absolute disparity

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Absolute disparity is a calculation used to analyze a claim that a jury pool did not represent a fair cross-section of the community. For instance, a jury pool that is composed of only white jurors in a community that is predominantly Black. It is calculated by subtracting the percentage of a group in the jury pool from the percentage of that group in the general population.

See, e.g. Berghuis v. Smith, 130 S.Ct. 1382 (2010)

See also: jury of one's peers; venire

[Last updated in June of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]