judicial administration

Administrative Office of the United States Courts

The Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) is an administrative agency that is the central support entity for the judicial branch providing a wide range of administrative, legal, financial, management, program, and information...

Article III

Refers to Article III of the Constitution, the section of the Constitution that authorizes a federal court system. This provides that federal courts have judicial power over all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties...

Associate Justice

Associate justice is the designation given to a justice on a judicial panel who is not the chief justice.

Most commonly, the term is used to describe one of the eight associate justices on the Supreme Court of the United...

At Issue Memorandum

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA document that states that all parties to a case have been served, that the parties disagree (or are "at issue") over one or more points that need to be resolved at trial, and how much time the parties...

Bankruptcy court

There are 94 federal judicial districts. Each of these handle bankruptcy matters. In almost every district, bankruptcy courts hear bankruptcy cases and bankruptcy cases cannot be filed in state court. Bankruptcy laws help debtors who can no longer...

Calendar

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) The list of cases to be called for trial before a particular court. 2) To set and give a date and time for a case, petition, or motion to be heard by a court.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-...

Calendar Call

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA hearing at which cases are scheduled for trial or hearing. In general, numerous cases will be set for a calendar call at the same time, and the judge overseeing the hearing schedules each of them based...

Caption

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA heading required on all pleadings (court documents), listing the name and contact information of the lawyer or self-represented party, identifying the court in which the case is filed, and stating the...

Case Law

Case law is law that is based on judicial decisions rather than law based on constitutions, statutes, or regulations. Case law concerns unique disputes resolved by courts using the concrete facts of a case. By contrast, statutes and regulations...

Case of First Impression

A case of first impression is a case that presents a legal issue that has never been decided by the governing jurisdiction. An example is the 1978 Supreme Court case Monell v. Department of Soc. Svcs. which decided whether local governments were...

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