42 U.S. Code § 300ff–38 - Grants for partner notification programs
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(a) In general
In the case of States whose laws or regulations are in accordance with subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary, subject to subsection (c)(2) of this section, may make grants to the States for carrying out programs to provide partner counseling and referral services.
(b) Description of compliant State programs
For purposes of subsection (a) of this section, the laws or regulations of a State are in accordance with this subsection if under such laws or regulations (including programs carried out pursuant to the discretion of State officials) the following policies are in effect:
(1) The State requires that the public health officer of the State carry out a program of partner notification to inform partners of individuals with HIV/AIDS that the partners may have been exposed to the disease.
(A) In the case of a health entity that provides for the performance on an individual of a test for HIV/AIDS, or that treats the individual for the disease, the State requires, subject to subparagraph (B), that the entity confidentially report the positive test results to the State public health officer in a manner recommended and approved by the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with such additional information as may be necessary for carrying out such program.
(B) The State may provide that the requirement of subparagraph (A) does not apply to the testing of an individual for HIV/AIDS if the individual underwent the testing through a program designed to perform the test and provide the results to the individual without the individual disclosing his or her identity to the program. This subparagraph may not be construed as affecting the requirement of subparagraph (A) with respect to a health entity that treats an individual for HIV/AIDS.
(3) The program under paragraph (1) is carried out in accordance with the following:
(A) Partners are provided with an appropriate opportunity to learn that the partners have been exposed to HIV/AIDS, subject to subparagraph (B).
(C) Counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS are made available to the partners and to infected individuals, and such counseling includes information on modes of transmission for the disease, including information on prenatal and perinatal transmission and preventing transmission.
(D) Counseling of infected individuals and their partners includes the provision of information regarding therapeutic measures for preventing and treating the deterioration of the immune system and conditions arising from the disease, and the provision of other prevention-related information.
(E) Referrals for appropriate services are provided to partners and infected individuals, including referrals for support services and legal aid.
(F) Notifications under subparagraph (A) are provided in person, unless doing so is an unreasonable burden on the State.
(G) There is no criminal or civil penalty on, or civil liability for, an infected individual if the individual chooses not to identify the partners of the individual, or the individual does not otherwise cooperate with such program.
(H) The failure of the State to notify partners is not a basis for the civil liability of any health entity who under the program reported to the State the identity of the infected individual involved.
(4) The State annually reports to the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention the number of individuals from whom the names of partners have been sought under the program under paragraph (1), the number of such individuals who provided the names of partners, and the number of partners so named who were notified under the program.
(c) Reporting system for cases of HIV/AIDS; preference in making grants
Source(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XXVI, § 2631, as added Pub. L. 106–345, title II, § 221,Oct. 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 1343; amended Pub. L. 109–415, title II, § 210, title VII, §§ 702(3), 703,Dec. 19, 2006, 120 Stat. 2803, 2820; Pub. L. 111–87, § 2(a)(1), (3)(A),Oct. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 2885.)
2009—Pub. L. 111–87repealed Pub. L. 109–415, § 703, and revived the provisions of this section as in effect on Sept. 30, 2009. See 2006 Amendment note and Effective Date of 2009 Amendment; Revival of Section note below.
2006—Pub. L. 109–415, § 703, which directed repeal of this section effective Oct. 1, 2009, was itself repealed by Pub. L. 111–87, § 2(a)(1), effective Sept. 30, 2009.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 109–415, § 702(3), substituted “HIV/AIDS” for “HIV disease” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–415, § 210, substituted “there is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2007 through 2009.” for “there are authorized to be appropriated $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2002 through 2005.”
Effective Date of 2009 Amendment; Revival of Section
For provisions that repeal by section 2(a)(1) ofPub. L. 111–87of section 703 ofPub. L. 109–415be effective Sept. 30, 2009, and that the provisions of this section as in effect on Sept. 30, 2009, be revived, see section 2(a)(2), (3)(A) ofPub. L. 111–87, set out as a note under section 300ff–11 of this title.