42 U.S. Code § 3797q - Mental health and drug treatment alternatives to incarceration programs

§ 3797q.
Mental health and drug treatment alternatives to incarceration programs
(a) DefinitionsIn this section—
(1)
the term “eligible entity” means a State, unit of local government, Indian tribe, or nonprofit organization; and
(2) the term “eligible participant” means an individual who—
(A) comes into contact with the criminal justice system or is arrested or charged with an offense that is not—
(i)
a crime of violence, as defined under applicable State law or in section 3156 of title 18; or
(ii)
a serious drug offense, as defined in section 924(e)(2)(A) of title 18;
(B) has a history of, or a current—
(i)
substance use disorder;
(ii)
mental illness; or
(iii)
co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder; and
(C)
has been approved for participation in a program funded under this section by the relevant law enforcement agency, prosecuting attorney, defense attorney, probation official, corrections official, judge, representative of a mental health agency, or representative of a substance abuse agency, as required by law.
(b) Program authorizedThe Attorney General may make grants to eligible entities to develop, implement, or expand a treatment alternative to incarceration program for eligible participants, including—
(1) pre-booking treatment alternative to incarceration programs, including—
(A)
law enforcement training on substance use disorders, mental illness, and co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders;
(B)
receiving centers as alternatives to incarceration of eligible participants;
(C)
specialized response units for calls related to substance use disorders, mental illness, or co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders; and
(D)
other arrest and pre-booking treatment alternatives to incarceration models; or
(2) post-booking treatment alternative to incarceration programs, including—
(A)
specialized clinical case management;
(B)
pre-trial services related to substances [1] use disorders, mental illness, and co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders;
(C)
prosecutor and defender based programs;
(D)
specialized probation;
(E)
treatment and rehabilitation programs; and
(F)
problem-solving courts, including mental health courts, drug courts, co-occurring mental health and substance abuse courts, DWI courts, and veterans treatment courts.
(c) Application
(1) In generalAn eligible entity desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Attorney General—
(A)
that meets the criteria under paragraph (2); and
(B)
at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Attorney General may require.
(2) CriteriaAn eligible entity, in submitting an application under paragraph (1), shall—
(A)
provide extensive evidence of collaboration with State and local government agencies overseeing health, community corrections, courts, prosecution, substance abuse, mental health, victims services, and employment services, and with local law enforcement agencies;
(B)
demonstrate consultation with the Single State Authority for Substance Abuse of the State (as that term is defined in section 17521(e) of this title);
(C)
demonstrate that evidence-based treatment practices will be utilized; and
(D)
demonstrate that evidence-based screening and assessment tools will be used to place participants in the treatment alternative to incarceration program.
(d) RequirementsEach eligible entity awarded a grant for a treatment alternative to incarceration program under this section shall—
(1)
determine the terms and conditions of participation in the program by eligible participants, taking into consideration the collateral consequences of an arrest, prosecution or criminal conviction;
(2)
ensure that each substance abuse and mental health treatment component is licensed and qualified by the relevant jurisdiction;
(3) for programs described in subsection (b)(2), organize an enforcement unit comprised of appropriately trained law enforcement professionals under the supervision of the State, Tribal, or local criminal justice agency involved, the duties of which shall include—
(A)
the verification of addresses and other contact information of each eligible participant who participates or desires to participate in the program; and
(B)
if necessary, the location, apprehension, arrest, and return to custody of an eligible participant in the program who has absconded from the facility of a treatment provider or has otherwise significantly violated the terms and conditions of the program, consistent with Federal and State confidentiality requirements;
(4)
notify the relevant criminal justice entity if any eligible participant in the program absconds from the facility of the treatment provider or otherwise violates the terms and conditions of the program, consistent with Federal and State confidentiality requirements;
(5)
submit periodic reports on the progress of treatment or other measured outcomes from participation in the program of each eligible participant in the program to the relevant State, Tribal, or local criminal justice agency, including mental health courts, drug courts, co-occurring mental health and substance abuse courts, DWI courts, and veterans treatment courts;
(6)
describe the evidence-based methodology and outcome measurements that will be used to evaluate the program, and specifically explain how such measurements will provide valid measures of the impact of the program; and
(7)
describe how the program could be broadly replicated if demonstrated to be effective.
(e) Use of fundsAn eligible entity shall use a grant received under this section for expenses of a treatment alternative to incarceration program, including—
(1)
salaries, personnel costs, equipment costs, and other costs directly related to the operation of the program, including the enforcement unit;
(2)
payments for treatment providers that are approved by the relevant State or Tribal jurisdiction and licensed, if necessary, to provide needed treatment to eligible offenders participating in the program, including aftercare supervision, vocational training, education, and job placement; and
(3)
payments to public and nonprofit private entities that are approved by the State or Tribal jurisdiction and licensed, if necessary, to provide alcohol and drug addiction treatment to eligible offenders participating in the program.
(f) Supplement not supplant

An eligible entity shall use Federal funds received under this section only to supplement the funds that would, in the absence of those Federal funds, be made available from other Federal and non-Federal sources for the activities described in this section, and not to supplant those funds. The Federal share of a grant made under this section may not exceed 50 percent of the total costs of the program described in an application under subsection (d).

(g) Geographic distributionThe Attorney General shall ensure that, to the extent practicable, the geographical distribution of grants under this section is equitable and includes a grant to an eligible entity in—
(1)
each State;
(2)
rural, suburban, and urban areas; and
(3)
Tribal jurisdictions.
(h) Reports and evaluations

Each fiscal year, each recipient of a grant under this section during that fiscal year shall submit to the Attorney General a report on the outcomes of activities carried out using that grant in such form, containing such information, and on such dates as the Attorney General shall specify.

(i) AccountabilityAll grants awarded by the Attorney General under this section shall be subject to the following accountability provisions:
(1) Audit requirement
(A) Definition

In this paragraph, the term “unresolved audit finding” means a finding in the final audit report of the Inspector General of the Department of Justice that the audited grantee has utilized grant funds for an unauthorized expenditure or otherwise unallowable cost that is not closed or resolved within 12 months from the date on which the final audit report is issued.

(B) Audits

Beginning in the first fiscal year beginning after December 13, 2016, and in each fiscal year thereafter, the Inspector General of the Department of Justice shall conduct audits of recipients of grants under this section to prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of funds by grantees. The Inspector General shall determine the appropriate number of grantees to be audited each year.

(C) Mandatory exclusion

A recipient of grant funds under this section that is found to have an unresolved audit finding shall not be eligible to receive grant funds under this section during the first 2 fiscal years beginning after the end of the 12-month period described in subparagraph (A).

(D) Priority

In awarding grants under this section, the Attorney General shall give priority to eligible applicants that did not have an unresolved audit finding during the 3 fiscal years before submitting an application for a grant under this section.

(E) ReimbursementIf an entity is awarded grant funds under this section during the 2-fiscal-year period during which the entity is barred from receiving grants under subparagraph (C), the Attorney General shall—
(i)
deposit an amount equal to the amount of the grant funds that were improperly awarded to the grantee into the General Fund of the Treasury; and
(ii)
seek to recoup the costs of the repayment to the fund from the grant recipient that was erroneously awarded grant funds.
(2) Nonprofit organization requirements
(A) Definition

For purposes of this paragraph and the grant programs under this subchapter, the term “nonprofit organization” means an organization that is described in section 501(c)(3) of title 26 and is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such title.

(B) Prohibition

The Attorney General may not award a grant under this subchapter to a nonprofit organization that holds money in offshore accounts for the purpose of avoiding paying the tax described in section 511(a) of title 26.

(C) Disclosure

Each nonprofit organization that is awarded a grant under this section and uses the procedures prescribed in regulations to create a rebuttable presumption of reasonableness for the compensation of its officers, directors, trustees, and key employees, shall disclose to the Attorney General, in the application for the grant, the process for determining such compensation, including the independent persons involved in reviewing and approving such compensation, the comparability data used, and contemporaneous substantiation of the deliberation and decision. Upon request, the Attorney General shall make the information disclosed under this subparagraph available for public inspection.

(3) Conference expenditures
(A) Limitation

No amounts made available to the Department of Justice under this section may be used by the Attorney General, or by any individual or entity awarded discretionary funds through a cooperative agreement under this section, to host or support any expenditure for conferences that uses more than $20,000 in funds made available by the Department of Justice, unless the head of the relevant agency or department, provides prior written authorization that the funds may be expended to host the conference.

(B) Written approval

Written approval under subparagraph (A) shall include a written estimate of all costs associated with the conference, including the cost of all food, beverages, audio-visual equipment, honoraria for speakers, and entertainment.

(C) Report

The Deputy Attorney General shall submit an annual report to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives on all conference expenditures approved under this paragraph.

(4) Annual certificationBeginning in the first fiscal year beginning after December 13, 2016, the Attorney General shall submit, to the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, an annual certification—
(A) indicating whether—
(i)
all audits issued by the Office of the Inspector General under paragraph (1) have been completed and reviewed by the appropriate Assistant Attorney General or Director;
(ii)
all mandatory exclusions required under paragraph (1)(C) have been issued; and
(iii)
all reimbursements required under paragraph (1)(E) have been made; and
(B)
that includes a list of any grant recipients excluded under paragraph (1) from the previous year.
(5) Preventing duplicative grants
(A) In general

Before the Attorney General awards a grant to an applicant under this section, the Attorney General shall compare potential grant awards with other grants awarded under this Act to determine if duplicate grant awards are awarded for the same purpose.

(B) ReportIf the Attorney General awards duplicate grants to the same applicant for the same purpose the Attorney General shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report that includes—
(i)
a list of all duplicate grants awarded, including the total dollar amount of any duplicate grants awarded; and
(ii)
the reason the Attorney General awarded the duplicate grants.
(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2901, as added Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title XIV, § 14013, Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1298.)


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “substance”.
References in Text

This Act, referred to in subsec. (i)(5)(A), is Pub. L. 90–351, June 19, 1968, 82 Stat. 197, known as the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3711 of this title and Tables.

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 3797q to 3797q–6 were repealed by Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title XIV, § 14013, Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1298.

Section 3797q, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2901, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 672, authorized the Attorney General to make grants for qualified drug treatment programs as alternatives to imprisonment.

Section 3797q–1, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2902, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 672, related to use of grant funds.

Section 3797q–2, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2903, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 673, related to grant applications.

Section 3797q–3, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2904, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 673, related to the Federal share of the total costs of the qualified drug treatment program funded under this subchapter.

Section 3797q–4, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2905, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 673, related to geographic distribution of grants.

Section 3797q–5, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2906, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 673, related to reports and evaluations by grant recipients.

Section 3797q–6, Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 2907, as added Pub. L. 110–199, title I, § 112(a), Apr. 9, 2008, 122 Stat. 674, defined terms for purposes of this subchapter.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


28 CFR - Judicial Administration

28 CFR Part 33 - BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.