42 U.S. Code § 289a. Peer review requirements
(a) Applications for biomedical and behavioral research grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts; regulations
(1) The Secretary, acting through the Director of NIH, shall by regulation require appropriate technical and scientific peer review of—
(2)Regulations promulgated under paragraph (1) shall require that the review of applications made for grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements required by the regulations be conducted—
to the extent practical, by technical and scientific peer review groups performing such review on or before November 20, 1985,
(b) Periodic review of research at National Institutes of HealthThe Director of NIH shall establish procedures for periodic technical and scientific peer review of research at the National Institutes of Health. Such procedures shall require that—
the reviewing entity be provided a written description of the research to be reviewed, and
(c) Compliance with requirements for inclusion of women and minorities in clinical research
In technical and scientific peer review under this section of proposals for clinical research, the consideration of any such proposal (including the initial consideration) shall, except as provided in paragraph (2), include an evaluation of the technical and scientific merit of the proposal regarding compliance with section 289a–2 of this title.
References in Text
2007—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–482 substituted “sections 282(b)(16)” for “sections 282(b)(6)” in concluding provisions.
1993—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–43 added subsec. (c).
 See References in Text note below.