42 U.S. Code § 300j–24 - Lead contamination in school drinking water

(a) Distribution of drinking water cooler list

Within 100 days after October 31, 1988, the Administrator shall distribute to the States a list of each brand and model of drinking water cooler identified and listed by the Administrator under section 300j–23(a) of this title.

(b) Guidance document and testing protocol

The Administrator shall publish a guidance document and a testing protocol to assist public water systems and schools in determining the source and degree of lead contamination in school drinking water supplies and in remedying such contamination. The guidance document shall include guidelines for sample preservation. The guidance document shall also include guidance to assist States, schools, public water systems, and the general public in ascertaining the levels of lead contamination in drinking water coolers and in taking appropriate action to reduce or eliminate such contamination. The guidance document shall contain a testing protocol for the identification of drinking water coolers which contribute to lead contamination in drinking water. Such document and protocol may be revised, republished and redistributed as the Administrator deems necessary. The Administrator shall distribute the guidance document and testing protocol to the States within 100 days after October 31, 1988.

(c) Dissemination to schools, etc.

Each State shall provide for the dissemination to local educational agencies, private nonprofit elementary or secondary schools and to day care centers of the guidance document and testing protocol published under subsection (b), together with the list of drinking water coolers published under section 300j–23(a) of this title.

(d) Voluntary school and child care program lead testing and reduction grant program
(1) DefinitionsIn this subsection:
(A) Child care program

The term “child care program” has the meaning given the term “early childhood education program” in section 1003(8) of title 20.

(B) Local educational agencyThe term “local educational agency” means—
(ii)
a tribal education agency (as defined in section 5502 of title 20); and
(iii)
a person that owns or operates a child care program facility.
(2) Establishment
(A) In generalNot later than 180 days after December 16, 2016, the Administrator shall establish a voluntary school and child care program lead testing, compliance monitoring, and lead reduction grant program to make grants available to—
(i)
States to assist local educational agencies, public water systems that serve schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of those local educational agencies, and qualified nonprofit organizations in voluntary testing or compliance monitoring for and remediation of lead contamination in drinking water at schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of those local educational agencies; and
(ii)
tribal consortia to assist tribal education agencies (as defined in section 5502 of title 20), public water systems that serve schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of those tribal education agencies, and qualified nonprofit organizations in voluntary testing or compliance monitoring for and remediation of lead contamination in drinking water at schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of those tribal education agencies.
(B) Direct grants to local educational agenciesThe Administrator may make a grant for the voluntary testing or compliance monitoring for or remediation of lead contamination described in subparagraph (A) directly available to—
(i)
any local educational agency described in clause (i) or (iii) of paragraph (1)(B) located in a State that does not participate in the voluntary grant program established under subparagraph (A);
(ii)
any local educational agency described in clause (ii) of paragraph (1)(B);
(iii) any public water system that is located in a State that does not participate in the voluntary grant program established under subparagraph (A) that—
(I)
assists schools or child care programs in lead testing;
(II)
assists schools or child care programs with compliance monitoring;
(III)
assists schools with carrying out projects to remediate lead contamination in drinking water; or
(IV)
provides technical assistance to schools or child care programs in carrying out lead testing; or
(iv)
a qualified nonprofit organization, as determined by the Administrator.
(C) Technical assistanceIn carrying out the grant program under subparagraph (A), beginning not later than 1 year after October 23, 2018, the Administrator shall provide technical assistance to recipients of grants under this subsection—
(i)
to assist in identifying the source of lead contamination in drinking water at schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of the grant recipient;
(ii)
to assist in identifying and applying for other Federal and State grant programs that may assist the grant recipient in eliminating lead contamination described in clause (i);
(iii)
to provide information on other financing options in eliminating lead contamination described in clause (i); and
(iv)
to connect grant recipients with nonprofit and other organizations that may be able to assist with the elimination of lead contamination described in clause (i).
(3) Application

To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, a State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization shall submit to the Administrator an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Administrator may require.

(4) Priority

In making grants under this subsection, the Administrator shall give priority to States, local educational agencies, public water systems, tribal consortia, and qualified nonprofit organizations that will assist in voluntary testing for or the remediation of lead contamination in drinking water at schools and child care programs that are in low-income areas.

(5) Limitation on use of funds

Not more than 4 percent of grant funds accepted by a State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization for a fiscal year under this subsection shall be used to pay the administrative costs of carrying out this subsection.

(6) Guidance; public availabilityAs a condition of receiving a grant under this subsection, the recipient State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization shall ensure that each local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization to which grant funds are distributed shall—
(A) expend grant funds in accordance with—
(i)
the guidance of the Environmental Protection Agency entitled “3Ts for Reducing Lead in Drinking Water in Schools: Revised Technical Guidance” and dated October 2006 (or any successor guidance); or
(ii)
applicable State or tribal regulations or guidance regarding voluntary testing or compliance monitoring for and remediation of lead contamination in drinking water in schools and child care programs that are not less stringent than the guidance referred to in clause (i); and
(B)
(i)
make available, if applicable, in the administrative offices and, to the extent practicable, on the Internet website of the applicable local educational agency for inspection by the public (including teachers, other school personnel, and parents) a copy of the results of any voluntary testing for lead contamination in school and child care program drinking water carried out using grant funds under this subsection; and
(ii)
notify parent, teacher, and employee organizations of the availability of the results described in clause (i).
(7) Maintenance of effort

If resources are available to a State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization from any other Federal agency, a State, or a private foundation for testing or compliance monitoring for or remediation of lead contamination in drinking water, the State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization shall demonstrate that the funds provided under this subsection will not displace those resources.

(8) Authorization of appropriationsThere are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection—
(A)
$30,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;
(B)
$35,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
(C)
$40,000,000 for fiscal year 2024;
(D)
$45,000,000 for fiscal year 2025; and
(E)
$50,000,000 for fiscal year 2026.
Editorial Notes
Amendments

2021—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(1), inserted “public water systems and” after “protocol to assist” and “public water systems,” after “schools,”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(A), inserted “and reduction” after “lead testing” in heading.

Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(B)(i), substituted “the Administrator shall establish a voluntary school and child care program lead testing, compliance monitoring, and lead reduction grant program to make grants available to—” and cls. (i) and (ii) for “the Administrator shall establish a voluntary school and child care program lead testing grant program to make grants available to States to assist local educational agencies in voluntary testing for lead contamination in drinking water at schools and child care programs under the jurisdiction of the local educational agencies.”

Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(B)(ii)(I), inserted “or compliance monitoring for or remediation of lead contamination” after “voluntary testing” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(2)(B)(iii), (iv). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(B)(ii)(II)–(IV), added cls. (iii) and (iv).

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(C), substituted “State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization” for “State or local educational agency”.

Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(D), substituted “States, local educational agencies, public water systems, tribal consortia, and qualified nonprofit organizations” for “States and local educational agencies” and inserted “or the remediation of” after “testing for”.

Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(C), substituted “State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization” for “State or local educational agency”.

Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(E)(i)(II), inserted “, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization” after “each local educational agency” in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(E)(i)(I), which directed substitution of “State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit agency” for “State or local educational agency” in introductory provisions, could not be executed because of the intervening amendment by Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(C). See Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(C), substituted “State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization” for “State or local educational agency” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (d)(6)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(E)(ii), inserted “or tribal” after “applicable State” and substituted “voluntary testing or compliance monitoring for and remediation of lead contamination” for “reducing lead”.

Subsec. (d)(6)(B)(i). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(E)(iii), inserted “applicable” before “local educational agency”.

Subsec. (d)(7). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(C), (F), substituted “State, local educational agency, public water system, tribal consortium, or qualified nonprofit organization” for “State or local educational agency” in two places and “testing or compliance monitoring for or remediation of” for “testing for”.

Subsec. (d)(8). Pub. L. 117–58, § 50110(2)(G), added par. (8) and struck out former par. (8). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2019, and $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 and 2021.”

2018—Subsec. (d)(2)(C). Pub. L. 115–270, § 2006(a)(1), added subpar. (C).

Subsec. (d)(4) to (7). Pub. L. 115–270, § 2006(a)(2), (3), added par. (4) and redesignated former pars. (4) to (6) as (5) to (7), respectively. Former par. (7) redesignated (8).

Subsec. (d)(8). Pub. L. 115–270, § 2006(a)(2), (4), redesignated par. (7) as (8) and substituted “are authorized” for “is authorized” and “2019, and $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2020 and 2021” for “2021”.

2016—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–322 added subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which related to a remedial action program to assist local educational agencies in testing for, and remedying, lead contamination in drinking water at schools.

1996—Pub. L. 104–182 made technical amendment to section catchline and subsec. (a) designation.

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