In this section, the term “primary care” means the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community.
42 U.S. Code § 256a–1 - Establishing community health teams to support the patient-centered medical home
(a) In generalThe Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this section as the “Secretary”) shall establish a program to provide grants to or enter into contracts with eligible entities to establish community-based interdisciplinary, interprofessional teams (referred to in this section as “health teams”) to support primary care practices, including obstetrics and gynecology practices, within the hospital service areas served by the eligible entities. Grants or contracts shall be used to—
(b) Eligible entitiesTo be eligible to receive a grant or contract under subsection (a), an entity shall—
be an Indian tribe or tribal organization, as defined in section 1603 of title 25;
submit a plan for incorporating prevention initiatives and patient education and care management resources into the delivery of health care that is integrated with community-based prevention and treatment resources, where available;
ensure that the health team established by the entity includes an interdisciplinary, interprofessional team of health care providers, as determined by the Secretary; such team may include medical specialists, nurses, pharmacists, nutritionists, dieticians, social workers, behavioral and mental health providers (including substance use disorder prevention and treatment providers), doctors of chiropractic, licensed complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, and physicians’ assistants;
(c) Requirements for health teamsA health team established pursuant to a grant or contract under subsection (a) shall—
(2) support patient-centered medical homes, defined as a mode of care that includes—
personal physicians or other primary care providers;
safe and high-quality care through evidence-informed medicine, appropriate use of health information technology, and continuous quality improvements;
collaborate with local primary care providers and existing State and community based resources to coordinate disease prevention, chronic disease management, transitioning between health care providers and settings and case management for patients, including children, with priority given to those amenable to prevention and with chronic diseases or conditions identified by the Secretary;
in collaboration with local health care providers, develop and implement interdisciplinary, interprofessional care plans that integrate clinical and community preventive and health promotion services for patients, including children, with a priority given to those amenable to prevention and with chronic diseases or conditions identified by the Secretary;
incorporate health care providers, patients, caregivers, and authorized representatives in program design and oversight;
(6) provide support necessary for local primary care providers to—
coordinate and provide access to high-quality health care services;
coordinate and provide access to preventive and health promotion services;
provide access to appropriate specialty care and inpatient services;
provide quality-driven, cost-effective, culturally appropriate, and patient- and family-centered health care;
provide access to pharmacist-delivered medication management services, including medication reconciliation;
promote effective strategies for treatment planning, monitoring health outcomes and resource use, sharing information, treatment decision support, and organizing care to avoid duplication of service and other medical management approaches intended to improve quality and value of health care services;
provide local access to the continuum of health care services in the most appropriate setting, including access to individuals that implement the care plans of patients and coordinate care, such as integrative health care practitioners;
collect and report data that permits evaluation of the success of the collaborative effort on patient outcomes, including collection of data on patient experience of care, and identification of areas for improvement; and
establish a coordinated system of early identification and referral for children at risk for developmental or behavioral problems such as through the use of infolines, health information technology, or other means as determined by the Secretary;
(7) provide 24-hour care management and support during transitions in care settings including—
discharge planning and counseling support to providers, patients, caregivers, and authorized representatives;
referrals for mental and behavioral health services, which may include the use of infolines; and
(d) Requirement for primary care providersA provider who contracts with a care team shall—
(e) Reporting to Secretary
(f) Definition of primary care
 So in original. The comma probably should be “and”.
 So in original. Probably should be “hospital,”.
References in Text
Section 2703, referred to in subsec. (b)(5), means section 2703 of Pub. L. 111–148.
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