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42 U.S. Code § 191 - Bureau established

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There shall be established in the Department of Health and Human Services a bureau to be known as the Children’s Bureau.

(Apr. 9, 1912, ch. 73, § 1, 37 Stat. 79; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, § 3, 37 Stat. 737; 1946 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 1, eff. July 16, 1946, 11 F.R. 7873, 60 Stat. 1095; 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 1, §§ 5, 8, eff. Apr. 11, 1953, 18 F.R. 2053, 67 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 96–88, title V, § 509(b), Oct. 17, 1979, 93 Stat. 695.)
Editorial Notes

Section was formerly classified to section 18 of Title 29, Labor.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Change of Name

Department of Health and Human Services” substituted in text for “Department of Health, Education, and Welfare” pursuant to section 509(b) of Pub. L. 96–88, which is classified to section 3508(b) of Title 20, Education.

Transfer of Functions

Functions authorized by section 192 of this title and such other functions of Federal Security Agency as Administrator might designate were to be administered through Children’s Bureau under his direction and control.

Functions of Children’s Bureau under sections 201 to 216, 217 to 219 of Title 29, Labor, transferred to Secretary of Labor.

Act Apr. 9, 1912, established Children’s Bureau in Department of Commerce and Labor. Act Mar. 4, 1913, transferred Children’s Bureau to Department of Labor, which was created by that act, and was authority for substitution of “Department of Labor” for “Department of Commerce and Labor”.

Executive Documents
Transfer of Functions

Functions of Federal Security Administrator transferred to Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and all agencies of Federal Security Agency transferred to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare by section 5 of Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953, set out as a note under section 3501 of this title. Federal Security Agency and office of Administrator abolished by section 8 of Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953.

“Federal Security Agency” substituted for “Department of Labor” pursuant to Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which transferred Children’s Bureau, exclusive of its Industrial Division, from Department of Labor to Federal Security Agency. Functions of Bureau, its Chief, and of Secretary of Labor relating to such functions transferred to Federal Security Administrator.

For transfer of personnel, property, records and funds, see section 12 of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946.