The Secretary shall (in cooperation with the Secretary of Transportation and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency) establish a cost-shared, public-private research partnership involving the Federal Government, railroad carriers, locomotive manufacturers and equipment suppliers, and the Association of American Railroads, to develop and demonstrate railroad locomotive technologies that increase fuel economy, reduce emissions, and lower costs of operation.
42 U.S. Code § 16101. Railroad efficiency
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(b) Authorization of appropriationsThere are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section—
$15,000,000 for fiscal year 2006;
$20,000,000 for fiscal year 2007; and
$30,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.
Advanced Technology Locomotive Grant Pilot Program
“(a)In General.—The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall establish and carry out a pilot program for making grants to railroad carriers (as defined in section 20102 of title 49, United States Code) and State and local governments—
for assistance in purchasing hybrid or other energy-efficient locomotives, including hybrid switch and generator-set locomotives; and
“(c)Grant Criteria.—In selecting applicants for grants under this section, the Secretary of Transportation shall consider—
the level of energy efficiency that would be achieved by the proposed project;
the extent to which the proposed project would assist in commercial deployment of hybrid or other energy-efficient locomotive technologies;
the extent to which the proposed project complements other private or governmental partnership efforts to improve air quality or fuel efficiency in a particular area; and
“(d) Competitive Grant Selection Process.—