(a) Establishment.—An advisory committee shall not be established unless establishment is—
determined as a matter of formal record, by the head of the agency involved after consultation with the Administrator, with timely notice published in the Federal Register, to be in the public interest in connection with the performance of duties imposed on that agency by law.
(b) Purpose of Advisory Committees.—
Unless otherwise specifically provided by statute or Presidential directive, advisory committees shall be utilized solely for advisory functions. Determinations of action to be taken and policy to be expressed with respect to matters upon which an advisory committee reports or makes recommendations shall be made solely by the President or an officer of the Federal Government.
(c) Advisory Committee Charters.—
(1) General requirement.—An advisory committee shall not meet or take any action until an advisory committee charter has been filed—
with the Administrator in the case of Presidential advisory committees; or
(2) Contents of charter.—The advisory committee charter shall contain—
the agency or official to whom the committee reports;
the agency responsible for providing the necessary support for the committee;
a description of the duties for which the committee is responsible, and, if the duties are not solely advisory, a specification of the authority for the duties;
the committee’s termination date, if less than 2 years from the date of the committee’s establishment; and
(Pub. L. 117–286, § 3(a), Dec. 27, 2022, 136 Stat. 4201.)