U.S. Code: Title 51 - NATIONAL AND COMMERCIAL SPACE PROGRAMS

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 111–314, § 3, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328

Current through 114-100not94not95

Amendments

2015—Pub. L. 114–90, title I, § 117(b)(1), title III, § 301(a)(2), title IV, § 402(b), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 718, 720, 722, added item 513 and substituted “Commerce” for “Commercialization” in item 507 and “Use of space launch system or alternatives” for “Use of Space Shuttle or Alternatives” in item 701.

2010—Pub. L. 111–314, § 4(d)(7), Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3443, added items 509 and 511.

Table I

(Showing disposition of former sections of Title 15)

Title 15

Former Sections

Title 51

New Sections

1511e

50702

1535

50703

5601

60101 note

5602

60101

5611

60111

5612, 5613

Rep.

5614

60112

5615(a), (b)

60113

5615(c), (d)

Rep.

5621 to 5625

60121 to 60125

5631

60131

5632

60132

5633(a) to (e)

60133

5633(f), 5641(a)

Rep.

5641(b), (c)

60134

5651 to 5658

60141 to 60148

5671

60161

5672

60162

5801

50501 note

5802

50501

5803(a) to (c)

50502

5803(d)

Rep.

5805

Rep.

5806

50503

5807

50504

5808

50506

Table II

(Showing disposition of former sections of Title 42)

Title 42

Former Sections

Title 51

New Sections

2451

20102

2452

20103

2453

Rep.

2454

20131

2455(a)

20132

2455(b)

20132 note

2456

20133

2456a

20134

2457

20135

2458 to 2458c

20136 to 20139

2459

20140

2459a

Elim.

2459b

20141

2459c

20142

2459d

30301

2459e

30302

2459f

20143

2459f–1

20144

2459g

30307

2459h

30308(b)

2459i

30102

2459j

20145

2459j–1

20145 note

2459k

20146

2459l

20147

2460

30101

2461

30901

2463

30303

2464

70101

2464a

Elim.

2465a(a)

70102(a)

2465a(b)

Rep.

2465a(c)

70102(b)

2465a(d)

70102(c)

2465c

70103(a)

2465f

70103(b)

2466 to 2466c

70301 to 70304

2467

40901

2467a

40902

2467b(a), (b)

40903(b), (c)

2467b(c)

40903(a)

2471, 2471a

20111 notes

2472

20111

2473(a), (b)

20112

2473(c)

20113

2473b (1st par.)

30304

2473b (last par.), 2473c(a)

Rep.

2473c(b)

31102 note

2473c(c) to (h)

31102

2473d

30309

2474(a)

Rep.

2474(b), (c)

20114(a), (b)

2474(d)

Rep.

2475

20115

2475a(a), (b)

30701(a), (b)(2)

2475b

30702

2476

20116

2476a

20117

2476b

Rep.

2477

31101

2481 to 2484

20161 to 20164

2486

40301 note

2486a to 2486i

40301 to 40309

2486k

40310

2486l

Rep.

2487

40501 note

2487a to 2487c

40501 to 40503

2487e

40504

2487f

40505

2487g

Rep.

14701

50101

14711(a)

50111(a)

14711(b)

Rep.

14712(a)

50112 note

14712(b)

50112

14713

50113

14714

50114

14715(a), (b)

50115(a), (b)

14715(c)

Rep.

14715(d), (e)

50115(c), (d)

14731

50131

14732

50132

14733(a)

50133

14733(b), (c)

Rep.

14734

50134

14735

Rep.

14751

50301 note

14752

50302

14753

50301

16601

10101 note

16611(a)

20301

16611(b)

20302

16611(c) to (g)

Elim.

16611(h)(1)

30103(a)

16611(h)(2)

Elim.

16611(i)

30103(b)

16611(j)

Elim.

16611a(a) to (c)

20303(a) to (c)

16611a(d)

Elim.

16611a(e)

20303(d)

16611a(f)

Elim.

16611b

30103(c)

16611b note (Pub. L. 111–8, div. B, title III, 123 Stat. 589)

30103(d)

16612

note prec. 40901

16613

30104

16614

30703

16615

30501

16616, 16617

Elim.

16618

30502

16631, 16632

Rep.

16633

70902

16634

50505

16635, 16636

Elim.

16651

30503

16652, 16653

Elim.

16654(a) (matter before par. (1))

30504(a)

16654(a)(1)

Elim.

16654(a)(2)

30504(b)

16654(b), 16655(1)

Elim.

16655(2), (3)

40904

16656

60505

16657

Elim.

16658

20304

16671 to 16676

60301 to 60306

16691

note prec. 71101

16701

40101

16711

40102

16712(a)

Elim.

16712(b)

40103

16721(a), (b)

40111

16721(c), (d)

Rep.

16722(a)

40701

16722(b) to (g)

40112(a) to (f)

16723 to 16725

40113 to 40115

16726

Rep.

16727

40116

16741

40131

16751

40141

16761(a), (b)

70501(a), (b)

16761(c)

Elim.

16762

70501 note

16763

70502

16764

70503

16765

70904

16766(1), (2)

70903

16766(3)

Elim.

16767(a), (b)

70905(b), (c)

16767(c)

Elim.

16767(d)

70905(a)

16781

31501

16782

70304 note

16791

40905

16792

30902

16793

Elim.

16794

40906

16795

40907

16796

note prec. 40901

16797

40908

16798(a)

Elim.

16798(b)

40909

16811

50116

16821

30306

16822

31301

16823

30704

16824

Elim.

16831

T. 42 § 1886a

16832

Elim.

16841 to 16850

70701 to 70710

17701

20102 note

17702

10101 note

17711

60501

17712(a)

Elim.

17712(b) to (d)

60502(a) to (c)

17713(a)

60503

17713(b)

Elim.

17714

60504

17721

40702

17722

40703

17723(a)

40704 note

17723(b), (c)

40704(a), (b)

17724

40104

17731

70504

17732(a), (b)

70505(a), (b)

17732(c)

Elim.

17733(a)

70506 note

17733(b)

70506

17734

71301

17741

70507

17742

70508

17751(a)

70907

17751(b)

Elim.

17752

70906

17753

Elim.

17761

70501 note

17771

50903 note

17781(a)

Elim.

17781(b)

40903(d)

17781(c)

40311

17791(a)

71101

17791(b)

Elim.

17792

71101 note

17793 to 17795

71102 to 71104

17801

50111(b)

17811(a)

31502

17811(b), (c)

Elim.

17812(a)

31503

17812(b)

Elim.

17821(a)

71302 note

17821(b)

71302

17822

31302

17823

20305

17824

30305

17825(a), (b)

Elim.

17825(c)

60506

17826

Elim.

17827

30310

17828

31504

17829

31505

Enactment of Title

Pub. L. 111–314, § 3, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, provided in part that:

“Title 51, United States Code, ‘National and Commercial Space Programs’, is enacted as follows”.

Purpose; Conformity With Original Intent

Pub. L. 111–314, § 2, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3328, provided that:

“(a)Purpose.—
The purpose of this Act [see Tables for classification] is to codify certain existing laws related to national and commercial space programs as a positive law title of the United States Code.
“(b)Conformity With Original Intent.—
In the codification of laws by this Act, the intent is to conform to the understood policy, intent, and purpose of Congress in the original enactments, with such amendments and corrections as will remove ambiguities, contradictions, and other imperfections, in accordance with section 205(c)(1) of House Resolution No. 988, 93d Congress, as enacted into law by Public Law 93–554 (2 U.S.C. 285b(1)).”

Transitional and Savings Provisions

Pub. L. 111–314, § 5, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3443, provided that:

“(a)Definitions.—In this section:
“(1)Source provision.—
The term ‘source provision’ means a provision of law that is replaced by a title 51 provision.
“(2)Title 51 provision.—
The term ‘title 51 provision’ means a provision of title 51, United States Code, that is enacted by section 3.
“(b)Cutoff Date.—
The title 51 provisions replace certain provisions of law enacted on or before July 1, 2009. If a law enacted after that date amends or repeals a source provision, that law is deemed to amend or repeal, as the case may be, the corresponding title 51 provision. If a law enacted after that date is otherwise inconsistent with a title 51 provision or a provision of this Act [see Tables for classification], that law supersedes the title 51 provision or provision of this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(c)Original Date of Enactment Unchanged.—
For purposes of determining whether one provision of law supersedes another based on enactment later in time, a title 51 provision is deemed to have been enacted on the date of enactment of the corresponding source provision.
“(d)References to Title 51 Provisions.—
A reference to a title 51 provision is deemed to refer to the corresponding source provision.
“(e)References to Source Provisions.—
A reference to a source provision, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding title 51 provision.
“(f)Regulations, Orders, and Other Administrative Actions.—
A regulation, order, or other administrative action in effect under a source provision continues in effect under the corresponding title 51 provision.
“(g)Actions Taken and Offenses Committed.—
An action taken or an offense committed under a source provision is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding title 51 provision.”

Repeals

Pub. L. 111–314, § 6, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3444, repealed specified laws relating to national and commercial space programs, except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, or proceedings that were begun before Dec. 18, 2010.

 

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