American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

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The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) (also referred to as the Recovery Act) was a large omnibus bill providing over $747 billion in supplemental appropriations for the 2009 fiscal year and spending to aid families and small businesses following the Great Recession.

The ARRA targeted spending in a few main areas including:

  • $260 billion in multiple tax cuts, tax credits, and unemployment benefits to provide relief for families
  • roughly 20% increase to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
  • infrastructure projects to create jobs and reduce unemployment
  • repairing and building public housing
  • clean energy production
  • subsidizing healthcare for the unemployed and modernizing healthcare
  • broad educational funding within schools and college grants
  • broadband infrastructure targeting rural areas
  • small businesses investment to spark new jobs
  • state fiscal stabilization

[Last updated in June of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team