judicial administration

Administrative Office of the United States Courts

The Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) is an administrative agency that is the central support entity for the judicial branch providing a wide range of administrative, legal, financial, management, program, and information...

Article III

Refers to Article III of the Constitution, the section of the Constitution that authorizes a federal court system. This provides that federal courts have judicial power over all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties...

Associate Justice

Associate justice is the designation given to a justice on a judicial panel who is not the chief justice.

Most commonly, the term is used to describe one of the eight associate justices on the Supreme Court of the United...

At Issue Memorandum

An at issue memorandum is a legal document usually filed in a civil case. It states that all the parties in a case have been served and that the parties are at issue (or in disagreement) over one or more points that need...

Bankruptcy court

There are 94 federal judicial districts. Each of these handle bankruptcy matters. In almost every district, bankruptcy courts hear bankruptcy cases and bankruptcy cases cannot be filed in state court. Bankruptcy laws help debtors who can no longer...

Board of Veterans’ Appeals (BVA)

The Board of Veterans’ Appeals (BVA) is an administrative appellate court of the U.S. Department of Veterans’ Affairs (VA) that adjudicates U.S. military veterans’ claims regarding veteran benefits, such as disability compensation, medical...

Calendar

Calendar is a list of cases that a court is scheduled to hear. See: Court Calendar, Criminal Calendar.

When used as a verb, it means to place a case, motion, or other activity into the court's calendar to be heard. For...

Calendar Call

Calendar call is a pre-trial meeting that is held by a judge with the attorneys of both the parties in a case to schedule a date for trial or hearing, and to arrange some other pre-trial details. Generally, a court session is held in which...

Caption

Caption is a heading required on all pleadings (court documents) submitted to the court.

The caption or title of a pleading is the heading or introductory clause which shows the name, address, telephone number of the...

Case Law

Case law is law that is based on judicial decisions rather than law based on constitutions, statutes, or regulations. Case law concerns unique disputes resolved by courts using the concrete facts of a case. By contrast, statutes and regulations are...

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