42 U.S. Code § 15908 - Preservation of geological and geophysical data
This section may be cited as the “National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program Act of 2005”.
Not later than 1 year after August 8, 2005, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the Program.
The Secretary shall establish, as a component of the Program, a data archive system to provide for the storage, preservation, and archiving of subsurface, surface, geological, geophysical, and engineering data and samples. The Secretary, in consultation with the Advisory Committee, shall develop guidelines relating to the data archive system, including the types of data and samples to be preserved.
The system shall be comprised of State agencies that elect to be part of the system and agencies within the Department of the Interior that maintain geological and geophysical data and samples that are designated by the Secretary in accordance with this subsection. The Program shall provide for the storage of data and samples through data repositories operated by such agencies.
The Secretary may not designate a State agency as a component of the data archive system unless that agency is the agency that acts as the geological survey in the State.
The Advisory Committee shall advise the Secretary on planning and implementation of the Program.
Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to a State agency that is designated under subsection (d)(2) for providing facilities to archive energy material.
Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to any State agency designated under subsection (d)(2) for studies and technical assistance activities that enhance understanding, interpretation, and use of materials archived in the data archive system established under subsection (d).
The Federal share of the cost of an activity carried out with assistance under this subsection shall be not more than 50 percent of the total cost of the activity.
It is the intent of Congress that the States not use this section as an opportunity to reduce State resources applied to the activities that are the subject of the Program.
The term “Advisory Committee” means the advisory committee established under section 5 of the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C. 31d).
The term “Program” means the National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program carried out under this section.
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Geological Survey.
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
 See References in Text note below.
The National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992, referred to in subsec. (f)(2), is Pub. L. 102–285, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 166, which is classified principally to sections 31a to 31h of Title 43, Public Lands. Par. (3) of section 5(b) of the Act was redesignated par. (4) by Pub. L. 111–11, title XI, § 11001(f)(2)(B), Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1415, and is now classified to section 31d(b)(4) of Title 43. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 31a of Title 43 and Tables.