49 U.S. Code § 332 - Minority Resource Center

§ 332.
Minority Resource Center
(a)
In this section, “minority” includes women.
(b) The Department of Transportation has a Minority Resource Center. The Center may—
(1)
include a national information clearinghouse for minority entrepreneurs and businesses to disseminate information to them on business opportunities related to the maintenance, rehabilitation, restructuring, improvement, and revitalization of the railroads of the United States;
(2)
carry out market research, planning, economic and business analyses, and feasibility studies to identify those business opportunities;
(3)
assist minority entrepreneurs and businesses in obtaining investment capital and debt financing;
(4)
design and carry out programs to encourage, promote, and assist minority entrepreneurs and businesses in getting contracts, subcontracts, and projects related to those business opportunities;
(5)
develop support mechanisms (including venture capital, surety and bonding organizations, and management and technical services) that will enable minority entrepreneurs and businesses to take advantage of those business opportunities;
(6)
participate in, and cooperate with, United States Government programs and other programs designed to provide financial, management, and other forms of support and assistance to minority entrepreneurs and businesses; and
(7)
make arrangements to carry out this section.
(c)
The Center has an advisory committee of 5 individuals appointed by the Secretary of Transportation. The Secretary shall make the appointments from lists of qualified individuals recommended by minority-dominated trade associations in the minority business community. Each of those trade associations may submit a list of not more than 3 qualified individuals.
(d)
The United States Railway Association, the Consolidated Rail Corporation, and the Secretary shall provide the Center with relevant information (including procurement schedules, bids, and specifications on particular maintenance, rehabilitation, restructuring, improvement, and revitalization projects) the Center requests in carrying out this section.
(e) Bonding Assistance.—
(1)In general.—
The Secretary, acting through the Minority Resource Center established under subsection (b), shall provide assistance in obtaining bid, payment, and performance bonds by disadvantaged business enterprises pursuant to subsection (b)(4).
(2)Authorization of appropriation.—
There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2005 through 2009 to carry out activities under this subsection.
(Pub. L. 97–449, § 1(b), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2428; Pub. L. 109–59, title I, § 1951, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1514.)
“SEC. 332.
INTEGRATION OF CIVIL UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS INTO NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM.
“(a) Required Planning for Integration.—
“(1)Comprehensive plan.—
Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 14, 2012], the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with representatives of the aviation industry, Federal agencies that employ unmanned aircraft systems technology in the national airspace system, and the unmanned aircraft systems industry, shall develop a comprehensive plan to safely accelerate the integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system.
“(2)Contents of plan.—The plan required under paragraph (1) shall contain, at a minimum, recommendations or projections on—
“(A) the rulemaking to be conducted under subsection (b), with specific recommendations on how the rulemaking will—
“(i)
define the acceptable standards for operation and certification of civil unmanned aircraft systems;
“(ii)
ensure that any civil unmanned aircraft system includes a sense and avoid capability; and
“(iii)
establish standards and requirements for the operator and pilot of a civil unmanned aircraft system, including standards and requirements for registration and licensing;
“(B)
the best methods to enhance the technologies and subsystems necessary to achieve the safe and routine operation of civil unmanned aircraft systems in the national airspace system;
“(C)
a phased-in approach to the integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system;
“(D)
a timeline for the phased-in approach described under subparagraph (C);
“(E)
creation of a safe [sic]
“(F)
airspace designation for cooperative manned and unmanned flight operations in the national airspace system;
“(G)
establishment of a process to develop certification, flight standards, and air traffic requirements for civil unmanned aircraft systems at test ranges where such systems are subject to testing;
“(H)
the best methods to ensure the safe operation of civil unmanned aircraft systems and public unmanned aircraft systems simultaneously in the national airspace system; and
“(I)
incorporation of the plan into the annual NextGen Implementation Plan document (or any successor document) of the Federal Aviation Administration.
“(3)Deadline.—
The plan required under paragraph (1) shall provide for the safe integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system as soon as practicable, but not later than September 30, 2015.
“(4)Report to congress.—
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 14, 2012], the Secretary shall submit to Congress a copy of the plan required under paragraph (1).
“(5)Roadmap.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall approve and make available in print and on the Administration’s Internet Web site a 5-year roadmap for the introduction of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system, as coordinated by the Unmanned Aircraft Program Office of the Administration. The Secretary shall update, in coordination with the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and relevant stakeholders, including those in industry and academia, the roadmap annually. The roadmap shall include, at a minimum—
“(A) cost estimates, planned schedules, and performance benchmarks, including specific tasks, milestones, and timelines, for unmanned aircraft systems integration into the national airspace system, including an identification of—
“(i)
the role of the unmanned aircraft systems test ranges established under subsection (c) and the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Center of Excellence;
“(ii)
performance objectives for unmanned aircraft systems that operate in the national airspace system; and
“(iii)
research and development priorities for tools that could assist air traffic controllers as unmanned aircraft systems are integrated into the national airspace system, as appropriate;
“(B)
a description of how the Administration plans to use research and development, including research and development conducted through NASA’s Unmanned Aircraft Systems Traffic Management initiatives, to accommodate, integrate, and provide for the evolution of unmanned aircraft systems in the national airspace system;
“(C)
an assessment of critical performance abilities necessary to integrate unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system, and how these performance abilities can be demonstrated; and
“(D)
an update on the advancement of technologies needed to integrate unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system, including decisionmaking by adaptive systems, such as sense-and-avoid capabilities and cyber physical systems security.
“(b)Rulemaking.—Not later than 18 months after the date on which the plan required under subsection (a)(1) is submitted to Congress under subsection (a)(4), the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register—
“(1)
a final rule on small unmanned aircraft systems that will allow for civil operation of such systems in the national airspace system, to the extent the systems do not meet the requirements for expedited operational authorization under section 333 of this Act;
“(2)
a notice of proposed rulemaking to implement the recommendations of the plan required under subsection (a)(1), with the final rule to be published not later than 16 months after the date of publication of the notice; and
“(3)
an update to the Administration’s most recent policy statement on unmanned aircraft systems, contained in Docket No. FAA–2006–25714.
“(c) Pilot Projects.—
“(1)Establishment.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 14, 2012], the Administrator shall establish a program to integrate unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system at 6 test ranges. The program shall terminate on September 30, 2019.
“(2)Program requirements.—In establishing the program under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall—
“(A)
safely designate airspace for integrated manned and unmanned flight operations in the national airspace system;
“(B)
develop certification standards and air traffic requirements for unmanned flight operations at test ranges;
“(C)
coordinate with and leverage the resources of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Defense;
“(D)
address both civil and public unmanned aircraft systems;
“(E)
ensure that the program is coordinated with the Next Generation Air Transportation System; and
“(F)
provide for verification of the safety of unmanned aircraft systems and related navigation procedures before integration into the national airspace system.
“(3)Test range locations.—In determining the location of the 6 test ranges of the program under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall—
“(A)
take into consideration geographic and climatic diversity;
“(B)
take into consideration the location of ground infrastructure and research needs; and
“(C)
consult with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Defense.
“(4)Test range operation.—
A project at a test range shall be operational not later than 180 days after the date on which the project is established.
“(5) Report to congress.—
“(A)In general.—
Not later than 90 days after the date of the termination of the program under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives a report setting forth the Administrator’s findings and conclusions concerning the projects.
“(B)Additional contents.—The report under subparagraph (A) shall include a description and assessment of the progress being made in establishing special use airspace to fill the immediate need of the Department of Defense—
“(i)
to develop detection techniques for small unmanned aircraft systems; and
“(ii)
to validate the sense and avoid capability and operation of unmanned aircraft systems.
“(d) Expanding Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in Arctic.—
“(1)In general.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 14, 2012], the Secretary shall develop a plan and initiate a process to work with relevant Federal agencies and national and international communities to designate permanent areas in the Arctic where small unmanned aircraft may operate 24 hours per day for research and commercial purposes. The plan for operations in these permanent areas shall include the development of processes to facilitate the safe operation of unmanned aircraft beyond line of sight. Such areas shall enable over-water flights from the surface to at least 2,000 feet in altitude, with ingress and egress routes from selected coastal launch sites.
“(2)Agreements.—
To implement the plan under paragraph (1), the Secretary may enter into an agreement with relevant national and international communities.
“(3)Aircraft approval.—
Not later than 1 year after the entry into force of an agreement necessary to effectuate the purposes of this subsection, the Secretary shall work with relevant national and international communities to establish and implement a process, or may apply an applicable process already established, for approving the use of unmanned aircraft in the designated permanent areas in the Arctic without regard to whether an unmanned aircraft is used as a public aircraft, a civil aircraft, or a model aircraft.

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

332(a)

49:1657a(e).

Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–670, 80 Stat. 931, § 11; added Feb. 5, 1976, Pub. L. 94–210, § 906(2), 90 Stat. 149.

332(b)

49:1657a(a), (c).

332(c)

49:1657a(b).

332(d)

49:1657a(d).

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the word “has” is substituted for “The Secretary shall, within 180 days after February 5, 1976, establish” because the time for establishing the Center has expired and the Center has been established. The words “The Department of Transportation” are added because of the restatement of the section. The words “(hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘Center’)” after “Minority Resource Center” are omitted because of the style of the revised title.

In subsection (b)(1), the word “include” is substituted for “establish and maintain”, and the words “to disseminate information” are substituted for “and disseminate information from”, for clarity. The words “to them . . . related to” are substituted for “to such entrepreneurs and businesses . . . with respect to” to omit unnecessary words. The words “for purposes of furnishing . . . information” before “with respect to” are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b)(2), the words “those business opportunities” are substituted for “such opportunities” after “identify” for clarity.

In subsection (b)(4), the words “those business opportunities” are substituted for “the maintenance, rehabilitation, restructuring, improvement, and revitalization of the Nation’s railroads” to eliminate surplus words.

In subsection (b)(5), the words “related to the maintenance, rehabilitation, restructuring, improvement, and revitalization of the nation’s railroads” are omitted as unnecessary because of the restatement.

In subsection (b)(7), the words “make arrangements” are substituted for “enter into such contracts, cooperative agreements, or other transactions” to eliminate unnecessary words. The words “as may be necessary” after “transactions” are omitted as surplus. The words “to carry out this section” are substituted for “in the conduct of its functions and duties” for clarity and consistency.

In subsection (c), the words “The Secretary shall make the appointments” and the words “Each of those trade associations may submit a list of not more than” are added for clarity and because of the restatement of the section.

In subsection (d), the words “in carrying out this section” are substituted for “in connection with the performance of its functions” for clarity and consistency.

Amendments

2005—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–59 added subsec. (e).

Abolition of United States Railway Association and Transfer of Functions and Securities

The United States Railway Association abolished effective Apr. 1, 1987, all powers, duties, rights, and obligations of Association relating to Consolidated Rail Corporation under the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) transferred to Secretary of Transportation on Jan. 1, 1987, and any securities of Corporation held by Association transferred to Secretary of Transportation on Oct. 21, 1986, see section 1341 of Title 45, Railroads.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 22 - SHORT-TERM LENDING PROGRAM (STLP)

 

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