Federal Question

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A genuine issue of law or controversy that can be originally adjudicated within a United States federal court because it concerns U.S Constitutional law, federal statutory law, a treaty, or international law.

According to the U.S Constitution, the presence of a federal question is one of several bases under which federal district courts may exercise their original jurisdiction to try a lawsuit.

If a suit brought in state court is found to include a federal question, it may be removed to federal court by any defendant.

Related terms:

CIVICS

Diversity jurisdiction

Federal court

Federal jurisdiction

Federal preemption of state law

Jurisdiction

Subject matter jurisdiction

28 U.S.C § 1331

28 U.S.C § 1441

[Last updated in July of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]