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6 U.S. Code § 1166 - Railroad carrier exercises

(a) In general

The Secretary shall establish a program for conducting security exercises for railroad carriers for the purpose of assessing and improving the capabilities of entities described in subsection (b) to prevent, prepare for, mitigate, respond to, and recover from acts of terrorism.

(b) Covered entitiesEntities to be assessed under the program shall include—
Federal, State, and local agencies and tribal governments;
governmental and nongovernmental emergency response providers, law enforcement agencies, and railroad and transit police, as appropriate; and
any other organization or entity that the Secretary determines appropriate.
(c) RequirementsThe Secretary shall ensure that the program—
consolidates existing security exercises for railroad carriers administered by the Department and the Department of Transportation, as jointly determined by the Secretary and the Secretary of Transportation, unless the Secretary waives this consolidation requirement as appropriate;
(2) consists of exercises that are—
scaled and tailored to the needs of the carrier, including addressing the needs of the elderly and individuals with disabilities;
live, in the case of the most at-risk facilities to a terrorist attack;
coordinated with appropriate officials;
as realistic as practicable and based on current risk assessments, including credible threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences;
inclusive, as appropriate, of railroad frontline employees; and
consistent with the National Incident Management System, the National Response Plan, the National Infrastructure Protection Plan, the National Preparedness Guidance, the National Preparedness Goal, and other such national initiatives;
(3) provides that exercises described in paragraph (2) will be—
evaluated by the Secretary against clear and consistent performance measures;
assessed by the Secretary to identify best practices, which shall be shared, as appropriate, with railroad carriers, nonprofit employee organizations that represent railroad carrier employees, Federal, State, local, and tribal officials, governmental and nongovernmental emergency response providers, law enforcement personnel, including railroad carrier and transit police, and other stakeholders; and
used to develop recommendations, as appropriate, from the Secretary to railroad carriers on remedial action to be taken in response to lessons learned;
allows for proper advanced notification of communities and local governments in which exercises are held, as appropriate; and
assists State, local, and tribal governments and railroad carriers in designing, implementing, and evaluating additional exercises that conform to the requirements of paragraph (1) [1].
(d) National Exercise Program

The Secretary shall ensure that the exercise program developed under subsection (c) is a component of the National Exercise Program established under section 748 of this title.