joint resolution of Congress

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The work of Congress is initiated by the introduction of a proposal in one of four principal forms: the bill, the joint resolution, the concurrent resolution, and the simple resolution.

Joint Resolution is a legislative measure, which requires the approval of both chambers and, with one exception (i.e., proposal to amend the U.S. Constitution), is submitted just as a bill to the president for signature in to law. Joint resolutions considered to have the same effect as a bill. A joint resolution originating in the Senate is designated by the letters "S.J.Res." followed by a number and joint resolutions introduced in the House of Representatives are designated "H.J.Res." and a number.

Joint resolutions that are used to propose constitutional amendments require two-thirds affirmative vote in each house but are not submitted to the president; they become effective when ratified. By three-quarters of the States.

[Last updated in June of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]