49 U.S. Code § 33108. Monitoring compliance of manufacturers

(a) Records, Reports, Information, and Inspection.—To enable the Secretary of Transportation to decide whether a manufacturer of motor vehicles containing a part subject to a standard prescribed under section 33102 or 33103 of this title, or a manufacturer of major replacement parts subject to the standard, is complying with this chapter and the standard, the Secretary may require the manufacturer to—
keep records;
make reports;
provide items and information; and
allow an officer or employee designated by the Secretary to inspect the vehicles and parts and relevant records of the manufacturer.
(b) Entry and Inspection.—
To enforce this chapter, an officer or employee designated by the Secretary, on presenting appropriate credentials and a written notice to the owner, operator, or agent in charge, may inspect a facility in which motor vehicles containing major parts subject to the standard, or major replacement parts subject to the standard, are manufactured, held for introduction into interstate commerce, or held for sale after introduction into interstate commerce. An inspection shall be conducted at a reasonable time, in a reasonable way, and with reasonable promptness.
(c) Certification of Compliance.—
A manufacturer of a motor vehicle subject to the standard, and a manufacturer of a major replacement part subject to the standard, shall provide at the time of delivery of the vehicle or part a certification that the vehicle or part conforms to the applicable motor vehicle theft prevention standard. The certification shall accompany the vehicle or part until its delivery to the first purchaser. The Secretary by regulation may prescribe the type and form of the certification.
(2) This subsection does not apply to a motor vehicle or major replacement part that is—
intended only for export;
labeled only for export on the vehicle or replacement part and the outside of any container until exported; and
(d) Notification of Error.—A manufacturer shall notify the Secretary if the manufacturer discovers that—
there is an error in the identification (required by the standard) applied to a major part installed by the manufacturer in a motor vehicle during its assembly, or to a major replacement part manufactured by the manufacturer; and

Historical and Revision Notes



Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)



Oct. 20, 1972, Pub. L. 92–513, 86 Stat. 947, § 606; added Oct. 25, 1984, Pub. L. 98–547, § 101(a), 98 Stat. 2760.







In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “is complying” are substituted for “has acted or is acting in compliance” and “determining whether such manufacturer has acted or is acting in compliance” to eliminate unnecessary words. The word “reasonably” is omitted as surplus. In clause (1), the word “keep” is substituted for “establish and maintain” for consistency in the revised title and to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (4), the words “upon request”, “duly”, and “such manufacturer shall make available all such items and information in accordance with such reasonable rules as the Secretary may prescribe” are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b), the words “duly” and “enter and” are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(2)(B), the words “or tagged” and “if any” are omitted as surplus.

Subsection (d) is substituted for 15:2026(d) for clarity.

Title 49: Transportation