An out-of-court statement by a party that, when uttered, is against the party's pecuniary, proprietary, or penal interest and that is admissible under both an exclusion (admission by a party-opponent) and an exception (statement against interest) to the rule against hearsay. Such a statement is admissible even if the declarant is available, because an admission by a party-opponent is non-hearsay and, thus, does not require unavailability.
See, e.g. On Lee v. U.S., 343 U.S. 747 (1952).
- Admission of guilt
- Declaration against interest
- Federal Rules of Evidence Rule 801(d)(2) and 804(b)(3)