42 U.S. Code § 16296. Low-volume oil and gas reservoir research program

(a) Definition of GIS

In this section, the term “GIS means geographic information systems technology that facilitates the organization and management of data with a geographic component.

(b) Program

The Secretary shall establish a program of research, development, demonstration, and commercial application to maximize the productive capacity of marginal wells and reservoirs.

(c) Data collectionUnder the program, the Secretary shall collect data on—
the status and location of marginal wells and oil and gas reservoirs;
the production capacity of marginal wells and oil and gas reservoirs;
the location of low-pressure gathering facilities and pipelines; and
the quantity of natural gas vented or flared in association with crude oil production.
(d) AnalysisUnder the program, the Secretary shall—
estimate the remaining producible reserves based on variable pipeline pressures; and
recommend measures that will enable the continued production of those resources.
(e) Study
(1) In general

The Secretary may award a grant to an organization of States that contain significant numbers of marginal oil and natural gas wells to conduct an annual study of low-volume natural gas reservoirs.

(2) Organization with no GIS capabilities

If an organization receiving a grant under paragraph (1) does not have GIS capabilities, the organization shall contract with an institution of higher education with GIS capabilities.

(3) State geologists

The organization receiving a grant under paragraph (1) shall collaborate with the State geologist of each State being studied.

(f) Public information

The Secretary may use the data collected and analyzed under this section to produce maps and literature to disseminate to States to promote conservation of natural gas reserves.