(a) Definition of intractable water systemIn this section, the term “intractable water system” means a community water system or a noncommunity water system—
(2) the owner or operator of which—
is unable or unwilling to provide safe and adequate service to those individuals;
(3) that is, as of October 23, 2018—
in significant noncompliance with this chapter or any regulation promulgated pursuant to this chapter; or
listed as having a history of significant noncompliance with this subchapter pursuant to section 300g–9(b)(1) of this title.
(b) Study required
(1) In generalNot later than 2 years after October 23, 2018, the Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall complete a study that—
identifies intractable water systems; and
describes barriers to delivery of potable water to individuals served by an intractable water system.
(2) Report to Congress
Not later than 2 years after October 23, 2018, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report describing findings and recommendations based on the study under this subsection.