42 U.S. Code § 17231 - Energy storage competitiveness
This section may be cited as the “United States Energy Storage Competitiveness Act of 2007”.
The term “Council” means the Energy Storage Advisory Council established under subsection (e).
The term “compressed air energy storage” means, in the case of an electricity grid application, the storage of energy through the compression of air.
The term “islanding” means a distributed generator or energy storage device continuing to power a location in the absence of electric power from the primary source.
The term “flywheel” means, in the case of an electricity grid application, a device used to store rotational kinetic energy.
The term “microgrid” means an integrated energy system consisting of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources (including generators and energy storage devices), which as an integrated system can operate in parallel with the utility grid or in an intentional islanding mode.
The term “self-healing grid” means a grid that is capable of automatically anticipating and responding to power system disturbances (including the isolation of failed sections and components), while optimizing the performance and service of the grid to customers.
The term “spinning reserve services” means a quantity of electric generating capacity in excess of the quantity needed to meet peak electric demand.
The Secretary shall carry out a research, development, and demonstration program to support the ability of the United States to remain globally competitive in energy storage systems for electric drive vehicles, stationary applications, and electricity transmission and distribution.
In carrying out the activities of this section, the Secretary shall coordinate relevant efforts with appropriate Federal agencies, including the Department of Transportation.
Not later than 90 days after December 19, 2007, the Secretary shall establish an Energy Storage Advisory Council.
Subject to subparagraph (B), the Council shall consist of not less than 15 individuals appointed by the Secretary, based on recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences.
The Council shall consist primarily of representatives of the energy storage industry of the United States.
No later than 1 year after December 19, 2007, and every 5 years thereafter, the Council, in conjunction with the Secretary, shall develop a 5-year plan for integrating basic and applied research so that the United States retains a globally competitive domestic energy storage industry for electric drive vehicles, stationary applications, and electricity transmission and distribution.
The Secretary, in cooperation with the Council, shall coordinate the activities of the nanoscience centers of the Department to help the energy storage research centers of the Department maintain a globally competitive posture in energy storage systems for electric drive vehicles, stationary applications, and electricity transmission and distribution.
The Secretary shall establish, through competitive bids, not more than 4 energy storage research centers to translate basic research into applied technologies to advance the capability of the United States to maintain a globally competitive posture in energy storage systems for electric drive vehicles, stationary applications, and electricity transmission and distribution.
The centers shall be managed by the Under Secretary for Science of the Department.
As a condition of participating in a center, a participant shall enter into a participation agreement with the center that requires that activities conducted by the participant for the center promote the goal of enabling the United States to compete successfully in global energy storage markets.
A center shall conduct activities that promote the achievement of the goals of the plans of the Council under subsection (e)(4).
Section 13293 of this title may apply to any project carried out through a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this subsection.
The Secretary shall carry out a program of new demonstrations of advanced energy storage systems.
The Secretary shall carry out a program of electric drive vehicle energy storage technology demonstrations.
The Secretary shall carry out the programs established under this section in accordance with section 16352 of this title.
The Secretary shall carry out the programs established under subsections (i), (j), and (k) in accordance with section 16353 of this title.
To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall coordinate activities under this section with other programs and laboratories of the Department and other Federal research programs.
On the business day that is 5 years after December 19, 2007, the Secretary shall offer to enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences to assess the performance of the Department in carrying out this section.
 So in original. Probably should be “an”.
 So in original.