401(k) plan


A deferred compensation retirement plan in which an employer withholds a portion of an employee's pretax wages and invests them in a qualified plan; an employer may contribute to an employee's 401(k) plan, e.g. by matching an employee's contributions. Wages invested in a 401(k) plan and income earned therefrom are not taxed until the employee withdraws them from the plan.




three-of-five test

A rebuttable IRS presumption that a business venture that does not make a profit in three out of five consecutive years of operation is a hobby and not a business for tax purposes. Not meeting this test has significant tax consequences because businesses can take advantage of many tax benefits and advantages that hobbies do not get.


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