8 U.S. Code Chapter 12 - IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY
Part I—Selection System
1151. Worldwide level of immigration. 1151a. Repealed. 1152. Numerical limitations on individual foreign states. 1153. Allocation of immigrant visas. 1154. Procedure for granting immigrant status. 1155. Revocation of approval of petitions; effective date. 1156. Unused immigrant visas. 1157. Annual admission of refugees and admission of emergency situation refugees. 1158. Asylum. 1159. Adjustment of status of refugees. 1160. Special agricultural workers. 1161. Repealed.
Part II—Admission Qualifications for Aliens; Travel Control of Citizens and Aliens
1181. Admission of immigrants into the United States. 1182. Inadmissible aliens. 1182a to 1182c. Repealed. 1182d. Denial of visas to confiscators of American property. 1182e. Denial of entry into United States of foreign nationals engaged in establishment or enforcement of forced abortion or sterilization policy. 1182f. Denial of entry into United States of Chinese and other nationals engaged in coerced organ or bodily tissue transplantation. 1183. Admission of aliens on giving bond or undertaking; return upon permanent departure. 1183a. Requirements for sponsor’s affidavit of support. 1184. Admission of nonimmigrants. 1184a. Philippine Traders as nonimmigrants. 1185. Travel control of citizens and aliens. 1186. Transferred. 1186a. Conditional permanent resident status for certain alien spouses and sons and daughters. 1186b. Conditional permanent resident status for certain alien entrepreneurs, spouses, and children. 1187. Visa waiver program for certain visitors. 1188. Admission of temporary H–2A workers. 1189. Designation of foreign terrorist organizations.
Part III—Issuance of Entry Documents
1201. Issuance of visas. 1201a. Repealed. 1202. Application for visas. 1203. Reentry permit. 1204. Immediate relative and special immigrant visas. 1205. Repealed.
Part IV—Inspection, Apprehension, Examination, Exclusion, and Removal
1221. Lists of alien and citizen passengers arriving and departing. 1222. Detention of aliens for physical and mental examination. 1223. Entry through or from foreign territory and adjacent islands. 1224. Designation of ports of entry for aliens arriving by aircraft. 1225. Inspection by immigration officers; expedited removal of inadmissible arriving aliens; referral for hearing. 1225a. Preinspection at foreign airports. 1226. Apprehension and detention of aliens. 1226a. Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus; judicial review. 1227. Deportable aliens. 1228. Expedited removal of aliens convicted of committing aggravated felonies. 1229. Initiation of removal proceedings. 1229a. Removal proceedings. 1229b. Cancellation of removal; adjustment of status. 1229c. Voluntary departure. 1230. Records of admission. 1231. Detention and removal of aliens ordered removed. 1232. Enhancing efforts to combat the trafficking of children.
Part V—Adjustment and Change of Status
1251. Transferred. 1251a. Repealed. 1252. Judicial review of orders of removal. 1252a, 1252b. Transferred or Repealed. 1252c. Authorizing State and local law enforcement officials to arrest and detain certain illegal aliens. 1253. Penalties related to removal. 1254. Repealed. 1254a. Temporary protected status. 1254b. Collection of fees under temporary protected status program. 1255. Adjustment of status of nonimmigrant to that of person admitted for permanent residence. 1255a. Adjustment of status of certain entrants before January 1, 1982, to that of person admitted for lawful residence. 1255b. Adjustment of status of certain nonimmigrants to that of persons admitted for permanent residence. 1256. Rescission of adjustment of status; effect upon naturalized citizen. 1257. Adjustment of status of certain resident aliens to nonimmigrant status; exceptions. 1258. Change of nonimmigrant classification. 1259. Record of admission for permanent residence in the case of certain aliens who entered the United States prior to January 1, 1972. 1260. Removal of aliens falling into distress.
Part VI—Special Provisions Relating to Alien Crewmen
1281. Alien crewmen. 1282. Conditional permits to land temporarily. 1283. Hospital treatment of alien crewmen afflicted with certain diseases. 1284. Control of alien crewmen. 1285. Employment on passenger vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities. 1286. Discharge of alien crewmen; penalties. 1287. Alien crewmen brought into the United States with intent to evade immigration laws; penalties. 1288. Limitations on performance of longshore work by alien crewmen.
Part VII—Registration of Aliens
1301. Alien seeking entry; contents. 1302. Registration of aliens. 1303. Registration of special groups. 1304. Forms for registration and fingerprinting. 1305. Notices of change of address. 1306. Penalties.
Part VIII—General Penalty Provisions
1321. Prevention of unauthorized landing of aliens. 1322. Bringing in aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related ground; persons liable; clearance papers; exceptions; “person” defined. 1323. Unlawful bringing of aliens into United States. 1324. Bringing in and harboring certain aliens. 1324a. Unlawful employment of aliens. 1324b. Unfair immigration-related employment practices. 1324c. Penalties for document fraud. 1324d. Civil penalties for failure to depart. 1325. Improper entry by alien. 1326. Reentry of removed aliens. 1327. Aiding or assisting certain aliens to enter. 1328. Importation of alien for immoral purpose. 1329. Jurisdiction of district courts. 1330. Collection of penalties and expenses.
1351. Nonimmigrant visa fees. 1352. Printing of reentry permits and blank forms of manifest and crew lists; sale to public. 1353. Travel expenses and expense of transporting remains of officers and employees dying outside of United States. 1353a. Officers and employees; overtime services; extra compensation; length of working day. 1353b. Extra compensation; payment. 1353c. Immigration officials; service in foreign contiguous territory. 1353d. Disposition of money received as extra compensation. 1354. Applicability to members of the Armed Forces. 1355. Disposal of privileges at immigrant stations; rentals; retail sale; disposition of receipts. 1356. Disposition of moneys collected under the provisions of this subchapter. 1357. Powers of immigration officers and employees. 1358. Local jurisdiction over immigrant stations. 1359. Application to American Indians born in Canada. 1360. Establishment of central file; information from other departments and agencies. 1361. Burden of proof upon alien. 1362. Right to counsel. 1363. Deposit of and interest on cash received to secure immigration bonds. 1363a. Undercover investigation authority. 1363b. Repealed 1364. Triennial comprehensive report on immigration. 1365. Reimbursement of States for costs of incarcerating illegal aliens and certain Cuban nationals. 1365a. Integrated entry and exit data system. 1365b. Biometric entry and exit data system. 1366. Annual report on criminal aliens. 1367. Penalties for disclosure of information. 1368. Increase in INS detention facilities; report on detention space. 1369. Treatment of expenses subject to emergency medical services exception. 1370. Reimbursement of States and localities for emergency ambulance services. 1371. Reports. 1372. Program to collect information relating to nonimmigrant foreign students and other exchange program participants. 1373. Communication between government agencies and the Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1374. Information regarding female genital mutilation. 1375. Repealed. 1375a. Domestic violence information and resources for immigrants and regulation of international marriage brokers. 1375b. Protections for domestic workers and other nonimmigrants. 1375c. Protections, remedies, and limitations on issuance for A–3 and G–5 visas. 1376. Data on nonimmigrant overstay rates. 1377. Collection of data on detained asylum seekers. 1378. Collection of data on other detained aliens. 1379. Technology standard to confirm identity. 1380. Maintenance of statistics by the Department of Homeland Security. 1381. Secretary of Labor report. SUBCHAPTER III—NATIONALITY AND NATURALIZATION
Part I—Nationality at Birth and Collective Naturalization
1401. Nationals and citizens of United States at birth. 1401a. Birth abroad before 1952 to service parent. 1401b. Repealed. 1402. Persons born in Puerto Rico on or after April 11, 1899. 1403. Persons born in the Canal Zone or Republic of Panama on or after February 26, 1904. 1404. Persons born in Alaska on or after March 30, 1867. 1405. Persons born in Hawaii. 1406. Persons living in and born in the Virgin Islands. 1407. Persons living in and born in Guam. 1408. Nationals but not citizens of the United States at birth. 1409. Children born out of wedlock.
Part II—Nationality Through Naturalization
1421. Naturalization authority. 1422. Eligibility for naturalization. 1423. Requirements as to understanding the English language, history, principles and form of government of the United States. 1424. Prohibition upon the naturalization of persons opposed to government or law, or who favor totalitarian forms of government. 1425. Ineligibility to naturalization of deserters from the Armed Forces. 1426. Citizenship denied alien relieved of service in Armed Forces because of alienage. 1427. Requirements of naturalization. 1428. Temporary absence of persons performing religious duties. 1429. Prerequisite to naturalization; burden of proof. 1430. Married persons and employees of certain nonprofit organizations. 1431. Children born outside the United States and residing permanently in the United States; conditions under which citizenship automatically acquired. 1432. Repealed. 1433. Children born and residing outside the United States; conditions for acquiring certificate of citizenship. 1434. Repealed. 1435. Former citizens regaining citizenship. 1436. Nationals but not citizens; residence within outlying possessions. 1437. Resident Philippine citizens excepted from certain requirements. 1438. Former citizens losing citizenship by entering armed forces of foreign countries during World War II. 1439. Naturalization through service in the armed forces. 1440. Naturalization through active-duty service in the Armed Forces during World War I, World War II, Korean hostilities, Vietnam hostilities, or other periods of military hostilities. 1440–1. Posthumous citizenship through death while on active-duty service in armed forces during World War I, World War II, the Korean hostilities, the Vietnam hostilities, or in other periods of military hostilities. 1440a to 1440d. Omitted. 1440e. Exemption from naturalization fees for aliens naturalized through service during Vietnam hostilities or other subsequent period of military hostilities; report by clerks of courts to Attorney General. 1440f. Fingerprints and other biometric information for members of the United States Armed Forces. 1440g. Provision of information on military naturalization. 1441. Constructive residence through service on certain United States vessels. 1442. Alien enemies. 1443. Administration. 1443a. Naturalization proceedings overseas for members of the Armed Forces and their spouses and children. 1444. Photographs; number. 1445. Application for naturalization; declaration of intention. 1446. Investigation of applicants; examination of applications. 1447. Hearings on denials of applications for naturalization. 1448. Oath of renunciation and allegiance. 1448a. Address to newly naturalized citizens. 1449. Certificate of naturalization; contents. 1450. Functions and duties of clerks and records of declarations of intention and applications for naturalization. 1451. Revocation of naturalization. 1452. Certificates of citizenship or U.S. non-citizen national status; procedure. 1453. Cancellation of certificates issued by Attorney General, the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner; action not to affect citizenship status. 1454. Documents and copies issued by Attorney General. 1455. Fiscal provisions. 1456. Repealed. 1457. Publication and distribution of citizenship textbooks; use of naturalization fees. 1458. Compilation of naturalization statistics and payment for equipment. 1459. Repealed.
Part III—Loss of Nationality
1481. Loss of nationality by native-born or naturalized citizen; voluntary action; burden of proof; presumptions. 1482. Repealed. 1483. Restrictions on loss of nationality. 1484 to 1487. Repealed. 1488. Nationality lost solely from performance of acts or fulfillment of conditions. 1489. Application of treaties; exceptions.
1501. Certificate of diplomatic or consular officer of United States as to loss of American nationality. 1502. Certificate of nationality issued by Secretary of State for person not a naturalized citizen of United States for use in proceedings of a foreign state. 1503. Denial of rights and privileges as national. 1504. Cancellation of United States passports and Consular Reports of Birth. SUBCHAPTER IV—REFUGEE ASSISTANCE 1521. Office of Refugee Resettlement; establishment; appointment of Director; functions. 1522. Authorization for programs for domestic resettlement of and assistance to refugees. 1523. Congressional reports. 1524. Authorization of appropriations. 1525. Repealed. SUBCHAPTER V—ALIEN TERRORIST REMOVAL PROCEDURES 1531. Definitions. 1532. Establishment of removal court. 1533. Removal court procedure. 1534. Removal hearing. 1535. Appeals. 1536. Custody and release pending removal hearing. 1537. Custody and release after removal hearing.