Subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 553 of title 5 shall apply in the development and issuance of regulations under this section.
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary or the Attorney General may disclose a Convention record, and access to such a record may be provided in whole or in part, only if such record is maintained under the authority of the Immigration and Nationality Act [8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.] and disclosure of, or access to, such record is permitted or required by applicable Federal law.
Unlawful disclosure of all or part of a Convention record shall be punishable in accordance with applicable Federal law.