP.
Consistent with paragraph (11), the interaction of policies under Medicaid and the Medicare program under subchapter XVIII, including with respect to how such interactions affect access to services, payments, and dual eligible individuals.
MACPAC shall create an early-warning system to identify provider shortage areas, as well as other factors that adversely affect, or have the potential to adversely affect, access to care by, or the health care status of, Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries. MACPAC shall include in the annual report required under paragraph (1)(D) a description of all such areas or problems identified with respect to the period addressed in the report.
If the Secretary submits to Congress (or a committee of Congress) a report that is required by law and that relates to access policies, including with respect to payment policies, under Medicaid or CHIP, the Secretary shall transmit a copy of the report to MACPAC. MACPAC shall review the report and, not later than 6 months after the date of submittal of the Secretary’s report to Congress, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress and the Secretary written comments on such report. Such comments may include such recommendations as MACPAC deems appropriate.
MACPAC shall consult periodically with the chairmen and ranking minority members of the appropriate committees of Congress regarding MACPAC’s agenda and progress towards achieving the agenda. MACPAC may conduct additional reviews, and submit additional reports to the appropriate committees of Congress, from time to time on such topics relating to the program under this subchapter or subchapter XXI as may be requested by such chairmen and members and as MACPAC deems appropriate.
MACPAC shall review and submit an annual report to Congress on disproportionate share hospital payments under section 1396r–4 of this title. Each report shall include the information specified in clause (ii).
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary regularly shall provide MACPAC with the most recent State reports and most recent independent certified audits submitted under section 1396r–4(j) of this title, cost reports submitted under subchapter XVIII of this chapter, and such other data as MACPAC may request for purposes of conducting the reviews and preparing and submitting the annual reports required under this subparagraph.
The first report required under this subparagraph shall be submitted to Congress not later than February 1, 2016. Subsequent reports shall be submitted as part of, or with, each annual report required under paragraph (1)(C) during the period of fiscal years 2017 through 2024.
MACPAC shall transmit to the Secretary a copy of each report submitted under this subsection and shall make such reports available to the public.
For purposes of this section, the term “appropriate committees of Congress” means the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate.
With respect to each recommendation contained in a report submitted under paragraph (1), each member of MACPAC shall vote on the recommendation, and MACPAC shall include, by member, the results of that vote in the report containing the recommendation.
Before making any recommendations, MACPAC shall examine the budget consequences of such recommendations, directly or through consultation with appropriate expert entities, and shall submit with any recommendations, a report on the Federal and State-specific budget consequences of the recommendations.
MACPAC shall consult with the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (in this paragraph referred to as “MedPAC”) established under section 1395b–6 of this title in carrying out its duties under this section, as appropriate and particularly with respect to the issues specified in paragraph (2) as they relate to those Medicaid beneficiaries who are dually eligible for Medicaid and the Medicare program under subchapter XVIII, adult Medicaid beneficiaries (who are not dually eligible for Medicare), and beneficiaries under Medicare. Responsibility for analysis of and recommendations to change Medicare policy regarding Medicare beneficiaries, including Medicare beneficiaries who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, shall rest with MedPAC.
MACPAC shall regularly consult with States in carrying out its duties under this section, including with respect to developing processes for carrying out such duties, and shall ensure that input from States is taken into account and represented in MACPAC’s recommendations and reports.
MACPAC shall coordinate and consult with the Federal Coordinated Health Care Office established under section 2081  of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act before making any recommendations regarding dual eligible individuals.
MACPAC shall be composed of 17 members appointed by the Comptroller General of the United States.
The membership of MACPAC shall include individuals who have had direct experience as enrollees or parents or caregivers of enrollees in Medicaid or CHIP and individuals with national recognition for their expertise in Federal safety net health programs, health finance and economics, actuarial science, health plans and integrated delivery systems, reimbursement for health care, health information technology, and other providers of health services, public health, and other related fields, who provide a mix of different professions, broad geographic representation, and a balance between urban and rural representation.
The membership of MACPAC shall include (but not be limited to) physicians, dentists, and other health professionals, employers, third-party payers, and individuals with expertise in the delivery of health services. Such membership shall also include representatives of children, pregnant women, the elderly, individuals with disabilities, caregivers, and dual eligible individuals, current or former representatives of State agencies responsible for administering Medicaid, and current or former representatives of State agencies responsible for administering CHIP.
Individuals who are directly involved in the provision, or management of the delivery, of items and services covered under Medicaid or CHIP shall not constitute a majority of the membership of MACPAC.
The Comptroller General of the United States shall establish a system for public disclosure by members of MACPAC of financial and other potential conflicts of interest relating to such members. Members of MACPAC shall be treated as employees of Congress for purposes of applying title I of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (Public Law 95–521) [5 U.S.C. App.].
The terms of members of MACPAC shall be for 3 years except that the Comptroller General of the United States shall designate staggered terms for the members first appointed.
Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which the member’s predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of that term. A member may serve after the expiration of that member’s term until a successor has taken office. A vacancy in MACPAC shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.
While serving on the business of MACPAC (including travel time), a member of MACPAC shall be entitled to compensation at the per diem equivalent of the rate provided for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5; and while so serving away from home and the member’s regular place of business, a member may be allowed travel expenses, as authorized by the Chairman of MACPAC. Physicians serving as personnel of MACPAC may be provided a physician comparability allowance by MACPAC in the same manner as Government physicians may be provided such an allowance by an agency under section 5948 of title 5, and for such purpose subsection (i) of such section shall apply to MACPAC in the same manner as it applies to the Tennessee Valley Authority. For purposes of pay (other than pay of members of MACPAC) and employment benefits, rights, and privileges, all personnel of MACPAC shall be treated as if they were employees of the United States Senate.
The Comptroller General of the United States shall designate a member of MACPAC, at the time of appointment of the member  as Chairman and a member as Vice Chairman for that term of appointment, except that in the case of vacancy of the Chairmanship or Vice Chairmanship, the Comptroller General of the United States may designate another member for the remainder of that member’s term.
The Comptroller General of the United States shall have unrestricted access to all deliberations, records, and nonproprietary data of MACPAC, immediately upon request.
MACPAC shall submit requests for appropriations (other than for fiscal year 2010) in the same manner as the Comptroller General of the United States submits requests for appropriations, but amounts appropriated for MACPAC shall be separate from amounts appropriated for the Comptroller General of the United States.
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
Out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, there is appropriated to MACPAC to carry out the provisions of this section for fiscal year 2010, $9,000,000.
Notwithstanding section 1397dd(a)(13) of this title, from the amounts appropriated in such section for fiscal year 2010, $2,000,000 is hereby transferred and made available in such fiscal year to MACPAC to carry out the provisions of this section.
 See References in Text note below.
 So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.
Section 2081 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(13), probably means section 2602 of Pub. L. 111–148, Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 315, which is classified to section 1315b of this title. Section 2602 of Pub. L. 111–148 established the Federal Coordinated Health Care Office, and Pub. L. 111–148 does not contain a section 2081.
The Ethics in Government Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(D), is Pub. L. 95–521, Oct. 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 1824. Title I of the Act is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 101 of Pub. L. 95–521 in the Appendix to Title 5 and Tables.
In subsec. (d)(3), “section 6101 of title 41” substituted for “section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)” on authority of Pub. L. 111–350, § 6(c), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
A prior section 1396, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XIX, § 1901, as added Pub. L. 89–97, title I, § 121(a), July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 343; amended Pub. L. 93–233, § 13(a)(1), Dec. 31, 1973, 87 Stat. 960; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, § 2663(j)(3)(C), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1171, which related to appropriations, was transferred to section 1396–1 of this title.
2014—Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 113–93 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, and added subpar. (B).
2010—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(A)(i), inserted “for all States” before “and annual” in heading.
Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(A)(ii), struck out “children’s” before “access”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(A)(iii), inserted “, the Secretary, and States” after “Congress”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(A)(iv), substituted “March 15” for “March 1”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(A)(v), substituted “June 15” for “June 1”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(B)(i)(I), inserted “the efficient provision of” after “expenditures for” and substituted “payments to medical, dental, and health professionals, hospitals, residential and long-term care providers, providers of home and community based services, Federally-qualified health centers and rural health clinics, managed care entities, and providers of other covered items and services” for “hospital, skilled nursing facility, physician, Federally-qualified health center, rural health center, and other fees”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(B)(i)(II), inserted “(including how such factors and methodologies enable such beneficiaries to obtain the services for which they are eligible, affect provider supply, and affect providers that serve a disproportionate share of low-income and other vulnerable populations)” after “CHIP beneficiaries”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B) to (H). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(B)(ii)–(v), added subpars. (B) to (E) and (G), redesignated former subpars. (B) and (C) as (F) and (H), respectively, and, in subpar. (H), inserted “and preventive, acute, and long-term services and supports” after “barriers”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(D), added par. (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (4).
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(C), (E), redesignated par. (3) as (4) and substituted “, as well as other factors that adversely affect, or have the potential to adversely affect, access to care by, or the health care status of, Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries. MACPAC shall include in the annual report required under paragraph (1)(D) a description of all such areas or problems identified with respect to the period addressed in the report.” for “or any other problems that threaten access to care or the health care status of Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries.” Former par. (4) redesignated (5).
Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(C), (F), redesignated par. (4) as (5), inserted “and regulations” after “reports” in heading, designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and inserted heading, inserted “and the Secretary” after “appropriate committees of Congress” in subpar. (A), and added subpar. (B). Former par. (5) redesignated (6).
Subsec. (b)(6) to (10). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(C), (G), redesignated pars. (5) to (9) as (6) to (10), respectively, and inserted “, and shall submit with any recommendations, a report on the Federal and State-specific budget consequences of the recommendations” in par. (10) before period at end.
Subsec. (b)(11) to (14). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(1)(H), added pars. (11) to (14).
Subsec. (c)(2)(A), (B). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(2)(A), added subpars. (A) and (B) and struck out former subpars. (A) and (B) which related to MACPAC membership qualifications.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(3), inserted “and State” after “Federal”.
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(4), inserted “and, as a condition for receiving payments under sections 1396b(a) and 1397ee(a) of this title, from any State agency responsible for administering Medicaid or CHIP,” after “United States”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 111–148, § 2801(a)(5), substituted “Funding” for “Authorization of appropriations” in heading, inserted “(other than for fiscal year 2010)” before “in the same manner” in par. (1), and added pars. (3) and (4).