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49 U.S. Code § 31501 - Definitions

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In this chapter—
migrant worker” means an individual going to or from employment in agriculture as provided under section 3121(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 3121(g)) or section 3(f) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203(f)).
(3)motor carrier of migrant workers”—
means a person (except a motor common carrier) providing transportation referred to in section 13501 of this title by a motor vehicle (except a passenger automobile or station wagon) for at least 3 migrant workers at a time to or from their employment; but
does not include a migrant worker providing transportation for migrant workers and their immediate families.
(Pub. L. 97–449, Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2438, § 3101; renumbered § 31501 and amended Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(c), (e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 745, 1029; Pub. L. 103–429, § 6(26), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380; Pub. L. 104–88, title III, § 308(k)(1), (2), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 947, 948.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Pub. L. 97–449



Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)



Feb. 4, 1887, ch. 104, 24 Stat. 397, § 203(a)(22), (23); added Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 905, § 1, 70 Stat. 958.


(no source).



In clause (1), the words “going to or from” are substituted for “proceeding to or returning from” for clarity.

Clause (2) is included to ensure that the identical definitions that are relevant are used without repeating them. The source provisions for the quoted definitions are found in the revision notes for section 10102 of the revised title.

In clause (3), the words “including any ‘contract common carrier by motor vehicle’ ” are omitted as covered by the definition of “motor carrier”. The words “referred to in section 10521(a) of this title” are substituted for “in interstate or foreign commerce” for clarity and consistency in the revised title. The word “except” is substituted for “but not including” for clarity. The words “at least” are substituted for “or more”, and the words “but the term does not include” are substituted for “except”, for consistency.

Pub. L. 103–429

This amends 49:31501(1) to correct an erroneous cross-reference.

Editorial Notes

1995—Par. (2). Pub. L. 104–88, § 308(k)(1), substituted “13102” for “10102”.

Par. (3)(A). Pub. L. 104–88, § 308(k)(2), substituted “13501” for “10521(a)”.

1994—Pub. L. 103–272 renumbered section 3101 of this title as this section and amended it generally, restating it without substantive change.

Par. (1). Pub. L. 103–429 substituted “section 3(f)” for “section 203(f)”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 1995 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2 of Pub. L. 104–88, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1301 of this title.

Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–429 effective July 5, 1994, see section 9 of Pub. L. 103–429, set out as a note under section 321 of this title.

Exemptions From Requirements of This Chapter for Certain Farm Vehicles

For provisions relating to exemptions from certain requirements of this chapter with respect to certain farm vehicles and individuals operating those vehicles, see section 32934 of Pub. L. 112–141, set out as a note under section 31136 of this title.