U.S. Code: Title 46 - SHIPPING

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 98–89, § 1, Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 500; Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5101, Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1913; Pub. L. 100–424, § 6, Sept. 9, 1988, 102 Stat. 1591; Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 102, Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4738; Pub. L. 109–304, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1485

Current through 114-100not94not95

Amendments

2006—Pub. L. 109–304, § 3, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1485, amended title analysis generally, adding item IV, substituting “50101” for “53101” in item V, adding item VI, substituting “SECURITY AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT” for “MISCELLANEOUS” in item VII, and adding item VIII.

Pub. L. 109–241, title IX, § 901(k)(2), July 11, 2006, 120 Stat. 565, redesignated item VI “MISCELLANEOUS” as item VII.

2003—Pub. L. 108–136, div. C, title XXXV, § 3531(b), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1817, added item V.

2002—Pub. L. 107–295, title I, § 102(b), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2084, added item VI.

1988—Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 102(b), Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4738, amended title analysis generally, substituting “GENERAL” for “[Reserved—general]” in item I and adding item III.

Disposition Table

(Showing Disposition of Former Sections of Title 46 or Title 46 Appendix)

Title 46 or Title 46 Appendix

Former Sections

Title 46

New Sections

1

Rep.

2

2103

3 note prec. (Act 12-27-1950, §§ 1, 2)

501

3

Rep.

4

2105

5, 6

Rep.

7

2107

8

2108

9(a), (b)

3316

9(c)

Rep.

9(d)

3316

11, 12

Rep.

13

Rep.

14 (words before last proviso)

12107

14 (last proviso)

12151

15–41

Rep.

42

60103

43–56

Rep.

57

60102

58

Rep.

59

Rep.

60–63

Rep.

65(1)

2101(10)

65(2)

2101(11)

65(3)

2101(34)

65a

12113

65b

12102

65c

12114

65d

12115

65e

12103

65f

12116

65g

12104

65h

12105

65i

12106

65j

12107

65k

12108

65l

12109

65m

12110

65n

12122

65o

12111

65p

12112

65q

12117

65r

12118

65s

12119

65t

12120

65u

2107, 12122(a)

65v(1)

2104

65v(2)

12121

65w

12101

71

12102, 14102, 14104, 14501, 14502, 14504, 14511, 14521, 14522

72

14503

73, 74

Rep.

75

14512

76

Rep.

77

14502, 14512

78, 79

Rep.

80

(See former 660–1)

81

14306

82

3101

83

14502, 14513

83a–83g

14513

83h

14102

83i

14702

83j

14701

83k

2107

85–85g

Rep.

86

5114, 5115

86a

5101

86b

5102

86c

5102, 5103, 5104, 5106

86d

5107

86e

5108

86f

5109

86g

5112

86h

5113

86i

5116

88

5102

88a

5104, 5108

88b

5103, 5107

88c

5112

88d

5109

88e

5112

88f

5113

88g

5116

88h, 88i

Rep.

91

60105

91a–96

Rep.

97

60106

98

60109

99

Rep.

100

60107

101, 102

Rep.

103

Rep.

104

60504

105–110

Rep.

111

Elim.

112, 113

Rep.

121 (1st sentence)

60302

121 (2d sentence)

60301

121 (3d sentence related to distress)

60305

121 (3d sentence related to trade)

60306

121 (4th sentence)

60302

121 (5th sentence words before semicolon)

60302

121 (5th sentence words after semicolon)

60304

121 (last sentence words before semicolon)

60312

121 (last sentence words after semicolon)

60302

122

60307

123

60308

124

60309

125

60310

126, 127

Rep.

128, 129

60303

130, 131

Rep.

132

60301

133, 134

60311

135

60312

141

60503

142

60505

143

60506

144, 145

60507

146

60502

151–162

Rep.

163

60101

170

3306(a)(5), Rep. in part

170(14)

2106

170a, 170b

Rep.

171–175

Rep.

178, 179

Rep.

181

30503

182

30504

183(a)

30505

183(b) (1st sentence)

30506

183(b) (last sentence)

30507

183(c)–(e)

30506

183(f) (related to 46 App.:183(b)–(e))

30506

183(f) (related to 46 App.:183b)

30508

183(g)

30510

183a

Rep.

183b

30508

183c

30509

184

30507

185

30511

186

30501

187

30512

188

30502

189

30505

190

30704

191

30705

192

30706

193

30703

194

30707

195

30702

196

Rep.

201

11301

202

11302

203

11303

211

8501(a)

212

8501(b)

213

8501(c), (e)

214

7101

214(c)

7106

215

8501(d), 8502

216(a)

9301(2)

216(b)

2101(34)

216(c)

9301(3)

216(d)

9301(1)

216(e), (f)

Rep.

216a

9302(a), (b), (d)

216b(a)–(c)

9303

216b(d)

9305

216b(e)

9304

216c

9303

216d

9305

216e(a)–(c)

9308

216e(d)

2107

216e(e)

2106

216f

9302(c)

216g

9306

216h

9307

216i

Rep.

221

8103

222

8101

223

8301

224

7101, 8101

224a

8303, 8304

224a(2)

7111

225

7106, 7109, 7113

226

7101, 7106, 7703

227

Rep.

228

7101, 7106, 7703

229

7101, 7106, 7703

229a

7101, 7103

229b

7101, 7103

229c

7106, 7108, 7318

229d

Rep.

229e

7105

229f

7110

229g

7103, 7318

229h

Rep.

230

7112

231

7105

232

7110

233

7109

234

3315

235

8104

236

8103

237, 238

Rep.

239

6101, 6301, 7703

239(d)

6303

239(e)

6304, 7705

239(f)

6304

239(g)

6305, 7701

239(i)

6306

239(j)

6301, 6307

239(k)

6305

239a(a)

7503(a), 7704(a)

239a(b)

2101(34)

239a(c)

7302

239b(a)

7503(b)

239b(b)

7704(b), (c)

240

7703

241

8304

242

7101, 7102, 8302(a)–(d)

243

7101, 7104, 7107, 7108

244

7101, 7105

245

8302(g), (h)

246(a)

8302(a)–(d)

246(b)

Rep.

246(c)

7703

247

7101

248

8302

249–249c

Rep.

251, 251a

55114

251b

Rep.

252–262

Rep.

263–276

Rep.

277

12133

278–288

Rep.

289

55103

289a, 289b

55121

289c

55104

290

Rep.

291

55120

292

55109

293–293b

Rep.

294–315

Rep.

316(a), (b)

55111

316(c)

55118

316(d), (e)

80104

316a

55112

317, 318

Rep.

319

T. 19 § 1706a

320–325

Rep.

326

502

327

503

328

Rep.

329, 330

Rep.

331

2110

332–336

Rep.

351–353

Rep.

354, 355

60104

361

2101(16), (37)

362

2109, 3301(9), 3314

362(a)

3303

362(b)

3504

362(c)

3505

363

2109

364

8502

365

Rep.

366

3306

367

2101(16), (33), 2303, 3301(7), 3302

369

3305, 3306, 3316

369(b)

3503

369(e)

3318

371

Rep.

372

2103

373–374a

Rep.

375

3306

376–382a–1

Rep.

382b

2104, 2111, 2112

382b–1

3317(b)

382c–385

Rep.

390

3302, 3304

390(a)

2101(21)(B)

390(b)

2101(35)

390(d)

2101(34)

390(e)

2101(13)

390(f)

2101(27)

390(g)

2101(30)

390(h)

2101(28)

390(i)

2101(29)

390a

3301(4), (5), (8), 3305

390a(a)

3307(2)

390a(b)

3317(a), 7114

390b

3306, 8901, 8902

390c

3303(a), 3309, 3311

390c(b), (c)

3313

390d

2106, 3318(a), 8906

390e–390g

Rep.

391

3301(1), (4), (9), 3304, 3305

391(b)

3307(3)

391(c)

2101(22), 3307(1)

391(e)

3302

391a

3301(10), 3702, 8502

391a(2)(A)

2101(9)

391a(2)(B)

2101(12)

391a(2)(C)

2101(14)

391a(2)(D)

2101(15)

391a(2)(E)

2101(20)

391a(2)(F)

3701(4)

391a(2)(G)

2101(24)

391a(2)(H)

2101(5)

391a(2)(I)

2101(34)

391a(2)(J)

3701(5)

391a(2)(K)

3701(6)

391a(2)(L)

2101(46)

391a(2)(M)

2101(38)

391a(2)(N)

2101(8)

391a(2)(O)

2101(23)

391a(2)(P)

3701(2)

391a(2)(Q)

3701(3)

391a(2)(R)

3701(1)

391a(2)(S)

2101(7)

391a(3)

2101(39), 2301, 3303, 3702(a)

391a(4)

2109

391a(4)(B)

8703(c)

391a(5)

3702

391a(6)

3703

391a(7)

3704–3709

391a(8)

3309, 3313

391a(8)(A)

3710, 3712

391a(8)(B)

3711, 3712

391a(8)(C)

3711

391a(8)(D)

3710

391a(8)(E)

3710, 3711

391a(9)

9102

391a(10)(A)

8703(a)

391a(10)(B)

9101(b)

391a(10)(C)

7317, 8703(b)

391a(10)(D)

Rep. See 7701 et seq.

391a(11)

9101(a)

391a(12)

3703

391a(13)

3713

391a(14)

2107, 3718

391a(14)(C)

2106

391a(15)

3714

391a(16)

3717

391a(17)

3715

391a(18)

3716

391b

Rep.

392

3304–3306

392(b)

3307(3)

393, 394

Rep.

395

3301(6), 3305, 3311

395(d)

3309

395(e)

2101(32)

396, 397

Rep.

398

3318

399

3309, 3311, 3314

400

3312

401, 402

Rep.

403

3318

404

2101(13), (16), (17), 3301(1), 3302, 3306, 3307

404–1

3301(3), 3305, 3501

404–1(1)

2101(19)

404–1(4)

2101(21)(C)

404–1(6)

3307(2), (3)

404–1(8)

8301

404a

Rep.

405

2101(40), 3301(9), 3305

405(b)

8104

405(b)(1)(A)

2101(34)

405(b)(2)

8904

405(b)(3)

8905(b)

406

3305

407

3305, 3318

408

3305, 3306, 3318

409

Rep.

410

3318

411, 412

3306

413

3318

414

3310, 7502

415

Rep.

416

2104, 3306

417

(See former 416)

418, 419

Rep.

420

3302, 3306

431–434

Rep.

435

3308, 3313

436

2106, 3318

437–440

Rep.

441(1)

2101(18), 50503

441(2)

2101(31), 50503

442

3302

443

50503

444

8701, 50503

445

2113, 3306

446–446c

50504

446 note (Pub. L. 97–322, § 201)

Rep.

446d

8101

451

3501

452

3501(b), (c)

453

2113

454–457

T. 33 §§ 1233–1236

458

Rep.

459

3306

460, 460a, 461

3502

462

2106, 3501, 3502

463, 463a, 464

Rep.

465

(See former 170)

466

Rep.

466a

3901

466b

3902

466c

T. 15 § 1824a

467–469

Rep.

470, 471

8102

472

Rep.

473

3306

474–476

Rep.

477–479

3306

480

2301

481

2106, 3306

481(a)

2101(34)

481(c)

2106

481(d)

3318

482, 483

3306

484–488

Rep.

489

3306

490

Rep.

491 (words before semicolon)

30102

491 (words after semicolon)

30103

492

3506

493–496

Rep.

497

2106, 3318, 8502

498

Rep.

511–522

Rep.

526

2101(43)

526a–526d

Rep.

526e

4102(b)

526f

Rep.

526g

4102(a)

526h

4103

526i

4102(c)

526j

4102(d)

526k–526n

Rep.

526o

2106, 2107, 4106

526p

2107, 3306, 4104

526q–526t

Rep.

526u

4101

527–527h

Rep.

531

10601

532

Rep. See 11501

533, 534

10602

541–542a

Rep.

543

2104

544, 545

Rep.

546

10102

547–549

Rep.

561, 562

Rep.

563

11110

564

10301, 10302

565

10305

566

10301

567, 568

10321

569

10309

570

10308

571

10321

572, 573

Rep.

574

10301, 10501, 10502

575

10508

576

10509

577

10307

578

11107

579

Rep.

591

10313(a)

592

10313(b)

593

10313(b)

594

10313(c)

595

10313(d)

596

10313(e)–(i), 10504

597

2101(12), 10313(e)–(i), 10504

598

10313(e), 10504(a), (d), 10505(d)

599

2101(12), 10314, 10315, 10505, 10506

599(g)

10316

600

10317

601

11108, 11109

602

11111

603–608, 611

Rep.

621

10701, 10702

622

10703

623

10711

624

10704, 10705

625

10706

626

10707

627

10709

628

10708, 10710

641, 642

10310

643

8701, 8702, 10102(c), 10311, 10503

643(a)

7302, 7303, 7318

643(b)

7304

643(c)

7302, 10306

643(e)

10311

643(f)

7319, 7502

643(h)

7501

643(l)

7316, 10103

643a

8701

643b

Rep.

644

10312(a), (b), (d)–(f)

645, 646, 651

Rep.

652

10312(c)

653

10901, 10902(a), 10907

654

10901, 10903(a), (b)

655

10901, 10904

656

10901, 10905

657

10905

658

10901, 10906, 10908

659

10903(c)

660

10903(d)

660–1

11101

660a

3305, 3308

660b

3308

661

10321

662

10902(b)

663

Rep.

664

10907

665

10321, 11106(b)–(d)

666

11102(a)

667

11102(b)

668, 669

Rep.

670, 671

11103

672

8701, 8702

672(a)

2101(34)

672(b)

7306

672(b)(1)

7307

672(b)(2)

7308

672(b)(3)

7309, 7310

672(b)(4)

7311

672(c)

7301, 7315

672(d)

8702(d)

672(e)

8702(b), (c)

672(f)

7312

672(g)

7313, 7314

672(h)

8103

672(i)

7302

672(j)

2106, 8702(e)

672–1, 672–2

Rep.

672a

8103

672b, 672b–1, 672c

Rep.

673

8104

674–677

Rep.

678

11104(a)

679

11104(b)–(d)

680, 681

Rep.

682

10318, 10507

683

10318, 10507

684

11105

685

11106(a)

686, 687

Rep.

688(a)

30104

688(b)

30105

689

2103, 2104

690

8103

691

Sec. 2(f) of Pub. L. 98–89

692

Rep.

701

11501

702

11502

703

11503

704

T. 18 § 2196

705

11504

706

11505

707

10319

708

T. 18 § 2279

709

Rep.

710

11506

710a

Rep.

710b

(See former 239a)

710c

(See former 239b)

711

Rep.

712

11507

713

10101, 10303, 10304

721

80101

722, 723

80103

724

80102

725

80105

726

80106

727

80107

728

2304

729, 730

80107

731

2304, 80107

732–735

Rep.

738

80301

738a

80302

738b

Rep.

738c

80303

738d

Rep.

740

30101

741 (11th–26th words)

30902

741 (less 11th–26th words)

30908

742 (1st sentence)

30903

742 (2d sentence)

30906

742 (3d sentence)

30903

742 (last sentence)

30906

743 (1st sentence)

30907

743 (2d, 3d sentences)

30911

743 (4th–6th sentences)

30907

743 (last sentence)

30909

743a

Rep.

744

30914

745 (words before 1st proviso)

30905

745 (1st proviso)

30904

745 (2d proviso)

Rep.

745 (last proviso)

30911

746

30910

747

30915

748

30913

749

30912

750

30916

751

30917

752

30918

761(a)

30302

761(b)

30307

762(a)

30303

762(b)

30307

763

Rep.

763a

30106

764

30306

765

30305

766

30304

767

30308

768

Rep.

781

31102

782 (1st sentence)

31104

782 (last sentence words before last comma)

31103

782 (last sentence words after last comma)

31107

783 (words before proviso)

31102

783 (proviso)

31105

784

31110

785

31111

786

31108

787

31109

788

31112

789

31106

790

31113

791–799

Rep.

801

Rep.

802

50501

803

50502

804

Rep.

804a

Rep.

805–807

Rep.

808(4th par., prior to amendment by Pub. L. 100–710)

31328

808(a)

Rep.

808(b)

57109

808(c)–(f)

56101

808a

56101

809–810a

Rep.

811 (1st sentence words before 1st comma)

50105

811 (1st sentence words after 1st comma)

50106

811 (2d sentence words before 2d comma)

50105

811 (2d sentence words after 2d comma)

50107

811 (3d sentence)

50106

811 (4th sentence)

50109

811 (last sentence)

50111

812–817c

Rep.

817d(a) (1st–5th, 29th–last words)

44103

817d(a) (6th–28th words)

44101

817d(b)

44103

817d(c)

44104

817d(d)

44106

817d(e)

44105

817e(a) (1st–14th, 37th–last words)

44102

817e(a) (15th–36th words)

44101

817e(b)

44102

817e(c)

44104

817e(d)

44106

817e(e)

44105

818–832

Rep.

833, 833a

Rep.

834

60108

835

56102

836, 837

56105

838

31306

839 (1st par.)

56103

839 (last par.)

56104

840–841c

Rep.

842

Rep.

843–848

Rep.

861

50101

862–864

Rep.

864a

Rep.

864b

57108

865

Rep.

865a

53101 note

866

Rep.

867

50302

868, 869

Rep.

870–870d

Rep.

871

57106

872

50304

873, 874

Rep.

875

50304

876(a)(1)

Rep.

876(a)(2)

42101

876(a)(3)

42102

876(b), (c)

42102

876(d)

42103

876(e)

42101

876(f), (g)

42104

876(h)

42105

876(i)

42106

876(j)

42107

876(k)

42108

876(l )

42109

877

55101

877 note (Proc. No. 3215, Dec. 12, 1957)

55101

878–880

Rep.

881

3305, 3316, 12119

882

3304

883 (words before 1st proviso)

55102

883 (1st proviso, 2d proviso less meaning of “rebuilt”)

12132

883 (2d proviso related to meaning of “rebuilt”)

12101

883 (3d proviso)

55116

883 (4th proviso)

55119

883 (5th proviso)

55117

883 (6th proviso)

55107

883 (7th proviso)

55106

883 (8th proviso)

Rep.

883 (2d–6th sentences, last sentence less provisos)

55105

883 (10th proviso)

55115

883 (11th proviso)

55102

883 (12th proviso)

55110

883 (last proviso)

55108

883 note (Pub. L. 104–324, § 1120(f))

12120

883–1

12118

883a (1st sentence)

12139

883a (2d, last sentences)

12151

883b

Rep.

884

58108

885

T. 15 § 38

886

Rep.

887–889

Rep.

891

50101

891a

Rep.

891b

57106

891c–891y

Rep.

911(1), (2)

30101(1)

911(3)

Rep.

911(4)

30101(1)

911(5)

31301(3)

921

31321(a)(1), (e)

922(a), (b)

31322(a)(1)

922(b)

31301(6)(A)

922(c), (d)

Rep.

922(e), (f)

31322(c)

923

31324

924

31323(a), (b)

925

31343

925(b)

31321(f), (h)

926(a), (b)

31321(b)

926(c)

Rep.

926(d)

31322(b)

927

31302(1), (2)

941(a)

Rep.

941(b) (1st sentence)

31330(a), (c)

941(b) (last sentence)

31323(c)

941(c)

31304

951 (1st par.)

31325(a), (b)(1), (c), (d)

951 (2d par. less proviso)

31301(6)(B)

951 (2d par. proviso)

31326(b)(2)

952 (1st, 2d sentences)

31325(e)

952 (last sentence)

31308

953(a)

31301(5)

953(b)

31326(a), (b)(1)

954(a)

31325(b)(2)

954(b)

31303

961(a)

Rep.

961(b)

31327

961(c)

31326(a)

961(d), (e)

31328

961(f)

31329

971

31342

972

31341

973

31341(a)

974

31305

975

31307

981–984

Rep.

1011

Rep.

1012

31321(a)(2)

1013, 1014

Rep.

1101

50101

1111(a), (b)

Rep.

1111(c) (related to seal)

301

1111(c) (related to records)

303

1111(c) (related to rules and regulations)

305

1111(d) (related to Commission)

307

1111(d) (related to Secretary)

Rep.

1111(e)

Rep.

1111(f) (1st, last sentences)

Rep.

1111(f) (2d sentence related to Commission)

Rep.

1111(f) (2d sentence related to Secretary)

T. 49 § 109

1111 note (Pub. L. 89–56)

301

1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1949)

301

1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 21 of 1950, §§ 201, 203, 204)

T. 49 § 109

1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, §§ 101, 102(a)–(c), 104, 105(d))

301

1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, § 102(d))

302

1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, § 105(a)–(c))

304

1111 note (Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, § 201)

T. 49 § 109

1111a–1111c

Rep.

1112

50303

1113

Rep.

1114

Rep.

1115

58107

1116, 1116a

Rep.

1117 (related to Commission)

Rep.

1117 (related to Secretary)

T. 49 § 109

1118 (related to Commission)

306

1118 (related to Secretary)

50111

1118 note (Pub. L. 106–398, [§ 3506])

50111

1119

T. 49 § 109

1119a, 1119b

Rep.

1120

50102

1121(a)–(c)

50103

1121(d)

50105

1121(e)

50106

1121(f)

50109

1121(g)

50106

1121(h), (i)

50109

1121(j) (words before 1st semicolon)

50105

1121(j) (words between 1st and 2d semicolons)

50110

1121(j) (words after 2d semicolon)

50109

1121–1

55301

1121–2

50112

1122(a)

50104

1122(b)(1)

50110

1122(b)(2)

50105

1122(c)

50105

1122(d)

50110, T. 49 § 109

1122(e)

Rep.

1122(f)

50108

1122(g)

50111

1122a

50113

1122b

55501

1123

50109

1124

50306

1125

57105

1125 note (Pub. L. 86–518, § 9)

57105, 57506

1125a

57107

1126

Rep.

1126–1(a) (1st sentence)

51101

1126–1(a) (last sentence), (b)

51104

1126a, 1126a–1

Rep.

1126b, 1126b–1

Rep.

1126c, 1126d

Rep.

1127–1128h

Rep.

1131

53101 note

1132 (prior provision)

8103

1132(a) (prior provision)

7102

1132 (added by Pub. L. 104–239)

52101

1141–1144

Rep.

1145

Rep.

1151–1155

53101 note

1155a

Rep.

1156, 1157

53101 note

1158(a)

57102

1158(b)

57103

1159

53101 note

1160(a)

57301

1160(b) (1st sentence)

57302

1160(b) (2d sentence)

57304

1160(b) (3d sentence)

57305

1160(b) (4th–7th sentences)

57306

1160(b) (last sentence)

57302

1160(c)

57303

1160(d)

57305

1160(e)

57307

1160(f)

50111

1160(g)

57308

1160(h)

Rep.

1160(i)

57104

1160(j)

57101

1161(a)

53301

1161(b) (1st sentence words before 6th comma)

53302

1161(b) (1st sentence words between 6th and 10th commas)

53303

1161(b) (1st sentence between 10th and 16th commas)

53302

1161(b) (1st sentence words after 16th comma)

53305

1161(b) (last sentence)

53302

1161(c)

53306

1161(d)

53307

1161(e)

53308

1161(f)

53309

1161(g), (h)

53310

1161(i)

53311

1161(j)

53312

1161(k)

Rep.

1161(l )

53304

1161(m)–(o)

53301

1162, 1171–1176

53101 note

1177(a) (1st sentence)

53503

1177(a) (2d sentence related to purpose)

53503

1177(a) (2d sentence related to deposits)

53504

1177(a) (last sentence)

53504

1177(b)(1), (2)

53505

1177(b)(3)

53501

1177(c)

53506

1177(d)

53507

1177(e)

53508

1177(f)

53509

1177(g)

53510

1177(h) (less (2) (last sentence))

53511

1177(h)(2) (last sentence)

53512

1177(i)

53513

1177(j)

53514

1177(k)(1)–(3)

53501

1177(k)(4)

Rep.

1177(k)(5)–(9)

53501

1177(l ) (1st sentence)

53515

1177(l ) (2d sentence)

53502

1177(l ) (last sentence)

53516

1177(m)

53517

1177–1

53501

1177a

Rep.

1178–1181

53101 note

1182

Rep.

1183–1185a

53101 note

1187–1187e

Rep.

1191

57501

1192

57502

1193(a)

57503

1193(b)

57502

1193(c) (related to construction, reconstruction, or reconditioning)

57503

1193(c) (related to chartering)

57512

1194

57504

1195 (1st, 2d sentences)

57505

1195 (last sentence)

57506

1196(a)

57512

1196(b) (1st sentence related to announcement)

57512

1196(b) (1st sentence related to authority)

57515

1196(b) (last sentence)

57513

1197

57515

1198

57516

1199

57517

1200

57518

1201

57511

1202(a)

57519

1202(b), (c)

57520

1202(d)

57521

1203

57514

1204

57531

1205

57532

1206

Rep.

1211, 1212

53101 note

1213(a) (less 3d sentence as related to 1121(a))

53101 note

1213(a) (3d sentence related to 1121(a))

50103

1213(b)

T. 49 § 109

1214

Rep.

1221

Rep.

1222

Rep.

1223(a)

58101

1223(b)

58102

1223(c)

Rep.

1223(d)

58103

1223(e)

Rep.

1223(f)

58104

1224, 1225

Rep.

1226

58105

1227

58106

1228 (1st, 2d pars.)

58109

1228 (last par.)

505

1241(a)

55302

1241(b)

55305

1241(c)

55303

1241–1

55304

1241a, 1241b

50301

1241b note (limitation on funds for fiscal year 1957)

50301

1241c

50301

1241d

55311

1241e

55313

1241f(a)–(d)

55314

1241f(e)

55312

1241g

55315

1241h

55316

1241h note (Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(a) [title V, § 501])

55316

1241i

Rep.

1241j

55317

1241k–1241n

Rep.

1241o

55314

1241p

55318

1241q

55333

1241r

55332

1241s

55334

1241t(a), (c)

55335

1241t(b)

55336

1241u

Rep.

1241v

55331

1242(a) (1st, 2d sentences)

56301

1242(a) (3d sentence)

56303

1242(a) (4th sentence)

56307

1242(a) (last sentence)

56303

1242(b)

56303

1242(c) (1st sentence)

56302

1242(c) (2d sentence)

56304

1242(c) (last sentence)

56303

1242(d) (1st par. words before 2d comma)

56303

1242(d) (1st par. words after 2d comma)

56304

1242(d) (last par.)

56305

1242(e)

56306

1242–1

Rep.

1242a(a)

56501

1242a(b)

56502

1242a(c)

56503

1242a(d)

56504

1242a(e)

56502

1243

Rep.

1244(a)

109

1244(b)

Rep.

1244(c)

50501

1244(d)–(f)

Rep.

1244(g)

114

1245 (1st sentence)

Rep.

1245 (last sentence)

101 note

1246

Rep.

1247

50305

1248, 1249

53101 note

1251–1262

Rep.

1271

53701

1272

53717

1273(a)

53702

1273(b)

53711

1273(c)

53709

1273(d)

53705

1273(e) (1st sentence)

53705

1273(e) (last sentence)

53721, 53722

1273(f)

53704

1273(g)

53732

1273(h)

53704

1273(i), (j)

53706

1273a

53707

1274(a)

53706

1274(b)(1)

53707

1274(b)(2)

53709

1274(b)(3)–(7)

53710

1274(b) (last 2 sentences)

53709

1274(c)(1) (1st sentence)

53711

1274(c)(1) (last sentence)

53709

1274(c)(2)

53711

1274(d)(1), (2)

53708

1274(d)(3)

53732

1274(d)(4)

53707

1274(d)(5)

Rep.

1274(e)

53714

1274(f)(1)

53713

1274(f)(2), (3)

53708

1274(f)(4)

53713

1274(g)

53717

1274(h)

53710

1274(i)

53709

1274(j)

53732

1274(k)

53712

1274(l )

53703

1274(m)

53712

1274(n)

53703

1274a

53734

1275(a)

53721

1275(b)

53722

1275(c)

53724

1275(d)

53723

1275(e)

53725

1275(f)

53722

1276–1279

Rep.

1279a

53715

1279b (prior provision)

Rep.

1279b (added by Pub. L. 107–107)

53716

1279c

53731

1279d

53732

1279e

53733

1279f

53735

1279g

53702

1280

53717

1280a

53733

1280b

53718

1281(a)–(c)

53901

1281(d), (e)

Rep.

1282

53902

1283(a) (1st, 2d sentences)

53903

1283(a) (last sentence)

53910

1283(b) (1st sentence)

53903

1283(b) (last sentence)

53901

1283(c)–(f)

53903

1284

53903

1285

53905

1286

53904

1287

53907

1288, 1288a

53909

1289(a)(1)

53910

1289(a)(2)

53906

1289(b)–(f)

53910

1290

Rep.

1291

50111

1292

53911

1293

53908

1294

53912

1295 (1st sentence)

51101

1295 (last sentence cl. (1))

51103

1295 (last sentence cl. (2))

51104

1295a

51102

1295b(a)

51301

1295b(b)(1)–(3)(C)

51302

1295b(b)(3)(D)

51303

1295b(b)(3)(E)

51305

1295b(b)(3)(F)

51311

1295b(b)(3)(G)

Rep.

1295b(b)(4)

Rep.

1295b(b)(5)–(7)

51304

1295b(b)(8)

51309

1295b(c)

51311

1295b(d)

51308

1295b(e)(1)–(4)

51306

1295b(e)(5)

51310

1295b(f)

51307

1295b(g)

51309

1295b(h)

51312

1295b(i)

51313

1295b(j)

51314

1295c(a)

51501

1295c(b)

51503

1295c(c)(1), (2)

51504

1295c(c)(3)(A)

51507

1295c(c)(3)(B)

51508

1295c(d)(1)

51505

1295c(d)(2)

51501

1295c(e)

51502

1295c(f)

51506

1295c(g)(1)–(6)

51509

1295c(g)(7)

51510

1295c(g)(8)

51509

1295c(h)

51511

1295c note (Pub. L. 101–115, § 4)

51504

1295c–1

T. 49 § 109

1295d(a), (b)

51703

1295d(c)

51704

1295e

51701

1295f(a), (b)

51702

1295f(c)

2101(17), 3301(2), 3306, 3307(1)

1295f(d)(1)

51702

1295f(d)(2), (3)

3318(g)

1295g(a)

Rep.

1295g(b)–(d)

51103

1295g(e)(1)

2101(17)

1295g(e)(2)–(5)

Rep.

1300–1315

30701 note

1331–1341

Rep.

1351–1364

Rep.

1381–1388

Rep.

1401–1413

Rep.

1451

Rep.

1452(1)(A), (B)

2101(25)

1452(1)(C)

2101(42)

1452(2)

2101(45)

1452(3)

2101(41)

1452(5)

2101(21)(D)

1452(7)

2101(26)

1452(8)

2101(1)

1452(9)

2101(34)

1452(10)

2102(2)

1452(11)

2102(1)

1452(12)

2102(4)

1452(13)

2102(5)

1452(14)

2102(3)

1453

4105, 4301

1454, 1455

4302

1456

4302(a)(3)

1457

4303

1458

4305

1459

4306

1460

4304, 4306

1461(a)

4307(a)

1461(b)

4311(f)

1461(c)

4307(b)

1461(d)

2302(a), (b)

1461(e)

8903

1461(f)

8903, 8905(a)

1462

4308

1463

4309

1464

4310

1464(g)

4302

1465

2303

1466

12301

1467

12302

1468

12303

1469

12304

1470

12305

1471

12306

1472

12307

1473

12308

1474

13101

1475

13102

1476

13103

1477

13104

1478

13105

1479

13106

1479a

13107

1480

13108

1481

13109

1482

13110

1483

2302(b), 4311(a), 12309(a)

1484(a)

4311(b)

1484(b)

2106, 2302(a), (c), 4311(c), 12309(b)

1484(c)

2107

1484(d)

4311(d), 12309(c)

1485

2305, 4311(e)

1486

6101, 6102

1487

Rep.

1488

4302

1489

4311(g)

1501

80501

1502(a) (related to application of Convention)

80502

1502(a) (related to approval and examination)

80504

1502(b)

Rep.

1503(a)–(c)(1)

80503

1503(c)(2)

80506

1503(c)(3)

80503

1503(d)

80506

1503(e)

80503

1504

80505

1505

80509

1506

80507

1507

80508

1508

Rep.

1601–1603

T. 49 § 109

1604–1608

Rep.

1609

T. 49 § 109 note

1610

Elim.

1701

40101

1702

40102

1703

40301

1704(a)

40302

1704(b)–(d)

40303

1704(e) (less last sentence)

40305

1704(e) (last sentence)

40301

1704(f)

40301

1704(g)

40303

1705(a)–(f)

40304

1705(g)–(i)

41307

1705(j)

40306

1705(k)

41307

1706

40307

1707(a), (b)

40501

1707(c)

40502

1707(d)

40501

1707(e)

40503

1707(f), (g)

40501

1707a

Rep.

1708(a)

40701

1708(b)

40702

1708(c) (1st sentence)

40703

1708(c) (last sentence), (d)

40704

1708(e)

40705

1708(f)

40706

1709(a)

41102

1709(b)(1)–(12)

41104

1709(b)(13), (words after cl. (13))

41103

1709(c)

41105

1709(d)(1)

41102

1709(d)(2)

41106

1709(d)(3) (related to (b)(10))

41106

1709(d)(3) (related to (b)(13))

41103

1709(d)(4)

41106

1709(d)(5)

41103

1709(e)

41101

1710(a), (b)

41301

1710(c) (1st–3d sentences)

41302

1710(c) (last sentence)

41307

1710(d)–(f)

41302

1710(g) (related to time limit)

41301

1710(g) (less time limit)

41305

1710(h)(1)

41307

1710(h)(2)

41306

1710a(a)

42301

1710a(b), (c)

42302

1710a(d)

42303

1710a(e)(1), (2)

42304

1710a(e)(3)

42306

1710a(f)

42305

1710a(g)

306

1710a(h) (related to 876(a)(2))

42101

1710a(h) (related to 1712(b)(6))

41108

1710a(i)

42307

1711

41303

1712(a)

41107

1712(b)

41108

1712(c)–(f)

41109

1713(a), (b)

41304

1713(c)

41308

1713(d)

41309

1713(e)

41308, 41309

1714

40104

1715

40103

1716

305

1717

Rep.

1718(a)

40901

1718(b)

40902

1718(c)

40903

1718(d)

40901

1718(e)

40904

1719(a)–(c)

Rep.

1719(d)

40101 note

1719(e)

Rep.

1720

Rep.

1721

Rep.

1801

70302

1802

70306

1803

70303

1804

70304

1805

70305

1806

Rep.

1807

70301

1808

Rep.

1809

70306

1901

Rep.

1902

70501

1903(a)

70503

1903(b), (c)

70502

1903(d)

70505

1903(e)

70503

1903(f)

70504

1903(g)

70506

1903(h)

70503

1903(i)

70502

1903(j)

70506

1904

70507

2001

51901

2002

51901

2003

51902

2004(a)

51903

2004(b)

51904

2004(c)

51907

2004(d)

51901

2005

51905

2006

51906

2007

51908

12101 note (Pub. L. 104–324, § 1117)

55113

12102 note (Pub. L. 105–277, § 203(b)–(e))

12113

12106 note (Pub. L. 105–383, §§ 502–504)

12121

12119 note (Pub. L. 107–295, § 403)

12138

Enacting Clauses

Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 102(a), Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4738, provided that:

“Certain general and permanent laws of the United States, related to definitions and maritime commercial instruments and liens, are revised, consolidated, and enacted by paragraph (3) of this subsection [probably means subsection (c) of this section] as subtitle III of title 46, United States Code, ‘Shipping’.”

Pub. L. 98–89, § 1, Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 500, provided in part that:

“Certain general and permanent laws of the United States, related to vessels and seamen, are revised, consolidated, and enacted as title 46, United States Code, ‘Shipping’ ”.

Legislative Purpose and Construction

Pub. L. 109–304, § 2, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1485, provided that:

“(a)Purpose.—
The purpose of this Act [see Tables for classification] is to complete the codification of title 46, United States Code, “Shipping”, as positive law, by reorganizing and restating the laws currently in the appendix to title 46.
“(b)Conformity With Original Intent.—
In the codification of laws by this Act, the intent is to conform to the understood policy, intent, and purpose of the Congress in the original enactments, with such amendments and corrections as will remove ambiguities, contradictions, and other imperfections, in accordance with section 205(c)(1) of House Resolution No. 988, 93d Congress, as enacted into law by Public Law 93–554 (2 U.S.C. 285b(1)).”

Pub. L. 109–304, § 18, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1709, provided that:

“(a)Cutoff Date.—
This Act [see Tables for classification] replaces certain provisions enacted on or before April 30, 2005. If a law enacted after that date amends or repeals a provision replaced by this Act, that law is deemed to amend or repeal, as the case may be, the corresponding provision enacted by this Act. If a law enacted after that date is otherwise inconsistent with this Act, it supersedes this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(b)Original Date of Enactment Unchanged.—
For purposes of determining whether one provision supersedes another based on enactment later in time, the date of enactment of a provision enacted by this Act is deemed to be the date of enactment of the provision it replaced.
“(c)References to Provisions Replaced.—
A reference to a provision replaced by this Act is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.
“(d)Laws Governing Applicability of Prior Amendments.—
This Act does not affect any law governing the applicability of an amendment to a provision replaced by this Act, notwithstanding the repeal by this Act of the provision that was amended. To the extent that any such law governed the applicability of a provision replaced by this Act, that law governs the applicability of the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.
“(e)Regulations, Orders, and Other Administrative Actions.—
A regulation, order, or other administrative action in effect under a provision replaced by this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.
“(f)Actions Taken and Offenses Committed.—
An action taken or an offense committed under a provision replaced by this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.”

Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 105, Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4751, provided that:

“(a)
A reference to a law replaced by section 102 of this Act [see Tables for classification], including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(b)
An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by section 102 of this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision of this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.
“(c)
An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by section 102 of this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(d)
An inference of legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the caption or catch line of a provision enacted by section 102 of this Act.
“(e)
If a provision of this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in any of its applications, the provision remains valid for all valid applications that are severable from any of the invalid applications.”

Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5103(a)–(f), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1927, provided that:

“(a)
Laws effective after January 1, 1986, that are inconsistent with this subtitle [see Tables for classification] supersede this subtitle to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(b)
A reference to a law replaced by this subtitle, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of this subtitle.
“(c)
An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by this subtitle continues in effect under the corresponding provision of this subtitle until repealed, amended, or superseded.
“(d)
An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by this subtitle is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision of this subtitle.
“(e)
An inference of legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the caption or catch line of a provision enacted by this subtitle.
“(f)
If a provision enacted by this subtitle is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this subtitle is held invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid application or applications.”

Pub. L. 98–89, § 2(a)–(f), Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 598, provided that:

“(a)
Laws effective after December 31, 1982, that are inconsistent with this Act [see Tables for classification] supersede this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(b)
A reference to a law replaced by this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(c)
An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision of this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.
“(d)
An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision of this Act.
“(e)
An inference of legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the caption or catch line of a provision enacted by this Act.
“(f)
If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid application or applications.”

Codification of Shipping and Maritime Laws by Federal Maritime Commission and Secretary of Transportation

Pub. L. 98–89, § 2(j), Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 599, provided that:

“Within 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 26, 1983], the Federal Maritime Commission and the Secretary of Transportation each shall submit to Congress a proposed codification of the laws within their respective jurisdictions related to shipping and maritime matters.”

Repeals and Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 109–304, § 19, Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1710, as amended by Pub. L. 110–181, div. C, title XXXV, § 3529(b)(1)(C), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 603, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, or proceedings that were begun before Oct. 6, 2006.

Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 106(a), Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4752, provided that:

“The repeal of a law by this title may not be construed as a legislative implication that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.”

Pub. L. 100–710, title I, § 106(b), Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4752, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before the effective date of this title, which is Jan. 1, 1989, with certain exceptions and qualifications, see section 107 of Pub. L. 100–710, set out as an Effective Date note under section 31301 of this title.

Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5104(a), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1928, provided that:

“The repeal of a law by this subtitle may not be construed as a legislative implication that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.”

Pub. L. 99–509, title V, subtitle B, § 5104(b), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1928, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before Oct. 21, 1986.

Pub. L. 98–89, § 4(a), Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 599, provided that:

“The repeal of a law by this Act may not be construed as a legislative implication that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.”

Pub. L. 98–89, § 4(b), Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 599, repealed specified laws relating to shipping, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before Aug. 26, 1983, and except as provided by section 2 of Pub. L. 98–89, set out as notes above and notes under sections 3101, 3302, 3715, and 6301 of this title.

 

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