42 U.S. Code § 283d - Children’s Vaccine Initiative
(a) Development of new vaccines
The Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the National Vaccine Program under subchapter XIX of this chapter and acting through the Directors of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute for Aging, and other public and private programs, shall carry out activities, which shall be consistent with the global Children’s Vaccine Initiative, to develop affordable new and improved vaccines to be used in the United States and in the developing world that will increase the efficacy and efficiency of the prevention of infectious diseases. In carrying out such activities, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, develop and make available vaccines that require fewer contacts to deliver, that can be given early in life, that provide long lasting protection, that obviate refrigeration, needles and syringes, and that protect against a larger number of diseases.
In the report required in section 300aa–4  of this title, the Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Vaccine Program under subchapter XIX of this chapter, shall include information with respect to activities and the progress made in implementing the provisions of this section and achieving its goals.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title IV, § 404B, as added Pub. L. 103–43, title II, § 204,June 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 146; amended Pub. L. 109–482, title I, § 103(b)(3),Jan. 15, 2007, 120 Stat. 3687; Pub. L. 110–154, § 1(b)(2),Dec. 21, 2007, 121 Stat. 1827.)
References in Text
Section 300aa–4 of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was repealed by Pub. L. 105–362, title VI, § 601(a)(1)(H),Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3285.
2007—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–154substituted “Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development” for “National Institute for Child Health and Human Development”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–482struck out heading and text of subsec. (c). Text read as follows: “In addition to any other amounts authorized to be appropriated for activities of the type described in this section, there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1995 and 1996.”
Effective Date of 2007 Amendment