7 U.S. Code § 1359cc - Establishment of flexible marketing allotments
The Secretary shall establish flexible marketing allotments for sugar for any crop year in which the allotments are required under section 1359bb(b) of this title in accordance with this section.
Each marketing allotment for cane sugar established under this section may only be filled with sugar processed from domestically grown sugarcane.
The allotment for sugar derived from sugarcane shall be further allotted, among the States in the United States in which sugarcane is produced, after a hearing (if requested by the affected sugarcane processors and growers) and on such notice as the Secretary by regulation may prescribe, in a fair and equitable manner as provided in this subsection and section 1359dd(b)(1)(D) of this title.
Prior to the allotment of sugar derived from sugarcane to any other State, 325,000 short tons, raw value shall be allotted to the offshore States.
Except as provided in section 1359ee of this title, a State cane sugar allotment established under subsection (e) for a crop year may be filled only with sugar processed from sugarcane grown in the State covered by the allotment.
Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall, based on reestimates under section 1359bb(a)(3) of this title, adjust upward or downward marketing allotments in a fair and equitable manner, as the Secretary determines appropriate, to reflect changes in estimated sugar consumption, stocks, production, or imports.
In the case of any increase or decrease in an allotment, each allocation to a processor of the allotment under section 1359dd of this title, and each proportionate share established with respect to the allotment under section 1359ff(c) of this title, shall be increased or decreased by the same percentage that the allotment is increased or decreased.
Whenever a marketing allotment for a crop year is required to be reduced during the crop year under this subsection, if, at the time of the reduction, the quantity of sugar marketed exceeds the processor’s reduced allocation, the allocation of an allotment next established for the processor shall be reduced by the quantity of the excess sugar marketed.
A prior section 1359cc, act Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, § 359c, as added Pub. L. 101–624, title IX, § 902, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3481; amended Pub. L. 102–237, title I, § 111(e), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1832, related to establishment of marketing allotments, prior to the general amendment of this subpart by Pub. L. 107–171.
2008—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1403(c)(1), added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which related to: in par. (1), establishment of the overall allotment quantity by deducting from the sum of the estimated sugar consumption and reasonable carryover stocks for the crop year 1,532,000 short tons, raw value, and carry-in stocks of sugar, including sugar in Commodity Credit Corporation inventory; and in par. (2), adjustment of overall allotment quantity to avoid the forfeiture of sugar to the Commodity Credit Corporation.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1403(c)(2), inserted “or in-process beet sugar” before period at end.
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1403(c)(3), substituted “Adjustments” for “In general” in par. heading, designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted subpar. heading, substituted “Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary” for “The Secretary”, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 110–246, § 1403(c)(4), struck out subsec. (h). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Whenever the Secretary estimates or reestimates under section 1359bb(a) of this title, or has reason to believe, that imports of sugars, syrups or molasses for human consumption or to be used for the extraction of sugar for human consumption, whether under a tariff-rate quota or in excess or outside of a tariff-rate quota, will exceed 1,532,000 short tons (raw value equivalent) (excluding any imports attributable to reassignment under paragraph (1)(D) or (2)(C) of section 1359ee(b) of this title), and that the imports would lead to a reduction of the overall allotment quantity, the Secretary shall suspend the marketing allotments established under this section until such time as the imports have been restricted, eliminated, or reduced to or below the level of 1,532,000 short tons (raw value equivalent).”