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Aliquot is derived from the Latin word meaning divisible from a larger whole without a remainder (i.e. divisible an exact number of times). Today, it usually means a fractional part or a share of the whole. The term aliquot is most commonly used in property law, the law of trusts (see also trust), and patent law.

In the context of patent law, aliquot may also refer to a fractional part of a specimen used for testing (in an experiment).

In the United States Public Land Survey System, an “aliquot part” is a legal subdivision of a larger section of land into halves or fourths.

[Last updated in May of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]