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7 U.S. Code § 8772 - Dairy forward pricing program

(a) Program required

The Secretary shall establish a program under which milk producers and cooperative associations of producers are authorized to voluntarily enter into forward price contracts with milk handlers.

(b) Minimum milk price requirementsPayments made by milk handlers to milk producers and cooperative associations of producers, and prices received by milk producers and cooperative associations, in accordance with the terms of a forward price contract authorized by subsection (a), shall be treated as satisfying—
all uniform and minimum milk price requirements of subparagraphs (B) and (F) of paragraph (5) of section 608c of this title; and
the total payment requirement of subparagraph (C) of that paragraph.
(c) Milk covered by program
(1) Covered milkThe program shall apply only with respect to the marketing of federally regulated milk that—
is not classified as Class I milk or otherwise intended for fluid use; and
is in the current of interstate or foreign commerce or directly burdens, obstructs, or affects interstate or foreign commerce in federally regulated milk.
(2) Relation to Class I milk

To assist milk handlers in complying with paragraph (1)(A) without having to segregate or otherwise individually track the source and disposition of milk, a milk handler may allocate milk receipts from producers, cooperatives, and other sources that are not subject to a forward contract to satisfy the obligations of the handler with regard to Class I milk usage.

(d) Voluntary program
(1) In general

A milk handler may not require participation in a forward pricing contract as a condition of the handler receiving milk from a producer or cooperative association of producers.

(2) Pricing

A producer or cooperative association described in paragraph (1) may continue to have their [1] milk priced in accordance with the minimum payment provisions of the Federal milk marketing order.

(3) Complaints
(A) In general

The Secretary shall investigate complaints made by producers or cooperative associations of coercion by handlers to enter into forward contracts.

(B) Action

If the Secretary finds evidence of coercion, the Secretary shall take appropriate action.

(e) Duration
(1) New contracts

No forward price contract may be entered into under the program established under this section after September 30, 2023.

(2) Application

No forward contract entered into under the program may extend beyond September 30, 2027.

[1]  So in original. Probably should be “its”.
Editorial Notes

The authorities provided by each provision of, and each amendment made by, Pub. L. 110–246, as in effect on Sept. 30, 2012, to continue, and the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out the authorities, until the later of Sept. 30, 2013, or the date specified in the provision of, or amendment made by, Pub. L. 110–246, see section 701(a) of Pub. L. 112–240, set out in a 1-Year Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section 8701 of this title.

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical sections. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.


2023—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 118–22 substituted “2027” for “2026”.

2018—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 115–334, § 1402(a)(1), substituted “2023” for “2018”.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 115–334, § 1402(a)(2), substituted “2026” for “2021”.

2014—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 113–79, § 1424(1), substituted “2018” for “2012”.

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 113–79, § 1424(2), substituted “2021” for “2015”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2023 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 118–22 to be applied and administered as if enacted on Sept. 30, 2023, see section 102(g) of Pub. L. 118–22, set out in an Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section 9001 of this title.

Effective Date

Enactment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.