42 U.S. Code § 290bb–2. Priority substance abuse treatment needs of regional and national significance

(a) ProjectsThe Secretary shall address priority substance use disorder treatment needs of regional and national significance (as determined under subsection (b)) through the provision of or through assistance for—
(1)
knowledge development and application projects for treatment and rehabilitation and the conduct or support of evaluations of such projects;
(2)
training and technical assistance; and
(3)
targeted capacity response programs that permit States, local governments, communities, and Indian tribes and tribal organizations (as the terms “Indian tribes” and “tribal organizations” are defined in section 5304 of title 25) to focus on emerging trends in substance abuse and co-occurrence of substance use disorders with mental illness or other conditions.
The Secretary may carry out the activities described in this section directly or through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements with States, political subdivisions of States,Indian tribes or tribal organizations (as such terms are defined in section 5304 of title 25), health facilities, or programs operated by or in accordance with a contract or grant with the Indian Health Service, or other public or nonprofit private entities.
(b) Priority substance abuse treatment needs
(1) In general

Priority substance use disorder treatment needs of regional and national significance shall be determined by the Secretary after consultation with States and other interested groups. The Secretary shall meet with the States and interested groups on an annual basis to discuss program priorities.

(2) Special consideration

In developing program priorities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give special consideration to promoting the integration of substance use disorder treatment services into primary health care systems.

(c) Requirements
(1) In general

Recipients of grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements under this section shall comply with information and application requirements determined appropriate by the Secretary.

(2) Duration of award

With respect to a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement awarded under this section, the period during which payments under such award are made to the recipient may not exceed 5 years.

(3) Matching funds

The Secretary may, for projects carried out under subsection (a), require that entities that apply for grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements under that project provide non-Federal matching funds, as determined appropriate by the Secretary, to ensure the institutional commitment of the entity to the projects funded under the grant, contract, or cooperative agreement. Such non-Federal matching funds may be provided directly or through donations from public or private entities and may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, or services.

(4) Maintenance of effort

With respect to activities for which a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement is awarded under this section, the Secretary may require that recipients for specific projects under subsection (a) agree to maintain expenditures of non-Federal amounts for such activities at a level that is not less than the level of such expenditures maintained by the entity for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the entity receives such a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement.

(d) Evaluation

The Secretary shall evaluate each project carried out under subsection (a)(1) and shall disseminate the findings with respect to each such evaluation to appropriate public and private entities.

(e) Information and education

The Secretary shall establish comprehensive information and education programs to disseminate and apply the findings of the knowledge development and application, training and technical assistance programs, and targeted capacity response programs under this section to the general public, to health professionals and other interested groups. The Secretary shall make every effort to provide linkages between the findings of supported projects and State agencies responsible for carrying out substance use disorder prevention and treatment programs.

(f) Authorization of appropriation

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, $333,806,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022.

(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title V, § 509, as added Pub. L. 102–321, title I, § 108(a), July 10, 1992, 106 Stat. 341; amended Pub. L. 106–310, div. B, title XXXIII, § 3301(b), Oct. 17, 2000, 114 Stat. 1207; Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title VII, § 7004, Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1223.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 290bb–2, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title V, § 513, formerly § 512, formerly Pub. L. 91–616, title V, § 504, formerly § 503, as added Pub. L. 94–371, § 7, July 26, 1976, 90 Stat. 1039; amended Pub. L. 96–180, § 15, Jan. 2, 1980, 93 Stat. 1305; renumbered § 504 of Pub. L. 91–616 and amended Pub. L. 97–35, title IX, § 965(a), (c), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 594; Pub. L. 97–414, § 9(e), Jan. 4, 1983, 96 Stat. 2064; renumbered § 512 of act July 1, 1944, and amended Apr. 26, 1983, Pub. L. 98–24, § 2(b)(9), 97 Stat. 179; renumbered § 513 and amended Oct. 19, 1984, Pub. L. 98–509, title II, §§ 206(a), 207(a), 98 Stat. 2361, 2362; Oct. 27, 1986, Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, § 4010(a), 100 Stat. 3207–115; July 22, 1987, Pub. L. 100–77, title VI, § 613(c), 101 Stat. 524; Nov. 4, 1988, Pub. L. 100–607, title VIII, § 822, 102 Stat. 3171; Nov. 7, 1988, Pub. L. 100–628, title VI, § 622, 102 Stat. 3244; Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, § 2056(a), 102 Stat. 4211; Aug. 16, 1989, Pub. L. 101–93, § 5(t)(1), 103 Stat. 615; Nov. 29, 1990, Pub. L. 101–645, title V, § 522, 104 Stat. 4734, authorized appropriations to carry out alcohol abuse and alcoholism research, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 102–321, § 122(d)[(e)].

A prior section 509 of act July 1, 1944, which was classified to section 290aa–7 of this title, was renumbered section 516 of act July 1, 1944, by Pub. L. 102–321 and transferred to section 290bb–22 of this title.

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–255, § 7004(1)(A), (C), in introductory provisions, substituted “use disorder” for “abuse” and, in concluding provisions, inserted “, contracts,” before “or cooperative agreements” and substituted “Indian tribes or tribal organizations (as such terms are defined in section 5304 of title 25), health facilities, or programs operated by or in accordance with a contract or grant with the Indian Health Service, or” for “Indian tribes and tribal organizations,”.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 114–255, § 7004(1)(B), inserted before period at end “that permit States, local governments, communities, and Indian tribes and tribal organizations (as the terms ‘Indian tribes’ and ‘tribal organizations’ are defined in section 5304 of title 25) to focus on emerging trends in substance abuse and co-occurrence of substance use disorders with mental illness or other conditions”.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 114–255, § 7004(2), substituted “use disorder” for “abuse” in pars. (1) and (2).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 114–255, § 7004(3), substituted “use disorder” for “abuse”.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 114–255, § 7004(4), substituted “$333,806,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022.” for “$300,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2002 and 2003.”

2000—Pub. L. 106–310 amended section catchline and text generally, substituting provisions relating to priority substance abuse treatment needs of regional and national significance for provisions relating to outpatient treatment programs for pregnant and postpartum women.

Effective Date

Section effective Oct. 1, 1992, with provision for programs providing financial assistance, see section 801(c), (d) of Pub. L. 102–321, set out as an Effective Date of 1992 Amendment note under section 236 of this title.